Why does the Windows 10 laptop not see a hard drive or an external SSD on USB. what to do?

Almost every person for entertainment or work uses a personal computer. In addition to PC, many computer devices have been developed that complement or expand its capabilities. The information used by the user, if necessary, is stored on the hard drive of the computer. Today, a fairly large number of ways to store data is known not only on the hard drive of a computer or laptop, but also on memory cards, flash drives, external SSD discs.

Thanks to portable memorable devices, an important information for the user will be stored in a safe place and, if necessary, can be used. External HDD and SSD discs have recently been especially popular. They are comfortable and easy to operate. But often unforeseen situations occur and users are faced with the fact that the laptop does not see the connected disc via USB or through the so.called “sleds”. What to do in this case? What are the ways to solve the problem?

By the way, on wifika.ru, we have already analyzed the problem when Smart TV does not see a USB flash drive, you can also read.

How to “enable” the second hard drive or SSD in Windows

Everything that we will need to correct the problem with a disk that is not visible is the built.in “disks management” utility, which is present in Windows 7, 8.1 and Windows 10.

To start it, press the Windows R keys on the keyboard (where Windows is the key with the corresponding emblem), and in the “execute” window that appears, disk DiskMgmt.MSC then click Enter.

After a short initialization, the disk control window will open. In it, you should pay attention to the following things at the bottom of the window: there are wheels there are the information about which the following information is present.

  • “There is no data. Not originated ”(if you do not see physical HDD or SSD).
  • Are there any on the hard drive of the area in which it is written “not distributed” (if you do not see a section on one physical disk).
  • If there is neither one nor the other, but instead you see the RAW section (on the physical disk or logical section), as well as the NTFS or FAT32 section, which is not displayed in the conductor and does not have a disk letter. just click on it with the right mouse button In this section, select either “format” (for RAW) or “assign the letter disk” (for the already formatted section). If there was data on the disk, then see. How to restore the RAW disc.

In the first case, click the right mouse button by the name of the disk and select the “initialize disk” menu item. In the window that will appear after this, it is necessary to choose the structure of the sections. GPT (GUID) or MBR (in Windows 7, such a choice may not appear).

I recommend using MBR for Windows 7 and GPT for Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (provided that they are installed on a modern computer). If not sure, choose MBR.

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Upon completion of the initialization of the disk, you will receive the area “not distributed” on it. t.e. the second of the two cases described above.

The next step for the first case and the only one for the second is to click on the right.button mouse in the retained area, select the “Create simple volume” menu item item.

After that, it remains only to follow the instructions of the master of creating volumes: assign the letter, select the file system (if doubt, then NTFS) and size).

As for the size. by default a new disk or the section will take all free space. If you need to create several sections on one disk, indicate the size manually (less free space), then do the same actions with the remaining non.distributed place.

laptop, does, hard, drive

Windows 10. How to Activate New Hard Drives and SSD’s Not Showing Up

Upon completion of all these actions, the second disc will appear in the Windows conductor and will be suitable for use.

The drive is not determined

If a computer or laptop does not see a hard drive in the BIOS, then the case is in the hardware. First you should check the connection cords of the device. Когда винчестер то появляется, то пропадает, с большой долей вероятности можно сказать, что дело или в шлейфе, или в разъеме подключения. To exclude this option, take another cable. Please note that you need a certain type of connector. The most popular are:

The latter is suitable if you have a solid.state drive.

laptop, does, hard, drive

Also check the connector that determines the connection of the hard drive, both on the disk and on the motherboard. Make sure they have no physical damage.

If, after replacing the cable, BIOS does not see SSD, then the problem may be in the motherboard. Connect a disk to her, in the working condition of which you are sure and check if it sees it BIOS. An alternative can be connected to a problem hard drive to another computer as an additional. If another BIOS also does not see the second disc, then the problem is in it. Then it is worth contacting specialists, because it will not work to fix it yourself.

It also happens that BIOS does not see a hard drive because the automatic recognition of a new device is disabled. This can be if you have connected a new drive with the SATA intensity. If the hard drive is not determined in BIOS, you need to go into the settings and switch automatic detection to Automatic. When leaving the bios, be sure to keep the settings!

How to enable a hard drive, if IDE is used before, and the new drive has a SATA integral? Old computers need to configure a little differently. In BIOS, you need to check the Compatible option. Sometimes by default it costs Pata Only. This allows you to use only the IDE integer. Since the disk with the SATA connector will be connected, change the settings to Sata Only.

If it happens that you connected the hard drive to another computer and it recognizes the hard drive, then it is worth taking the motherboard to the service center. If the BIOS stopped seeing a hard drive at a time when your system unit is under warranty, you should never remove the computer cover. You will suffer a seal, and the guarantee will be canceled. Therefore, you need to immediately contact the service center.

Such problems arise with an additional carrier. It is necessary to perform the same operations with him that were described above. If the hard drive in the bios is visible, but there is no system in the system, then the error is most likely software.

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Checking the correct installation of jumpers

If the jumpers on the hard drive are installed incorrectly, the hard drive may also not be determined in BIOS.

The contacts on which the jumper is installed are located in the end of the HDD, and the information about the setting of the device using a jumper is always on the sticker on the hard drive lid:

  • The first position “Master” is the main one and means that the disk the presence of two drives is the leading.
  • The Drive position changes the settings in such a way that the disk will be driven in the case of connecting the second device.

All other options are unlikely to ever come in handy for an ordinary user. Our task is to check that the jumper is in the “Master” position, and if you incorrect setting, install it in this position.

If you get tired of the laptop and it will not be economically advisable, then you can buy a new one in the Continent store. Set up your characteristics and the site will select at the optimal price.

Incorrect BIOS settings

The next factor deserving our attention is the BIOS settings. The wrong settings violate the work of the OS as a whole.

System date

If the hard drive stopped determining, then you need to watch a system date, the incorrectness of which indicates a settings failure. In this case, you need to correct the situation:

  • Enter the BIOS settings.
  • In the line “Date” and “Time” set the current date and time.
  • Save changes (in most cases the F10 key is used) and leave BIOS.

After rebooting the computer, it should start displayed, but if it is still not visible, we proceed to the next method.

Error when loading

Also, the problem may be in the prescribed manner of loading devices. Perhaps in the forefront of the list there is a non.existent floppy disk or flash drive from which the PC is trying to load. And in case of failure, there is a “Disk Boot Failure” error, or other similar errors associated with “Hard Drive”, “Hard Disk” or “Boot”.

  • You need to go to BIOS and go to the “Boot” section.
  • As the main loading device (1st Boot Priority), indicate the hard drive that is not recognized by the system.
  • We keep changes and reboot the computer.

Depending on the version of the BIOS, the type of integration may vary. In this case, you need to look for similar options with the name “Boot Device”, “Boot Option”.

Not a distributed area

It happens that due to periodic failures in Windows or systemic errors, part of the HDD disappears and becomes inaccessible. That is why the conductor simply does not see a hard drive.

  • It is necessary to go to the “Disks Management” integration, as described in the previous points.
  • Find a non.distributed part, press it with the right button and select “Create a simple volume”.
  • Immediately after the opening of the master, we click “Next”.
  • Indicate the size. It is recommended not to change the set value of Windows OS.
  • At the next step, select the letter.
  • Next, set the option “Format this volume” and indicate “NTFS” as a file system, indicate the desired volume mark, leave the rest by default and click “Next”.
  • To start the process, click “Ready”.

After rebooting the computer, the conductor will begin to see it.

However, if the data you need were on this section, you can restore it without any losses.

If a new external hard drive is not determined

In this situation, this refers to a portable drive that you only purchased and first connected to the PC. The first thing to do:

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We go in the control panel.

How to Fix External Hard Drive Not Showing Up

In the left column we move to the menu “Disks Management”. 4. We are waiting for 5-10 seconds while the configuration is updated, after which both internal and external media that are connected to a computer or netbook will be displayed. Quite often PC may not read media due to improper purpose of the letter.

It should be changed. To do this, click on our device with the right mouse button and select “Change the letter”.

BIOS settings

The system disk is invisible to the computer

If HDD is not determined, it is important to determine the priority of the load. BIOS can be set by incorrect priority of loading devices. Often this happens after changing the settings to start loading from the flash drive. Then, during an attempt to download PC, in the usual way, messages related to “Hard Disk” or “Boot Disk” appear.

The user needs to set the hard drive in first place in the BIOS settings:

  • During the download of the computer, f2 or del should be pressed to open BIOS.
  • Depending on the variety of BIOS, the menu in the intense may vary. The Boot section should be found, and the arrows must be used to control.
  • In the list of loading devices in the first place, you must put the desired hard drive.
  • Click F10 to save the setting and output. Then the computer will be loaded from the specified device.

A common reason why a computer or laptop does not see a new hard drive is the operating mode that is incompatible with IDE:

  • To replace it, you need to go according to the above method in BIOS.
  • Next, go to Advanced and find SATA settings.
  • In the list, select IDE or NATIVE IDE. Then click F10 and confirm the changes.

Now it is necessary to check the visibility of the hard disk system.

BIOS does not see a hard drive

Even if the hard drive is not determined in BIOS, the problem is the settings or their failure. Incorrect settings may appear due to user actions, and malfunctions occur for various reasons. An inaccurate system date may indicate a failure. Let’s look at how to make a hard drive visible by returning to factory settings:

  • De.energization PC.
  • Search Jamper Clear CMOS on the system board.
  • Changing the jumper from 1 and 2 contacts by 2 and 3.
  • After 20-30 seconds, the starting position should be returned, and the BIOS settings are zero.

When looking for the reasons why the computer does not see a new hard drive or already former in use, you should listen to the sounds of the system unit. With buzzing sounds of a change in power supply, the power supply is weak for the system. It is required to replace it with a more powerful one, or turn off the secondary devices.

laptop, does, hard, drive

With insufficient cooling, the hard drive overheats and ceases to be determined by the system. The problem is solved by acquiring a more powerful cooling system.

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