Official app from Xiaomi
To facilitate the operation, Xiaomi installs useful applications on smartphones. Some of them are presented below:
- Mi Drop. Provides fast file transfer between Xiaomi smartphones.
- Mi Remote. remote control of other Xiaomi devices (Xiaomi Mi Band smart bracelet, Xiaomi Redmi Notebook, Xiaomi robot vacuum cleaner, etc.).
- MSA. collects data from the user’s search queries and displays useful information for him.
- GetApps. a service for downloading games, applications and other utilities, analogous to Google Play.
Signs of a fake phone
The buyer should remember the general signs of a fake:
- The box does not match the version of the smartphone.
- Phone OS does not have MIUI shell.
- Externally, the device is of poor build quality.
- Programs do not match firmware.
- IMEI and serial number have not been verified on the official website.
- Lack of instructions in original language and warranty.
Checking through the AnTuTu Officer app
AnTuTu Officer is a dedicated authentication application. It can be downloaded from Google Play. After installing the program, you need to open the y.antutu.com website on another device. In the phone application, you need to click “Start” and scan the QR code from the site. After scanning, the result will be released (green. everything is fine, red. fake).
Note! If there is an indefinite result, do not worry. this often happens with the Global version. Other checks can be passed.
Technical specification check
The biggest difference is the software. Real Xiaomi smartphones have Android OS with MIUI shell. A fake may have a different OS, so when buying, you must definitely check it.
Check on the website of the Chinese Ministry of MIIT
The MIIT Ministry has created a service for checking devices, namely, whether they have permissions to access the network. How is self-check done:
- There is a blue sticker with a code on the box and back cover of the smartphone;
- Going to the official MIIT website (http://www.tenaa.com.cn/WSFW/flagvalidate.aspx), you need to enter this code by selecting a province, otherwise the check will not happen due to the system ban.
If the code is correct, then the site will indicate the phone model.
Compare the MIUI version of the phone on the official website
To make sure the phone has a genuine firmware, you need to:
- Go to device settings;
- Select the section “About phone”;
- Find the line “MIUI version”, where the smartphone’s firmware is indicated;
- Find the device model on the official website http://c.Mi.com/miuidownload/index.
Here it will be written what the latest firmware version should be in this device model.
Additional Information! If the versions do not match, it is recommended to update the firmware (“About phone”. “Update system”). You should do a flashing if it turns out that the version is unofficial.
How to distinguish the global version of Xiaomi from the Chinese
The production of Xiaomi devices takes place in China and India, so these countries are the first to get acquainted with the company’s new products. Accordingly, the firmware of smartphones is Chinese / Indian and international. for European countries and the USA.
Xiaomi China Stable and Xiaomi Global version: what’s the difference?
- The name of the Chinese firmware is China Stable (CN). These phones are for use in the PRC only. The global version is called. Global Stable.
- The main language of the original version is Chinese. All information on the box, factory film, back panel and instructions is written in hieroglyphs. The software has only two languages installed. Chinese and English. The international version is multilingual. User can select the language when the device is first started.
- The original firmware does not support Google services, unlike the European (EU). On a Chinese smartphone, you will have to independently install the applications “YouТube”, “Google Maps”, etc.
- The price of these smartphones in China is lower than the cost of international versions.
- Each version supports programs and applications for local residents.
- The China Stable charger has a “Type I” Australian plug. An adapter is required for European type sockets. Global Stable includes a standard for many European countries charger with a C or F plug.
- Differences in the frequency range are sometimes observed. EU supports more bands, while Chinese version only supports 2G and 3G networks.
Note! It is possible to change the interface language of the original version into Russian using the Locale program. But in this way only partial Russification is possible.
How to distinguish the global version of the firmware from the Chinese one on Xiaomi
The products manufactured by Xiaomi for the domestic market are different from the export version. Let’s figure out how to distinguish the global version from the Chinese one and what firmware versions exist.
The global firmware has been translated into many languages and is intended for the European market. Of course, it supports Russian and has a complete translation of all menu items. Its name contains the words “Global” or “Global” and the letters Mi. Example: “MIUI Global 9.2 Stable 22.214.171.124 (MALMiEK)”.
Types of firmware on Xiaomi
MIUI Ported ROM
These are mostly custom builds from third-party developers. They are not official, but this does not mean low quality at all. Some are quite decent and work without errors. As a rule, they are released for markets where there is no support for the global version. You can distinguish by loading the device: most often the logo of the team that worked on the firmware appears.
Ported ROM can also include authoring firmware made by one person. They need to be treated with extra caution.
MIUI Developer ROM
Developer translates to developer. This firmware includes all the innovations and functions that are not available to most ordinary users. It is needed just for testing all these innovations, so it often has many flaws and bugs. Updated every week. Its name is formed by the release date, for example: “MIUI9 7.10.8”. released in 2017 on the 10th month (October) on the 8th.
MIUI Stable ROM
Stable version. Almost all functions have already been tested and work fine here. Such firmware is installed in smartphones for sale. Do not have a clear update schedule. The name contains the word Stable or Stable.
This version is exclusively for the Chinese domestic market. As mentioned above, it only supports Chinese and English. There are many services installed here that do not work in other countries. The name contains the letters CN. Example: “MIUI 8.2 | Stable 126.96.36.199 (MADCNDL) “.
In turn, these firmware are divided into 3 types:
- MIUI Developer ROM
- MIUI Stable ROM
- MIUI Ported ROM
How to distinguish Chinese Xiaomi from the global version (Global Version)
The easiest way to identify the Global Version is by the corresponding inscription on the box and descriptions in English (instead of hieroglyphs).
Global (international) version of Xiaomi smartphone
For fidelity, it will also not be superfluous to compare the IMEI of the device with what is indicated on the package (you can find it out by entering the code # in the dialing number).
In addition, you can check the MIUI firmware version, which should look something like the following. V10.0.1.0.OEIMiFH, where Mi stands for Global Version, in the case of the Chinese version, the article will contain “CN”.
It is worth paying attention to the number of digits. if there are more than four, then in front of you, most likely, a “fired” handicraft of the Vietnamese spill.
And finally, the third way. You should go to a special page of the Xiaomi website, enter the serial number or IMEI of the smartphone and get accurate information about its origin.
Global (international) version of Xiaomi smartphone
Please note that some online sellers describe the gadgets as Global Rom. These are Chinese smartphones with international firmware, not Global Version.
How to distinguish Chinese Xiaomi from the global version and why Xiaomi blocks Chinese smartphones
In ancient times, at the dawn of civilization, domestic users of the first iPhone models knew very well what unlocking, flashing, jailbreak and, in case of failure, “brick” are. Owners of Android gadgets, on the other hand, felt at ease, having almost unlimited access to all levels of the OS. The world has changed a lot since then.
The expansion of the system’s capabilities and user rights on the part of Apple developers made the procedure for jailbreaking the iPhone almost useless, and the developers of jailbreak tools for iOS, whose nicknames were not so long ago known to all the geeks of the planet, are now out of work. Perhaps now they should apply their skills to bypass locks and bans of new versions of Android.
Chinese and global (international) versions of Xiaomi, differences
Like most other major brands from the Middle Kingdom, Xiaomi releases most mass-produced smartphones in two versions. for the domestic market with Anglo-Chinese firmware and Global Version for the rest of the world with the so-called global firmware.
Chinese Xiaomi. it costs less, may have lower quality components, the firmware contains a number of services that are relevant for the Asian market, support exclusively for Chinese and English, the absence of Google Play and other applications / functions that do not comply with Chinese legislation;
Global Version Xiaomi. supports many languages, receives less updates than the Chinese version, costs more, all Google functions and services are present.
Why Xiaomi is blocking Chinese versions of smartphones in Russia and around the world
Actually, the ban on flashing china versions affected not only Xiaomi, Huawei also introduces similar restrictions, and for several years now similar problems have been encountered by owners of some ZTE models. This is due, first of all, to the new Google security rules, which, for example, recently prohibit rolling back the OS version to an earlier version.
In addition, in this way, companies protect official retailers in foreign markets from “gray” devices, which are sold on average several thousand rubles cheaper. So, earlier, a domestic fan of Xiaomi products could easily purchase a smartphone intended for the Chinese market with a good discount and easily install a global MIUI on it with the Russian language, Play-market, etc. Now, with a high degree of probability, such a smartphone will turn into a “brick”, and its owner will have to perform dances with a tambourine, described below.
How to revive the “brick” Xiaomi
If your gadget has already become a victim of new security measures, then you can try to return the base MIUI firmware via EDL mode using the official proprietary utility for Windows Xiaomi MiFlash.
How to reflash Xiaomi without the risk of blocking
Naturally, there are no hopeless situations, and you can change the operating system on a Chinese gadget. The best way to do this is to submit an official application to unlock the bootloader, whose functions include launching Android (MIUI), roughly speaking, this is a kind of analogue of a computer BIOS, which, being locked, will not allow arbitrary software to be installed on the device. You can also try to get a developer account, which will automatically allow you to perform any actions with the operating system.
Consideration of the application can take quite a long time, and therefore many experienced users remove the bootloader lock on their own using the third-party XiaoMiTool utility, to which the manufacturer, of course, has nothing to do, all actions the user takes at his own peril and risk.
At the same time, it is important to understand that a device with an unlocked bootloader does not meet the security rules of the same Google, which means that it is impossible, for example, to use the Google Pay service.
Which smartphones does Xiaomi turn into “brick
So, buying a 2018 Xiaomi smartphone designed for the Chinese market with MIUI 9.5 / 10 firmware based on Android 8/9 and later, a citizen of another country risks getting a “brick” when trying to update or reinstall the operating system. On many thematic forums, including Russian-speaking ones, there are already a lot of complaints from users whose gadgets fell asleep forever after trying to install a global version or any custom firmware on them.
At the same time, smartphones that were purchased before 2018 are not affected by this Xiaomi initiative.
How to distinguish a Chinese version of a smartphone from a global one
The main difference is in price: Chinese versions cost less. Sometimes less high-quality assembly of the device is noticeable. The smartphone for the domestic market supports several exclusively Chinese services that will not be relevant in other countries. They do not have many applications that are familiar to the whole world. For example, you cannot install Instagram, but an analogue of the social network is available. Miaopai.
Global Version Xiaomi supports a large number of languages, updates are less frequent and more expensive. All the usual Google functions are also included.
To understand what kind of device is in front of you:
- Check the MIUI firmware version. For the global version, it looks like this: V10.0.1.0.OEIMIFH. “Mi” means the phone is for worldwide sale. The Chinese version is identified by letters in OS CN.4. There should be no more than four numbers. otherwise, you can safely assume that the phone is a Vietnamese fake.
- On the official Xiaomi website, enter the IMEI of the device, or the serial number, and you will find out all the necessary information about the device.
How to Check Xiaomi ROM Version. China or Global. European or Russian
Smartphones, which are labeled as Global Rom, stand apart. These devices are originally intended for China, but with the Global firmware installed.
Difference between versions
The Chinese manufacturer Xiaomi produces products not only for the whole world, but also for the domestic consumer. Smartphones that go on sale in many countries are different from those sold strictly in the Chinese market.
There are several main differences between the domestic and foreign market versions:
- Package. A phone intended for export sales bears the words “Global Version” on the box. It indicates that the device has a global version of the operating system.
- Charger. Smartphones for domestic sale are supplied complete with a Chinese-style charger, and only sometimes the manufacturer provides them with adapters for Russian sockets. Rest of the world gadgets come with country-specific plugs.
- Firmware. The in-market version supports two languages: Chinese and English.
- 4G support. Many smartphones designed exclusively for China do not work in LTE Band 20 and Band 4 networks, which are used in the Russian Federation.
There are also model differences. For example, Xiaomi Redmi 5a, 6 and 6a for the Chinese buyer are equipped with a single slot that can accommodate two SIM cards, or one SIM and a memory card. The global version of these phone models can boast of an additional slot for a second SIM-card. the user does not have to choose between additional memory and an extra SIM card.
Is it possible to install global firmware on the Chinese version
Most Russian users will find it unusual to use a smartphone bought in China. It should be noted right away that Xiaomi’s assortment includes models that are designed only for the Chinese market. You won’t be able to reflash such a smartphone. But if the gadget has an analogue with the global version, then you can use the MiUnlock application.
The procedure for flashing the device is as follows:
- Create Mi Account on the official website https://account.Xiaomi.com/.
- Go to http://www.miui.com/unlock/index_en.html. Click “Open Now”.
- Log in to the system.
- Enter an alias on the forum http://en.miui.com/forum.php.
- Fill out the form, indicate the name in English, country of residence and the reason for unlocking the smartphone for the Global firmware version.
- Agree to the terms of the user agreement.
- A code will be sent to the device. It must be entered on the third page.
- Now you need to wait for the approval of the developers. Usually the application is considered no more than 10 days.
- After receiving a notification that the developer has made a positive decision, download the MiUnlock utility and install it on the PC.
Next, you need to bind the device to the account from which the request was made. To do this, you need to go to the settings, click 5 times on the MIUI version and go to developer mode. Now, through the Mi Unlock Status field, the smartphone is linked to the account.
After linking to Mi Account, you can proceed directly to unlocking:
- Launch Mi Unlock and accept the terms of the user agreement.
- Log in using Mi Account data.
- Simultaneously hold down the power button and volume up on the smartphone. this will put it into Fastboot mode.
- When a rabbit appears on the display, the smartphone must be connected using a USB cable to the computer.
- On the PC in the program, click “Unlock”.
If everything is done correctly, the unlocking process will start, and at the end, the inscription “Unlocked Succesfully” will appear.
Differences between the Global (international) version
Global Version, EU, International Version. What does all this mean?
There is no secret here. Xiaomi produces devices for both the domestic market and the global one. Devices for the global market, i.e. countries other than China, have the prefix EU or Global Version. By the way, you can see the last inscription on the packaging of the device. Of course, if the smartphone is intended, for example, for the European market.
How else are the devices different? Obviously, not only by the inscription Indeed, there are differences, but there are still not so many of them.
The packaging of the version for the domestic market has hieroglyphs, while the version for the global market has inscriptions in Latin.
The same applies to the instructions that are inside the package.
Charger for EU. with Euro plug, or UK.England.
There are some differences in the frequency range.
Some smartphones of Chinese modification may not work in LTE Band 20 and Band 4 networks, which are common in some regions of the Russian Federation and Europe. For everyone else, if there is a global firmware, there will be absolutely no difference between the “European” and “Chinese” versions of the smartphone. In most cases, this is irrelevant for the user. To date, these frequencies are not used in Belarus.
There are no differences in the software, the firmware is the same, provided that Global stable is installed, namely this is preinstalled in the smartphones we sell
First of all, let’s divide the MIUI firmware by region. Everything is very simple here.
- for the domestic market, it is also Anglo-Chinese. China ROM;
- for the international market, global. Global ROM.
These are two basic versions of MIUI firmware, on the basis of which custom firmwares are created. Further, a little more detail about each of the two.
MIUI Global ROM (Global ROM)
This firmware is for smartphones and tablets manufactured outside of China. The international version of MIUI already has pre-installed applications and services from Google. There is a choice of languages here, including Russian.
This version is released exclusively for smartphones sold in the domestic market. The firmware has 2 preinstalled languages - Chinese and English, there are also no Google services and software installed that works only in China.
How MIUI firmware differ by type?
So far, everything seems very simple, however MIUI is also divided according to its type:
- MIUI Developer ROM. for developers, MIUI beta;
- MIUI Stable ROM. stable firmware version;
- MIUI Ported ROM. these are unofficial versions of MIUI firmware, supported by developers in local markets;
- self-made firmware based on MIUI. the same custom ones, but often their “creators” are unknown;
- regional MIUI firmware. usually released for models that support a specific type of mobile connection.
- MIUI Developer ROM
These firmwares are officially released by Xiaomi developers. Initially, such assemblies are intended for more advanced users who need to be the first to get access to new functions of the operating system. Developer ROM is designed for testing innovations and it often contains various flaws.
That is why updates appear weekly on Fridays (excluding holidays). As soon as errors are found, they are quickly eliminated and the next version of MIUI usually does not have any previously identified flaws.
Calculating firmware for developers is very easy. even by name. For example, if you see that the assembly is called MIUI 8 7.21.4, then it was released on April 21, 2017.
With these firmware versions, everything is much easier. They are also released by the Xiaomi development team, however, these builds are official, stable, tested, with fully functional functions and without obvious glitches that are eliminated in developer builds.
You can safely install such firmware on your phone, but you will not be among the first to get access to the innovations. Here, a choice has been made in favor of stability. Stable ROM firmware updates without a specific schedule, so you may see an update every couple of weeks, or even not get anything new for months.
This type of MIUI firmware includes most custom assemblies, of course, they are all unofficial. You can often come across such firmware for one main reason. outside of China, Xiaomi smartphones usually install localized versions of MIUI, assembled by third-party developers.
We also refer to this type of firmware as high-quality assemblies of enthusiasts who port MIUI to devices from other manufacturers besides Xiaomi.
Basically, Ported ROM MIUI is built on the basis of a stable version of the firmware, or on a developer with the elimination of bugs. Often these custom builds are updated according to a specific schedule, but the installation will be done manually.
Custom low-quality MIUI builds
Still, it is necessary to single out a separate subtype from the general picture of custom MIUI firmware. self-made assemblies that pop up on “gray” Xiaomi smartphones. Often, such firmwares have a terrible translation, terrible optimization and there are uncorrected bugs.
If this is the first time you encountered MIUI firmware of this type, then the impression of the operating system and the phone as a whole will surely be spoiled for a long time. Never use assemblies like this.
Regional MIUI ROM / Other versions
These are far from the most common types of MIUI firmware. We noted above that these are mainly regional localized assemblies intended for a specific type of mobile communication or for a specific operator. The most famous firmware WCDMA ROM MIUI and TD ROM. the first will work on models only with support for 3G WCDMA communication (more or less common), and the second. only in the domestic market of China.
We can also divide MIUI firmware according to the simplest criterion. by size.
Full ROM is a full-fledged version of the firmware that you can safely install from scratch on your smartphone. Often, installing such an assembly will fix all errors and other problems that could not be dealt with in other ways. Such a MIUI package offers all the necessary services, which is why the firmware file will not weigh so little. up to 2 GB.
The Incremental ROM is just an addition to the firmware, updating it with the necessary fixes. Often you can get them by OTA (downloading via WI-FI) if you have the official MIUI firmware installed. stable or for developers. These updates are small. from 20 to 200 MB.
And in conclusion, we note the implicit division of MIUI firmware according to the update method. by OTA or manually.
Any official MIUI firmware has the ability to get an update over the air at any time, but only if you have not manually changed anything in the system files. Because of this, there may be a problem with the OTA update. We’ll have to fix the problem manually. by installing the assembly, which can always be downloaded on the official Xiaomi MIUI forum.
Custom MIUI builds rarely have the ability to update over the air, so they are usually installed manually. To do this, you will have to unlock the bootloader, which has been officially blocked for some time now.
To find out the firmware version installed on your smartphone, you need to go to the system settings and select the lowest item. “About phone”.
In the window that opens, technical information about the system will be displayed, including the firmware version.
“Global ROM” and “Global Version
You can often find descriptions such as “Global ROM” or “Global Version”.
The first is the Chinese version, which has already been reflashed at the factory and the international version has been installed. Such a device practically does not differ from the “global” model, except for hardware differences (for example, the lack of 4G in phones).
Mi 10 Pro Global vs Mi 10 Pro China. Worth the Difference?
The second is the international model. Here is a global operating system, for work in any region, and all hardware capabilities.
Why Xiaomi makes two versions?
It will not be possible to give a short answer to this question, but we will try to explain everything in simple words. The Chinese and global versions are designed for different markets: the first for the Chinese and Asian markets, the second for the rest of the world.
Differences between the global version of Xiaomi and the Chinese
Language. Most often, there are two base languages available in the Chinese version. Chinese and English. Need Russian? You will have to add it manually, and it’s not a fact that everything will work correctly. The global version has all languages.
Region. In China, Google services are blocked, so there will be problems with them in the Chinese version. Do you want Google Maps, YouTube and other familiar services? Download it yourself from the Internet. There are no such problems in the international modification.
4G. In addition to the differences in the firmware, there are also hardware differences. No Chinese operator uses the 800 MHz LTE band. This means that in the Asian version, you can forget about the 4G Internet, only 2G and 3G.
What about the global version?
In the global / international version of Xiaomi gadgets, there are no problems with installing the language, choosing the desired region and downloading any applications.
When releasing global versions, the company has to spend money on localization, certification for other markets and Google royalties for services that are not used in China. For this reason, the version for the international market is more expensive.
How to determine the global version?
It is easy to distinguish the “globalka” from the Chinese version: on the box all the characteristics and names are written in English, and also on most boxes there is a sticker “Global Version” (“on most”, because stickers are not always glued). Chinese models come in boxes with Chinese.
But what if there is no box? On the body of the device, you need to find the “CE” logo, which indicates the certification according to European Union standards.
Another way is to make out the charger. If the socket is with flat prongs, then this is the Chinese version. For the global version, plugs with pins for European sockets are most often used (again, “most often”, because sometimes they can be confused).
The easiest way for phones is to look in the settings for the presence or absence of MEID (special identifier). To do this, go to the “About phone” tab, then “General information”. If there is a MEID near IMEI, then the phone is “Chinese”.
It turns out the Chinese version. bad?
Of course not, Xiaomi devices in the Chinese version are popular all over the world. For example, they are often taken by developers of applications and software when the device itself is needed directly, and not the full set of its functions. In this case, you can take a more budgetary Chinese version, connect to Wi-Fi and test.
Ordinary shoppers often opt for the Asian version as well. Yes, it has its own nuances, but some of them can be solved by flashing.
We want to warn you right away: flashing is not entirely “legal” business. Keep in mind that all responsibility for the serviceability of the device after self-flashing will only be on you.
The good news is that the internet is full of tips on how to flash your phone (and other devices). Most likely, someone has already encountered your problem and found a way to solve it.
The bad news is that there is no guarantee that advice from the internet is safe and will completely solve your problems. In addition, it will be difficult for an unprepared person to independently complete all the steps of the setup.
Why do I need a separate version for Asia?
China has its own, autonomous Internet. It does not have access to many international services, and uses internal servers to store data. For example, in China, all Google services are blocked. you cannot watch YouTube or use Google maps there.
This raises a logical question: how is the Internet connected in China and, for example, a regular smartphone? Remember, before you start using a new phone, you need to make basic settings. specify the time zone, region, etc. When making these settings, the Asian version will default to the Chinese region. Residents outside China may experience problems because of this: difficulties in installing the desired language (for example, Russian) and difficulties using services that are not available in China (the same Google).
What is the difference between the Asian version and the international Xiaomi?
As you know, Xiaomi is a Chinese company and produces its products not only for the international market, but also for the domestic consumer. In this regard, there are modifications of smartphones both for the Chinese themselves and for everyone else. What is the difference between the Asian version and the international Xiaomi?
Smartphones intended for the international market have the inscription Global Version on the packaging. This implies that the global firmware version is already preinstalled in them.
Together with the global version of the smartphone, the kit comes with a charger with the usual “European” plug. At the same time, Chinese modifications can come with a charger of their sample, and sometimes (depending on the seller) they can be equipped with an adapter for “our” sockets.
The most distinctive feature is the presence in the smartphone for the domestic market of China firmware with only two preinstalled languages: English and Chinese.
If such a smartphone has its analogue in the “global version”, then you should not worry. you can always reflash it and get a full-fledged “European” smartphone, but the Xiaomi model range contains devices designed exclusively for the Chinese market that do not have “global” firmware.
Enthusiasts around the world are dealing with this issue. They translate such phones into the languages of their countries (including Russian) and enable users to make a choice in favor of cheaper “Chinese” versions of devices.
Some smartphones of the Chinese modification may not work in the LTE Band 20 and Band 4 networks, which are common in some regions of the Russian Federation. For everyone else, if there is a global firmware, there will be absolutely no difference between the “European” and “Chinese” versions of the smartphone.
However, it is not always the case only for firmware or packaging. In some cases, there are also technical differences that are visible to the naked eye. For example, this applies to smartphones such as Xiaomi Redmi 5a, Redmi 6 and Redmi 6a. When buying these devices, it is worth remembering that their Asian versions are equipped with one hybrid slot, in which you can put two SIM cards or one SIM card with a memory card, and in the international one there is an additional slot for a second SIM card. Thus, the international version allows you to fully enjoy all the delights of dual-SIM smartphones and at the same time not prejudice yourself in the ability to use an additional memory card.
Other useful information:
These devices are manufactured and sold in India. The interface, as usual, is in English. Indian smartphones Xiaomi are offered to the consumer with the installed global firmware. The devices support much fewer LTE bands than their Asian counterparts, due to the use of only a small part of them in India. This allows the manufacturer not to launch support for most bands. It is possible to check all the difference between Indian, Chinese and global firmware on models made specifically for the Indian sales market: RedmiNote 5 Pro, Redmi Y1, Redmi Y2.
What is the global version of Xiaomi (global version), its differences from the original Chinese firmware
Smartphones of the Chinese company Xiaomi are gaining more and more popularity among consumers every day. This is because the devices of this brand differ favorably by the ratio of functionality, price and quality. High-speed operation of the device and its ability to work are most often provided by the proprietary MIUI firmware. For those who are just planning to purchase a gadget, get to know it better. this is just a name. Users with a certain experience of operating devices of this company know that it comes in different versions. And this difference does not depend on the freshness of the shell.
The main production of devices is based in China and India, which means that the inhabitants of these countries are the first to have the opportunity to get acquainted with new products. There are three types of firmware: international, Indian and Chinese versions. The latter and Indian, as you might guess, are produced for India and the Middle Kingdom, respectively. The international version is designed for a European user.
What is the global Xiaomi firmware, and how to distinguish the global version from the Chinese or Indian version, consider below.
The main differences between the global and the Chinese version of Xiaomi
In operation, the Chinese version brings a lot of discomfort to the user from Europe. First of all, this firmware does not support languages other than Chinese characters and English. With the help of the Locale tool it is possible to add Russian, but it will not fully function.
Due to the ban on all Google services, devices for the Asian market do not contain the prudently installed original software. All the necessary applications like YouTube, Google maps, mail, and others will need to be downloaded to the gadget with your own hand. In addition to software differences, there are hardware differences. Operators of the Celestial Empire do not use the LTE 800 band, which means that many Xiaomi, Redmi and other models of this brand do not support the band20.
Previously, it was possible to reflash the Asian version to the global one with a few clicks, now for this purpose it is necessary to unlock the bootloader. Of course, this operation is completely simple, but you need to wait at least 360 hours. Failure to observe all safety precautions may cause the machine to break.
On sale, you can often find products with the Global ROM label. The selling side emphasizes the availability of all Google services that are regularly updated, multilingual support. It may seem like a true international variety, but it is not: there is a big difference between globalrom and globalversion. The fact is that globalrom is a self-flashed Asian model. In terms of software, it does not differ in any way from its European version, the differences exist in the hardware aspect.
There are several guidelines for distinguishing Western from Asian and getting the right smartphone.
The differences begin with the packaging of the device. The design of the international version of Xiaomi does not contain any hieroglyphs or inscriptions in the language of the Middle Kingdom on the box. All definitions, descriptions and recommendations are in English. A very important point is the sticker on the GlobalVersion box: it should be red. The Asian variety is devoid of such a label, and all inscriptions contain hieroglyphs. They are also shown on the shipping films glued to the device. Individual models differ in the design of the boxes.
The back panel of the device, made for Western users, bears the inscription “Made in China”, or “Made in India”, model number, Xiaomi logo. There is also an image of a crossed-out bin, indicating the impossibility of normal disposal, due to the presence of a battery. The letters “CE”, placed in the same place, indicate full compliance with all required standards, certification. The Asian counterpart, as a rule, does not contain the model number and any letters, only the company logo is present. The version from Rostest is completed with instructions in Russian.
An honest seller will always post a detailed photo of not only the phone, but also the packaging on the page. Look carefully, there must be a red sticker on the box, with the inscription Globa lVersion.
How to find out your Xiaomi firmware version
Global Version and Global ROM, in turn, are divided into varieties:
Stable ROM. as the name implies, this modification is stable. When you buy a gadget at an official outlet, you will receive exactly this. This firmware contains a minimum number of bugs, in operation it is quite stable and constant, as well as possible, suitable for installation if the user does not want to have unnecessary problems with the smartphone. They differ in a rather rare release and updates. The title contains the word Stable and four digits representing the version.
Ported ROM is an unofficial version of the firmware. It was developed and released by people not directly related to Xiaomi. But this does not make it of poor quality or bad; basically, it functions reliably and stably. In addition, such employees carry out the localization of versions for implementation in China for launching into the international market. Reveal them, perhaps when you turn on the smartphone, each organization has its own logo displayed at boot time. Each team has its own product release schedule.
Developer ROM. This product is intended for developers. It contains the latest functional resources that users have not yet seen. Also, I must say, there are many bugs and unfinished software. The name is made up of the date: year, day, month of the release of the modification. For example, MIUI9 7.11.9, informs the consumer that the products were released in 2017 on November 9.
You should not buy a new Xiaomi product as soon as it was released. Wait 4-5 months until all imperfections and imperfections are eliminated. It was after this time that the smartphone will receive a fully “equipped” software
In addition to all of the above, there are copyright and self-made firmware. The first thing to know about upgrades is that they were created by one person. They added or removed what the author considered necessary. They must be installed very carefully, because it is not known what was the main goal of the creator. Self-made ones also belong to the author’s options, but their quality is far from ideal, if not disgusting.
Also, firmwares are divided by size. There is a Full ROM that is perfect for a smartphone from scratch. It contains all the resources and services required for correct and fast work. The size of this version is quite large: it can weigh about 2 gigabytes. Incremental ROMs usually weigh a little, from 20 to 200 megabytes. This is just an incremental update aimed at fixing flaws in the modification.
Each official version receives the necessary updates over the air, of course, if the user has not changed anything in the system. In order to find out your version installed on the phone, you need to open the system settings, then select the “about phone” section. You will see a window that will provide information about the device’s system and its firmware version.
What versions of Xiaomi smartphones are there?
To prevent resellers from sweeping all the devices off the shelves, thereby causing a shortage, there is a division into eu or global, Indian, Chinese or cn firmware. In addition, the law of the PRC prohibits many Western resources, so Ukrainian, Russian and other European buyers may have problems with a phone purchased in the Middle Kingdom.
With the entry into the international market, there was a clear separation of the global version from the Chinese one. The main differences are in the name and software. Chinese models do not have many European languages, only English, and instead of Google services, local resources. They also have a different modem frequency standard, LTE Band 20 is not used there. The frequencies of cellular networks in the PRC differ: standart TD-SCDMA is widely popular, which is not used in other countries, and LTE operates in other ranges.
In view of the fact that devices for the PRC and for export need to be produced slightly different, the company is not interested in selling significant technical modifications in the foreign market. Within a few hours after the release of the new item, it will be bought out by resellers and there will be a shortage of the model in the Middle Kingdom. Because of this, potential buyers will purchase devices from a different brand. In an effort to maintain sales and a good name at the proper level, the company practices various methods of protecting devices.
Let’s take a closer look at what the global version is and how it differs from other options.
MIUI version code. IMEI and Authentication
The CDMA network is widespread in the Middle Kingdom. This assumes in the Asian modification the presence of MEID. IMEI, a specialized identifier used in 3G networks using CDMA. Global modification does not have it. You can determine the presence of MEID by looking at the device settings. You need to open the section “about phone”, then find “general information” and check if there is a letter combination meid near the IMEI. Its presence means that this is an Asian variety. The absence determines the global variant.
In order to avoid unnecessary worries and problems, it is worth purchasing the official GlobalVersion. This variation works great with all Russian and Western mobile operators, does not require any additional manipulations and supports LTE b20.
The purchase of an Asian modification also has its advantages. Its cost is slightly lower, in addition, it will suit consumers from Ukraine, due to the fact that there is no LTE b20 there. In addition, they can perfectly function in cdma networks.
It makes sense to choose the variation for the PRC to use if all these differences are not very important to you. You are fully aware of your actions, you do not need a Russian-language menu.