Sub-stream bitrate adjustment for better remote viewing

If video streams don’t work in a mobile app or are very laggy, the substream can be set to lower resolutions and frame rates to improve the viewing experience.

Start by lowering your frame rate to a comfortable level. For remote viewing, 7 frames per second are enough to understand what is happening in front of the camera. It may not be smooth video, but allows for lower bit rates.

If the bit rate is still insufficient, try lowering the video resolution. The lower the resolution, the smaller you need to transmit video frames.

The resolution can significantly reduce the video bitrate, but the video quality will also be reduced. Choose a good balance between crisp video and lower bitrate.

Write down the recommended bitrate and try decreasing it. If the video does not work correctly, increase the bitrate.

How Internet Speed ​​Affects Remote Video Surveillance?

Now that remote viewing of CCTV cameras is becoming more and more popular, it is important to know what internet speed is needed for remote surveillance. While it is great to have a system that allows you to view information remotely from anywhere, in many cases customer expectations are not met without a camera or surveillance system malfunctioning. To connect to cameras remotely, a certain Internet download speed is required, which, unfortunately, is absent in most Internet service plans for home and small business.

What is download speed?

The most important thing in remote video surveillance. is the download speed of the internet service to which the system is connected. When connecting to the Internet, there are two types of speed:

Download speed determines how fast an internet service can transfer data. footage from a CCTV camera. If the download speed is slow, the system will not be able to send data over the Internet to your smartphone or computer. Slow download speeds are common due to poor telecommunications infrastructure for high speed internet.

The fast download speed allows you to transfer high quality videos without buffering. ISPs have ignored download speeds in their offerings and focused on increasing download speeds to meet the demand for video streaming services. As a result, the choice of tariff plans with high download speeds is limited.

In addition, the legacy copper coax infrastructure limits the potential for high download speeds. This is due to the way signal transmission over copper cable works. Unable to have high speed simultaneous download and upload via cable.

What internet speed is needed for IP video surveillance?

General concept of Internet speed

Internet speed is measured and sold in Mbps or Mbps. For the layman, speed is meaningless, but in this article we will explain why it is important. Anyone with a fiber-optic internet connection shouldn’t have to worry about download speeds because fiber-optic internet allows a 1 to 1 connection speed ratio.

What is bitrate?

Bitrate. it is what controls how much data the camera uses when recording or streaming over the Internet. The bit rate is determined by the resolution of each camera and the frame rate. The use of video cameras that include the main stream and substream allows you to set different bit rates for each stream.

Main stream. This is a full HD resolution video stream produced by a camera.

Additional stream (substream). it is a lower resolution stream that can be used for remote viewing, or a continuous stream with low overhead for recording.

The total number of cameras that are viewed remotely add up to the total bitrate required to view them.

What is the recommended download speed for remote viewing?

As we mentioned earlier, the download speed of the Internet connection is the most important factor in determining the quality of video when viewed remotely. Each camera viewed will use a certain amount of data called a bit rate. The bit rate each camera uses is controlled by NVR or DVR in encoding settings.

Download speed is not less than 5 Mbps. this is the minimum for remote viewing of cameras.

For the best remote viewing experience, we recommend a download speed of at least 10 Mbps. This speed provides good quality with no lag. Download speed will allow for data transfer up to a 16-channel system without delays or video jumps.

Higher download speeds will support viewing one or two cameras in the main stream at full resolution.

I have a download speed of no more than 2 Mbps, what should I do?

Koyens with lower than recommended download speeds can do several things to improve their remote viewing experience. Before trying to tweak the settings, it is important to better understand what bitrate is.

How to determine the speed of your internet?

Internet service providers are required to provide clear and accurate information about what services they provide. The easiest way to find out what Internet speed your ISP provides. call the company or enter their website.

Bandwidth Basics for IP Cameras

When using the services of Internet providers, it is important to know what you are paying for. To find out the speed of your Internet connection, you can use the online test program. Make sure the test is performed with a wired PC connection directly to your router or modem. This will be the best test of your actual connection speed.

Internet connection technical requirements

To organize virtual IP-telephony, you can use both wired and wireless Internet. Ideally, both options should be present, because the smooth operation of each type of communication depends on various factors. In addition, as mentioned above, the Internet connection must meet certain technical characteristics, without which it is impossible to achieve high-quality voice communication using IP-telephony technology:

  • bandwidth (speed) of the Internet channel for one conversation 100 kbps;
  • the maximum delay (ping) when transmitting packets should be no more than 100-150 milliseconds;
  • jitter, or deviation from the average latency level. no more than 20 milliseconds;
  • no more than 5% packet loss.

How to calculate bandwidth

If the company plans to connect IP-telephony, then you can first calculate what bandwidth the Internet connection should have for this.

The bandwidth of the Internet channel for VoIP conversations consists of voice data compressed by the codec and overhead costs, which are determined by the RTP, UDP and IP protocol stacks, as well as the physical and data link layers of the network.

This value is calculated in kilobits per second using the formula:

where L. voice data encoded by an audio codec, O. protocol stack load, C. number of packets per second.

All these data are taken from various reference books. You can more accurately calculate the bandwidth of the Internet channel using online calculators, which can be found on the Internet without any problems. You can roughly estimate the required bandwidth of the Internet channel for telephoning an office using the formula:

Channel width = 0.1 Mbps number of concurrent conversations.

You will get the result in megabits per second, for example, for ten simultaneous conversations, a 1 Mbit / s channel will be enough.

What internet speed is needed for IP telephony

internet, speed, needed, camera

For high-quality operation of IP-telephony, access to the Internet must have a certain speed of receiving and transmitting data. But in addition to this parameter, Internet access must meet other technical requirements. What are these requirements and what criteria they must meet, we will consider in more detail.

How to check the characteristics of the Internet channel

You also need to know the indicators of your Internet channel in order to understand whether they meet the requirements for organizing the operation of IP telephony.

Internet connection speed can be checked using special online services, some of which are, Google Internet Speed ​​and others. Such tests can also detect ping. the delay in the transmission of information packets over the channel. This indicator is measured in milliseconds, and the lower it is, the better.

Jitter refers to the deviation of the maximum and minimum packet transit times from the average. For example, when sending 100 packets, the minimum transit time. 395 ms maximum. 405 ms average. 400 ms. The jitter is calculated as 405-400 = 5 and 400-395 = 5. Thus, the deviation is only 5 ms, which is acceptable for VoIP telephony. In case 100 packets are forwarded, with a minimum transit time of 1 ms, the maximum. 100 ms, and the average in this case will be 50 ms, then the jitter will be 100-50 = 50, 50-1 = 49. A deviation of 49-50 ms for voice transmission is unacceptable.

The packet loss rate can be easily checked using the built-in ping utility, which sends a specified number of hosts to a specified server or IP address and returns information about the response. To check it is necessary:

  • enter “cmd” or “command line” in the Windows search bar;
  • enter ping server address or IP address;
  • press the “Enter” key.

By default, the utility sends 4 packets, 32 bytes in size. However, in some cases, this check will not be enough to identify a connection problem. To do this, you should run its advanced version, in which you can see the percentage of packet loss. In this case, type the following on the command line:

where.t. means uninterrupted sending of packets, which the user can interrupt independently by pressing the key combination “CtrlС”.

Additional Tips

In order for IP telephony to work smoothly, it is necessary to follow some recommendations:

  • It is advisable to use only a wired connection to achieve the best communication quality.
  • Allocation of a separate band of the Internet channel for a virtual PBX, since SIP telephony is very sensitive to the quality of the Internet connection.
  • Using a static external IP address to connect to the network.
  • Use SIP hardware phones for communication whenever possible.
  • A backup internet channel is recommended.

The values ​​of the above parameters guarantee the high-quality operation of cloud telephony. If any of them deviates from the norm, or there is another problem that you cannot solve on your own, then you need to contact a technical support specialist of the Internet provider.

What Internet speed is needed to watch IPTV and how to improve performance

Users are often interested in what Internet speed indicator is needed for IPTV broadcasts. This is important so that the video does not freeze, does not slow down, and the viewing is enjoyable. Several factors are at play here. This is the speed guaranteed by the provider. Specific parameters (resolution, frame rate) of the channel. The type of connection, the presence of other connected devices on the network are also important. Let’s find out what and how affects this indicator.

What Internet speed is needed to watch IPTV

IPTV is a technology designed for stable, high-speed data exchange over the network. Otherwise, a clear picture, detail, quick change of plans will not be seen. There will be problems with buffering, the videos will slow down. If you do not delve into the nuances of the resolution, the frame refresh rate of the broadcast, then you can proceed from the requests for streaming video set by the developers.

Speed, Mb / s Comment
Up to 2 Doesn’t fit. Problems loading, updating pages (especially with media content).
Up to 7 The minimum allowed limit. You can already watch the video, but so far only in a certain quality.
7 to 14 Full HD viewing without limits. For 2K broadcasts, there is a high likelihood of difficult buffering.
14 to 45 Suitable for videos with standard screen refresh (30 fps). Any formats with this indicator are available.
Up to 100 You can watch everything without restrictions. Including high-definition 4K videos at frame rates up to 60 fps.

It remains to determine what your Internet service provider (and tariff plan) offers, as well as what kind of broadcasts you are going to watch.

How to increase your internet connection speed

First you need to find out what the provider offers. By default, companies advise on the minimum requirements for streaming video in advance. Ignoring them or not bothering to study, the user will inevitably face problems when watching IPTV broadcasts.

To stabilize, increase the speed of data exchange, you can do the following:

  • Check the type of connection. Wi-Fi predictably cuts up to 30%. If technically possible, it is better to switch to cable.
  • Check the number of subscribers (devices) present in the network. Those who are currently downloading videos are watching the video.
  • Make sure that the equipment (router, PC, Smart TV) supports IPTV broadcasting, its parameters.
  • Change tariff to productive.

The last point requires implementation as a last resort. Although, if you are sure that nothing else will work, you can start with it. It also doesn’t hurt to preload one of the free speed measurement utilities. And then it will be immediately clear where to look for the cause. There are also online checkers that do not require installation, which immediately show the result.

How to improve your network connection speed

If the problem is not resolved, then you may need to look for other ways. For example, talk to the managers of the telecommunications company to find out what is the reason for the disconnection. Also, it will not be superfluous to check the settings of the PC, TV receiver, smartphone on which viewing is carried out. Perhaps the problem lies in them.

In the case of a PC or laptop, it doesn’t hurt to run a malware scan. Even outdated virus databases affect internet speed. When using a wireless connection, select the best coverage area. This is done manually, moving around the room or using special software.

And remember! Miracles do happen, but rarely. If the TV does not technically support high-definition streaming video, then neither the new tariff plan nor high-speed Internet will help.

How to increase your internet connection speed

To increase the speed of your connection to the Internet, you first need to determine what is the reason for such low values: if the matter is in a cheap package of services, then only connecting a more expensive package will help.

But it will assume that the speed declared by the provider is 100 Mbit / s, and your TV still has problems from time to time due to low network bandwidth. Then we can advise you to do the following:

  • If the TV is connected via Wi-Fi, then connect using a cable.
  • In the event that the previous option is inconvenient for some reason, then you can try to fine-tune your router directly. Here you can advise to increase the channel width, choose a more universal type, switch to a channel with a higher ordinal number.
  • If you have many consumers connected to the router at the same time, then disconnect those that you are not using at the moment.
  • Try updating your TV to the latest current firmware.

Is Your Internet FAST Enough?

If all of the above did not help, then we can advise you to purchase a router of a higher quality, or update its firmware to the latest.

What determines the speed

So, what can the speed of the Internet connection with our TV depend on? Here are the most common reasons for low speed, while the provider declared it to be higher:

  • When using a router, the speed is influenced by other consumers connected to the network: computers, smartphones, TVs, etc.
  • The power of the hardware on the server itself, from where you get the data. As a rule, large companies provide good bandwidth for their services, but little-known companies may experience problems when connecting a large number of users at the same time.
  • Insufficient capacity of the internal Wi-Fi receiver when using this Internet connection method.
  • If your TV does not have a built-in Smart TV function and you are using a set-top box with Android TV, then the reason may be low-quality components or software.
  • There may be a banal load on the provider’s equipment during peak hours, which causes the speed to drop. In general, it is better to first check the speed of your IP connection using special services.

What internet speed is needed for Smart TV

Thanks to the advent of Smart TV technology, the TV has received ample opportunities to provide various multimedia and interactive functions for its users. Therefore, when buying a device with Smart TV, we count on high-quality and hassle-free use of its capabilities.

Unfortunately, there are cases when, when watching a video or using an application, it freezes or closes altogether. Very often this happens due to the fact that a higher speed of the Internet connection is needed than our equipment or provider can provide.

To help understand the question of what Internet speed is needed for Smart TV, what it depends on, and what are the ways to increase it, and our article is intended.

What Internet speed is sufficient for Smart TV

The answer to the question about a sufficient minimum Internet speed for comfortable use of the capabilities of our Smart TV primarily depends on what kind of content we are currently watching. After all, it is logical that watching videos in Youtube or TV shows in HD quality on our TVs requires a different width of the Internet channel due to the different amount of information received.

Let’s see which values ​​of the minimum connection speed are considered necessary for any comfortable Smart TV operation:

  • The minimum value for the ability to use the simplest features of Smart TV is considered to be a speed of at least 1 Mbit / s.
  • To watch videos, for example, in Youtube in 360p, 480p or 720p quality, at least 2 Mbps is required, for 1080p or Full HD quality you will need 4 Mbps and higher.
  • If you are going to watch videos, movies or TV in HD quality, then you need 7 Mbps or higher.
  • In the case of online viewing of 3D movies, you need to provide a speed of at least 10 Mbps

It would seem that in the modern world, bringing the Internet to your house at a speed of 100 Mbit / s is not a problem. Most often, especially in large cities, such a speed is included in tariffs with a minimum payment. However, all the same, periodically, the image on the screen may freeze or load for several seconds every 5 minutes. To understand why this is happening, go to the next paragraph of the article.

Of course, it’s a shame when buying a brand new Samsung TV to run into trouble trying to take full advantage of the Smart TV option. We hope that our article will help you, if not avoid them, then find the right solution and you will already fully experience the benefits and convenience of using a modern TV at 100%.

How much speed do you need?

Most smart home devices don’t require a very fast connection. For example, thermostats and light bulbs only need network access to receive commands from the phone or control panel, so there is no continuous data transfer.

However, there is one exception to this rule, calls and other smart cameras that upload photos or video files, therefore, will consume a considerable part of Internet traffic.

But even without cameras, you need to consider the total number of devices simultaneously active in the house, including smartphones and computers. Although smart devices do not use a lot of traffic individually, large amounts can damage the connection and slow down other devices.

Tip: Add about 5 Mbps to the calculated data plan speed for every ten smart devices and another 5 Mbps if you plan to install cameras. This should give a good starting point.

What Internet speed is needed for a smart home?

Smart devices can bring a new level of convenience, pleasure and security to your home. But taking into account all the requirements that a modern user places on Internet connections, you should ask yourself whether your network can cope with connected smart devices.

In fact, smart homes are not as network-intensive as they seem. Let’s consider what a “smart home” is, what speed is needed for it, and how you can effectively use the benefits of smart technologies.

What is a smart home?

Smart House. it is a fashionable term for defining a home with everyday appliances connected to the Internet that make life much more comfortable and interesting. Typical smart devices are associated with safety, energy conservation and convenience, and most can be controlled via smart speakers with digital assistants (such as Alexa).

With enough of these devices in place, all sorts of functions in your home can surprisingly start working together. for example, you can turn on the lights and set the thermostat to the desired temperature before returning home. These benefits can be enjoyed even in rural areas or in places where there is no high-speed wired connection through technologies such as satellite Internet and mobile hotspots.

Popular among smart home devices are:

  • IP cameras
  • Door video calls
  • Thermostats
  • Door locks
  • Smoke detectors
  • Light bulbs
  • Smart speakers and digital assistants

How to get the most out of your internet connection?

You can reduce the use of the Internet by smart home devices by reducing the number of connections. For example, you can configure cameras to record low-resolution video. In addition, some devices include settings for the frequency of access to the Internet.

You can also contact your provider and try to conclude a deal at a higher speed. Sometimes they have special offers that are not advertised, but if you call and consult, you can be pleasantly surprised. If other available options are possible, it is worth switching to a new provider that offers a suitable solution for an acceptable monthly fee.

If you want to diversify your life with a couple of smart gadgets, or even turn your home into the house of the future, you have a lot of options. And with the increasing speed of the Internet and relatively low requirements for smart devices, it is even easier.

Equipment setup

Choosing Internet Speed ​​for Home

0.5. 2 Mbps
Now this is the lowest speed of Internet access, which can most often be found on bad or long ADSL lines, as well as quite rare SHDSL lines. In this case, you can more or less normally browse sites, but loading “heavy” graphic content can take a lot of time. It is rather difficult to watch videos from Youtube and other video hosting sites in real time. Videos can be watched normally only after waiting for most of it to load. Also, the recoil on all ADSL lines is in this range.

9 Mbps
Low speed typical of most ADSL lines. In principle, it is enough for comfortable viewing of most Internet pages and even tolerable enough viewing of YouTube.

30 Mbps
The average value of the speed at which, today, data is downloaded from many sites and portals around the world. According to the Speedtest website, 12.2 Megabits per second is the average Internet speed in Russia in 2018. You will easily communicate on social networks, look at photos and surf the global web. This is enough even for normal HD video content. Feel free to choose a similar tariff if you need the Internet to communicate with friends through instant messengers and social networks (including via Skype), read news and watch videos on your favorite YouTube channel.

60 Mbps
Good access speed, suitable for very comfortable surfing with any video content, including even Youtube in Full HD quality. Downloading a regular 1.5. 2 GB movie via torrents takes 15-20 minutes. These values ​​are currently the average for 4G mobile Internet (LTE). The most optimal price / quality ratio for home and even games. This bandwidth will be enough for games, videos and normal browsing of sites for the whole family.

100 Mbps
High speed. Now in this range there are more expensive tariffs from providers throughout Russia. This is the choice of a computer geek, obsessed with downloading everything in a row, or a gamer who is afraid that he will not have enough channel for a comfortable game. Well, or for those who want to watch a lot of YouTube videos in 4K quality, and even from several TVs at once. I do not see a real need for this speed for a home, although de facto, this speed will be the most sold in the next couple of years.

Over 100 Mbps
To be honest, I, as a very active Internet user, do not quite understand why such a speed is needed now for home Internet. If only you want to “show off” in front of your friends, or you just have nowhere to put your money.

Did it help? Recommend to friends!

Blog about modems, routers and gpon ont terminals.

Basic terms

Incoming speed. Download. the speed of downloading data from the Internet to a computer or other gadget.

Outgoing speed. Upload. the speed of uploading data from the computer to the global network.

Ping (from the English. Ping). Delay. the time in milliseconds during which the packet sent from your computer reaches the test node on the Internet and returns back. This is the main show of the quality of the channel for those who need the Internet for games.

Peak. the maximum value of the speed during its measurement.

All measurement results of special sites and in test utilities are given in Megabits and are designated as Mbps. or Mpbs. At the same time, various download managers and torrent clients can display the speed in Megabytes (MB / s or MBps). It should be borne in mind that 1 Byte is equal to 8 bits.

Average. the arithmetic mean of the speed obtained as a result of the measurement.

And yet, you should always take into account that each provider uses its own trunk channels, and sites, portals and online games have their own. The congestion of these channels, the congestion of the servers themselves and much, much more can have a very strong influence. Therefore, the speed of access to any resource on the network or ping to it may differ significantly from provider to provider. Due to these circumstances, active gamers sometimes change several telecom operators in turn in search of the perfect connection.

What normal internet speed should be for home

I think every active user of the global web wondered what the normal speed for a home Internet should be in order to be comfortable to use and not overpay to the provider. Of course, everyone has their own needs and requirements, which means that it would be foolish to advise one thing. for someone, 1-2 Megabits per second is enough for surfing, and for someone, 100 Mbps is not enough for games and HD video. Many years ago, when I worked in technical support, we honestly advised subscribers one or another tariff, based on their wishes. Time has passed and now, from the side of providers, there is a tough imposition of high-speed tariffs, and even in a package with television. Therefore, there is no need to expect any adequate advice from the operators. I will try to fill this gap and tell you how to choose the right Internet access speed for your needs.

What normal internet speed should be for home: 7 comments

Private sector. GPON. There was a package (Internet TV phone) with a speed of 300 Mbps. And the provider is smart…. was, until it was bought by the rotten Domra? Now, alas, the same package, only with a speed of 100 Mbit, is offered for the same price for which the previous provider used to give honest ones! 300 Mbps. The package of services where the Internet remained 300 Mbit began to have a very horse price tag, and today it is available to slightly more than 0.01% of subscribers.
Therefore, for me, for example, the difference between 100 and 300, alas, is a little more than obvious. And alas, it is not in favor of 100. ?

Well, again, this is if you really use these 300. In fact, there are only a few who use even 100 megabits for 100%.

Everything in our world is moving forward. I myself have now connected 600mbit, I’m not complaining. Now all industries are developing, HD broadcasting, fhd broadcasting, 4K TV or streaming services. Music, video, photo. Previously, they said why there are already gigabytes of memory in the phone, but now 128 are here, and this is not enough for someone. Everything is growing exponentially, including the consumption of information.
A few more years, and 600 Mbps and more will no longer seem like a surplus.

Thank you for the interesting information!
I think every active user of the global web wondered what normal speed for a home Internet should be so that it is comfortable to use and at the same time does not overpay to the provider.

Well freaks High speeds are needed so that everyone and at the same time in the family can watch YouTube without stress, download and upload something, including from cloud storage, and so on, watch IP-TV, and so on. And all this without looking back at each other can be safely done Simultaneously only in the case of a wide channel, that is, sufficient speed, which will be enough for everyone during the peak entry! And if you live alone, you don’t have home web servers, you don’t have online TV, etc., at least gadgets and one laptop, then 20 Mbps is above the norm, or even all 10 for the eyes.

in my opinion: 100 or more mb / s is needed not only for people who download a lot from torrents and steam, but also for cloud gamers it is very necessary.

In general, now for online games, 20-30 megabits are usually enough.