Simple Wi-Fi Settings Mikrotik Points for Reception
In this article we will tell you how to quickly configure the Wi-Fi point Mikrotik to receive Internet using a simplified Quick Set menu.
This instruction is suitable for all Wi-Fi Mikrotik points with the Routeros LEVEL3 operating system and higher: SXT Lite2, Sxt Lite5, Groove 52HPN, SXT 5 AC, SXT G-2HND, etc.
Settings can be performed through a Web browser or Winbox program for Windows. It is most convenient to do this through Winbox, since the program can connect to the device not only at the IP address, but also at the MAC address.
Sometimes, after resetting the device to the factory settings, she does not assign a standard IP address 192.168.88.one. In this case, you need to connect to the device at the MAC address using the Winbox program and apply the standard configuration.
The article will consider setting using the WinBox program. Setting through a Web browser is performed in a similar way.
Computer network setting
To get into the Mikrotik Wi-Fi settings, you need to configure the computer network card to the IP address from one subnet, for example 192.168.88.21.
Open Start → Management Panel → Network Management Center and General Access.
Next, go to the change in the adapter parameters.
Click the right mouse button to connect on a local network and select the properties.
Select the Internet protocol version 4 (TCP/IPV4) and click the Property button.
Select to use the following IP address, enter the IP address 192.168.88.21, Mask subnet 255.255.255.0 and press the OK button.
QOS capabilities in Mikrotik
Using QOS technology on Mikrotik, we can set the priority of traffic for important hosts and protocols in the local network. For example, if two computers simultaneously download a large file, then the speed between them can share equally or one of the computers can take a high speed for itself. Thanks to this technology, you can specify a priority host, which will allow it to be guaranteed to take most of the speed.
And you can also limit the speed. This is usually used for guest networks, limiting the maximum speed.
In addition, QOS is used for traffic sensitive to delays, for example, IP-telephony. Allowing you to maintain high.quality communication with active loads.
Types of mikrotik queues
In Mikrotik QOS, it is created using queues, which allows you to set the speed limit at the IP address, subnet, protocol, port, etc. We can limit P2P traffic or briefly increase the speed for the user (flash mode).
If the established values are exceeded, we can limit the speed in several ways:
The difference between Limit.at and Max-Limit
In addition, there are types of speed restrictions. CIR and MIR.
- CIR. If all resources are busy, then the throughput should not fall below the given value. On Routeros, this parameter is called limit.at;
- Mir. if we have resources, then we can get the indicated speed. On Routeros, this is Max-Limit parameter.
Simple Queue vs Queue Tree
Mikrotik Qos is implemented in several ways:
Each of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages. The main differences in these types are given in the table below.
|The record order is important||The procedure for notes is not important|
|One rule can be configured by incoming and outgoing traffic||One rule can only be configured one direction|
|There is a Traffic tab||There is no graphic display of traffic|
|It is possible to use marked traffic, but not necessarily||Be sure to indicate the marking of traffic|
|In cases of conflict with Queue Tree, it has a priority.||A conflict of rules with Queue Simple is possible|
The location of the logical blocks of the queue on Traffic Flow:
From the drawing of the traffic scheme, we see that the sequence of the rules is important, since the Queue Tree is first processed, and then Simple Queue. It follows that:
Simple Queue can affect Queue Tree rules.
In order not to get confused in the rules of the queues, it is advisable to use any one tool of two available.
Mikrotik Setting Wi-Fi
In the next step in configuration on Mikrotik Wi-Fi, we will create wireless networks. To do this, you need to perform thin settings of modules 2.4GHZ (Wlan1) and 5GHZ (Wlan2). Let’s start with Wlan1.
BAND. it is better not to use standard settings and remove all modes except N, T.to. “B” and “G” are already pretty outdated and have significant drawbacks, and it is not advisable to use them, given the fact that usually the 2GHZ range is pretty clogged with neighboring devices, and working in N, gives additional advantages in the fight against interference from neighboring transmitting devices.
And if there are no completely old devices requiring the GO, it is better to abandon outdated modes.
Channel Width. determines how the frequency range will be used, as you know in the range, there are 13 channels 20MHz, when using a 20MHz strip and, accordingly, the use of one channel, it is possible to connect at speeds up to 144.4mbps.
It should be borne in mind that this is not the speed of transmitting “useful” data, t.to. There is a need to transmit official data, the need for synchronization spaces, relaying damaged data packets due to interference.
In 20/40 mode, two frequency channels, the main (C) and additional (E), and the designation CE means that the additional channel is formed towards increasing the channel number in relation to the main one, and EC towards decrease, the speed of the link to 300MBPS.
It should be borne in mind that with a large number of interference, the use of 20/40 mode leads to the fact that the interference will be collected from both channels, as a result, the data transfer speed may be lower than when using one 20MHZ channel.
The “Country” field determines regional restrictions on the use of frequency channels and acceptable capacities of the transmitter. We set the latest edition for allows to use all 13 channels on power up to 20DBM (100 MW) for each of the 2x MIMO channels.
The number of MIMO channels can be found by the documentation for your router model.
SSID. wireless network identifier.
Security Profiles. select a previously created security profile.
After turning on “Advanced Mode”, settings will be available that will allow you to more subtly configure the parameters of the wireless network.
We turn on “WMM Support”, can be used to set priority over “conventional data” for VOIP voice traffic, video traffic, as well as non.guaranteed delivery traffic from devices that do not have the QOS mechanism.
This mechanism provides the network packages of multimedia applications on conventional network data packages, allowing multimedia applications to work more stable and with fewer errors.
Apple products are very sensitive to the WMM Support settings.
If your provider uses the Multicast IP TV, then the “Multicast Helper” setting up, the Full will allow you to watch a multi-stroke video stream through a wireless network.
Due to the features of the structure of multi-stroke traffic, it should be avoided by using it through a wireless network, t.to. This is very consumed by the frequency resource of the channel, due to the need to send many small data packets, which leads to an excessive increase in official traffic.
Mikrotik Setting Channel Wi-Fi
On Mikrotik, when setting up the Wi-Fi channel, it is not recommended to put its number in AUTO, but select the least uploaded using the FreQ menu. Usage ”from the menu on the right side of the integse settings window.
It is worth noting that when the start button presses, all customers connected to the WLAN1 integration (from the example in the image below) will be disconnected. This should be taken into account when wirelessly connecting to the router.
HW. Protection Mode Protection from the “hidden node” avoids mutual jamming of several wireless devices and reduce the likelihood of simultaneous data transfer and collisias, if the devices “see” the access point, but do not “see” each other and the point synchronizes the operation of devices connected To her.
Adaptive noise immunity this parameter allows the microcircuit, to filter the noise, for example, the reflected signal of the access point from objects nearby.
Disconnect Timeout determines the reaction rate to make a decision on the “marriage” of wireless connection in case of group data transmission errors. The value of this setting allows you to work more stably by Apple technique.
Mikrotik Wi-Fi power settings
Wi-Fi signal power settings on Mikrotik is installed on the TX Power tab.
It should be borne in mind that the high level of transmission power does not guarantee high data transfer and range.
In the conditions of many interference and complex re.reference of its own signal, high power, will aggravate the situation.
It is necessary to take into account the capacity of customer equipment, t.to. Even if, thanks to the high power of the transmitter, the client device will be able to accept its signal, and will not be able to shout in response, the situation will turn out that the phone shows a good signal, but cannot connect, as a result, the conclusion about “bad” microtics.
We expose clearly the maximum power of the transmitter 20DBM.
Mikrotik access point: Setting Wi-Fi 5GHZ
On Mikrotik, the Wi-Fi 5GZ setting occurs by configuring the WLAN2 integer. The principle itself is the same as described for the range 2.4GHZ.
In this article, we studied how to configure the Mikrotik access point operating in two ranges (2.4, 5GHZ). They also showed how to choose the right channel, increase the power of the Wi-Fi signal, track the quality of the connection between the client and the access point. What parameters must be taken into account if there are apple manufacturer equipment.
I hope this article was useful to you.
You can learn how to configure Mikrotik from scratch or systematize existing knowledge in an in.depth course in administering Mikrotik. The author of the course, the certified Mikrotik coach Dmitry Skoronov personally checks laboratory work and controls the progress of each of his students. Three times more information than in the vendor program of MTCNA, more than 20 hours of practice and access.
Mikrotik basic settings from scratch using Winbox
As mentioned earlier, the base setting of Mikrotik will be performed using the proprietary utility of WinBox. Launch Winbox and connect to the router at the MAC address:
Since there is no default password on Mikrotik, it should be sure to be assigned immediately after connecting.
Mikrotik Settings Wan
If you explain in your own words, Wan is the Internet. If we are talking about a router, then a connector is meant where the Internet provider cable is connected. In Mikrotik, any port can be assigned for WAN, but we will configure the connection with the provider on the first port (Ether1).
In Mikrotik, the Internet setting begins with the fact that we need to determine the type of connection provided by the provider. Such information is prescribed in the contract.
This is a data transfer protocol. Today, it is rarely used by providers to provide their services, giving way to more reliable and modern types of connections.
Let’s configure the PPPOE client for connecting to the provider:
On the Dial Out tab, we will configure the connection by indicating our data:
- Login and connection password (these data can be taken from the contract with the Internet provider).
- Use Peer DNS. If we want to specify our DNS server, you need to remove the checkmark from this point. In our example, we will use the DNS provider, so we will leave this field unchanged;
- Add Default Route. the default route will be registered automatically;
Wan Settings: Dynamic IP
This type of tuning Mikrotik connection for Internet access is considered the simplest, since all the necessary network values are assigned automatically. We just need to create a DHCP client and indicate it an integer. This is done as follows:
In this setting, the WAN connection Ether1 Interais will receive network settings automatically from the provider. If we want to specify our DNS servers, then you need to remove the box from the “Use Peer DNS” item.
If we did everything correctly, then our IP will display in the IP Address field and the connection status (status) will change to the Bound value (connected). The Internet connection has been established.
Do not forget that if the provider has a binding to the MAC address of equipment, then even the correct implementation of all these actions will not give a result. After the setting is completed, you need to call the provider and “tie” the router.
Settings WAN: Static IP
Mikrotik Internet setting with a static address. With this type of connection, we get the main network settings from the provider and set up the WAN connection manually. For clarity, imagine that we received the following connection parameters from the Internet provider:
Starting a low-budget WISP using Mikrotik
Please note that the subnet mask can be indicated in the full format, as shown in the figure above. And abbreviated: 172.16.13.25/24.
The next step in the configuration, add a gateway (Gateway), it is also called the “default route”. To do this, we will open:
We indicate the DNS of the server of the provider or the famous public DNS (for example, Google: 8.eight.eight.8, 8.eight.four.4) with which the transformation of IP addresses will be performed into domain names. Let’s open:
Add WAN to Interface List
In order for further tuning to the microtics to be universal regardless of what type of WAN connection you use, add a WAN-integer to the new Interface List.
Create a new Inte Weist with the name “ISP”:
If the type of connection is pppoe, then this connection must be added (pppoe-out.
At this stage of setting up the Mikrotik router, access to the Internet on the device itself should appear. You can check this by launching the terminal (New Terminal) and interview some global network node, for example Ya.ru:
We see the response time of the node, which means that the Wan setting is correctly performed and Mikrotik enters the global network.
Mikrotik Lan settings
In the next step of the Mikrotik base settings, we will combine ports and wireless adapters into one local network, configure automatic receipt of the main network settings and allow this network to access the Internet.
Bridge Inte Wee
To combine ports and Wi-Fi adapters into a local network, it is necessary to create an Bridge integration. Let’s see how to do it:
Add all the ports (except WAN) and wireless adapters to the Bridge1 integer, as shown in the figure above. At the end of the setup, we should be as follows:
Setting IP internal network (LAN):
We will appoint 12 segment for the internal subnet and the internal address of the Mikrotik 192 router.168.12.254:
Creation and configuration of a DHCP server
DHCP Server (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network protocol that dynamically assigns the values necessary for working on the network: IP address, subnet mask, gateway, etc.
We will indicate the Inte Week on which the DHCP server will work (Bridge1). We assign the address space of the local network.
What needs to be done after setting up Mikrotik
Mikrotik basic setting for the Internet is over. We set up WAN connecting to the provider, configured the local and wireless network, and set up Firewall and NAT.
I would like to give a few recommendations that will increase the safety and reliability of the Mikrotik router.
Create a new user
The creation of a new user with a unique name and a complex password will be an additional protection against attacks.
Then turn off the system account.
Disconnect unused services
If you are not going to configure Mikrotik through a web-intese, Telnet and the like, that it makes sense to turn off these services, as they can carry a potential danger.
Thus, we left the opportunity to connect by SSH and Winbox.
Configure the correct time
It is important to configure the correct time for several reasons:
To synchronize time on Mikrotik, there is a built-in SNTP client.
Disconnect the Mac-Telnet service and MNDP protocol
MNDP is the router detection service on the network. With its help, Mikrotik receive information about each other. The protocol transfers data on the OP version and some functions that are included in the router.
However, if there are several microtics or Cisco routers on the network, then this function will be useful. Set it as follows:
We will assign him an integrated local network (LAN).
Similarly, configure Mac-Telnet.
The export of configuration
Mikrotik is configured and ready to work. At this stage, it is necessary to make a full backup of the system in RSC format.
RSC file contains the system settings recorded by commands, it can be opened in a text editor, expand on other equipment and much more.
Export is made by the command: Export File = Full. System
Where Full-System is an arbitrary file name.
Click on the file with the left mouse button, drag it to any place of the desktop.
Mikrotik-kos prioritization by type of traffic and speed division
Good day, today we will talk about painful, namely, how to correctly divide the Internet channel so that all your users are most satisfied with.
To begin with, by tradition, like all other experts, I will send you to smoke Manuals Why? Yes, only so that you at least slightly figuratively imagine how the processes of speed division will occur. Because, as practice shows. any actions without realizing the principles of work, leads only to a bunch of questions, lost time and an evil accountant, well, or the director, who, through your fault, did not open a page with tanned blondes this morning 🙂
A wonderful article by Kuzmitsky Alexander. Divide the Internet or QOS by Mikrotik read ten times, until you understand, if you don’t understand. read again.
A good but not finished presentation from Megis (Megis), well, its translation from White_crow for what much thanks to him Qos_megis.pdf qos_megis_ (Russian_translate_by_white_crow_rev.2).PDF
This presenter contains an error, read more about it in the next dock.
Russian version Mikrotik wiki http: // wiki.Mikrotik.COM/Wiki/Guide: queue_ (Queue) now you need to spray saliva now and say that you know everything, take a closer look, especially in the commentary, discover a little new, especially where SRC-NAT is and why it is wrong because of it. Outgoing speed is cut.
Well? Read? A bunch of questions has already appeared? Having rummaged through the Internet, it was revealed that the administrators of the microtics have a number of similar problems and issues related to QOS as a whole, the priority and cutting of traffic, which, in principle, the same thing. However, as a rule, these are either unfinished articles or forum branches thrown at the most interesting place. The main goals, problems and questions in them are as follows:
- How to divide the speed equally between users?
- How to increase the priority of a certain type of traffic?
- How to highlight the priority to a specific user?
- How to reduce the priority of torrents and other P2P traffic so that the torrents do not score the canal, but if the channel is free, give all the speed?
- How to make a quick response to certain resources?
- How to divide users into groups with different priorities?
- How to reduce priority to slopes so that the Internet pages are quickly opened?
- How not to limit the speed of internal (regional resources) if they come on the same channel?
- Why does the sheep does not give out full speed?
Having read and thought a little, I came to the conclusion that it would even be very to come up with anything, something is so universal, easily scalable, and extremely usable for the administrator. After a couple of days, a plan of implementation came to mind, and after a week everything was already ready.
Divide priority traffic. Barrow on the Internet, came across warnings, they say, P2P is hard to mark, Skype too. In general, prioritization according to the type of traffic is not a very good idea on microics.
The golden words were embarrassed that we cannot control the incoming traffic that falls from the Internet, t.to. He has already come to our incoming integration. But these words have a reservation. yes, we cannot control what has already arrived on the Inte Wee, but we can delay this traffic thereby due to the control fields of the packages that will come with delays, we can inform the server that our client cannot so quickly Accept data. As a result of which the server will send packages a little slower.
So, the question is closed, the separation of the traffic in priority to be!
A balanced decision was made: “If it is not possible to mark low.priority traffic, we will mark all the traffic as a low.priority, and then reinforce and pull out a highly priority from this heap”
For the separation of traffic, four groups (classes) of traffic were adopted:
Class-a.has the highest priority, and will be missed at the first of all. Class-D.It has the lowest priority and will be passed only in case of non.higher class unnoticed.
Separation of a common flow into user groups with different priorities. Here, in principle, there were no questions as such. It was decided to make 5 groups of users with a different priority, the priorities of the queues were overlapped so that the traffic of the high.class of the lower group could compete with the traffic of the upper group of the middle or low class. As a result, five groups:
Group-a-has the highest priority, customers of this group distribute the queue among themselves equally according to the above classes. Group-E-has the lowest priority, customers of this group distribute the queue among themselves equally according to the above classes. If groups with a higher priority completely take the entire limit, this group will be able to transmit only high.class traffic, according to the theory of probability and the law of meanness. this group will not be able to transmit any traffic at all, until the channel becomes more free, so for all groups it is worth installing the Limit parameter.At which will give some guarantee that people, at least ICCAs will work.
As a result, we get a tree, on the left names, on the right are priorities:
Group-A Class-A 1 Class-B 2 Class-C 3 Class-D 4 Group-B Class-A 2 Class-B 3 class-C 4 class-D 5 Group-C Class-A 3 Class-B 4 Class.C 5 Class-D 6 Group-D Class-A 4 Class-B 5 Class-C 6 Class-D 7 Group-E Class-A 5 Class-B 6 class-C 7 class-D 8
At the points of intersection of priorities, classes of different groups, if there are traffic, will share the speed available to them. For example, Group-A Class-C Prio 3 is trying to completely score the channel
Only the following classes will receive permission to transfer packages: Group-A Class-A 1 Group-A Class-B 2 Group-B Class-A 2 Group-B Class-B 3 Group-s Class-a 3 and classes with the same priority will be divide the speed equally, classes with a higher priority take speed from classes with lower.
Performance tests (version of Routeros 6.33.5 on both devices)
As I pointed at the very beginning, the average speed between microtics in 5 minutes was 220 Mbps (according to Ping Test utility data. I will give a few more numbers. All tests took place without an uncontrollable sweater, which is shown in the very first figure.
The average speed between RB751G-2HND and equipment for HAP LITE (media player): 54 Mbit/s. It would seem. a serious drop in speed during a transit through Hap Lite. In fact, not everything is so bad: at Hap Lite, Ethernet port in the settings shows a speed of 100 Mbps. The speed between the HAP Lite and the equipment behind it ((media player) is 85 Mbps/s. Maybe someone will not suit such a fall in speed. But this channel is enough for me to show the media player to show films with NAS, the average size of which is 30-45 GB.
MikroTik wireless solutions
UPD was my first experience in creating a wireless bridge not only on Mikrotik, but in principle. And the first time I was close to the working decision. An annoying nuance intervened, taking a lot of time and nerves. HAP in the WLAN1 settings Mode’s position was installed in “Station”. After I changed it to Station Bridge or Station Pseudobridge everything was repaired. Read more about the problem and its manifestation here.
Setting Mikrotik Cap Lite as a Wi-Fi client in Bridge mode
Today I will tell you how to set up a small client point Mikrotik Cap Lite. It will connect to a home Wi-Fi and provide a local network and Internet Smart TV, which will be connected to it via Ethernet cable.
If you want to study Mikrotik, then this can be implemented using a special online course “Mikrotik equipment Settings”. All topics from the official MTCNA program are studied, and the author of the course is the official coach Mikrotik. The material is suitable for those who have been working with Mikrotik equipment for a long time, and those who did not even hold it in their hands. The course includes 162 video tutorials, 45 laboratory work and questions for self.testing with a notation. By the way, I received the MTCNA certificate here!
Entry once at Mum. I was lucky enough to receive as a gift such a thing as CAP LITE. Damn nice, I want to tell you =) a plus was still some “merch”, but this does not apply to this topic.
Let’s briefly look at the device itself. Product Code: RBCAPL-2nd Architecture: MIPSBE CPU: QCA9533 (1 core, 650 mHz)-it is for Wi-Fi RAM: 64 MB of place on Flash drive: 16 MB Temperature range: from.40 ° C up to 70 ° C Maximum consumption: 4W power: Microusb Type Ab 5V (0.2a), Poe-in 10-60V Wi-Fi: channels 2, frequency 2.4GHZ, 802.11 b/g/n the basic amplification of antennas: 1.5 dbi port Ethernet: 10/100 Mbps
According to the test results of Mikrotik itself, this device does not give out more than 98 Mbit on blocks of 1518 bytes. My tests in BTEST (UDP, Random Data) showed the following values: Receive Send Well, Both I think you can imagine
In general, the device is compact and it can be placed secretly so that it does not interfere.
CAP Lite settings I will consider connecting to my home network. Creating a home network based on Mikrotik devices: Part 1 Cap Lite should connect to the network and then work in the network bridge so that the TV can get an IP address from a router and go to the Internet.
To get started, we will connect the power through the USB port and connect the CAP Lite, a network cable to our PC. We launch Winbox familiar to us already familiar. (For those who missed: get acquainted with the WinBox integen) We find our device in Neighbors and connect to the MAC address. Update Cap Lite to the latest version of the firmware from the Bugfix branch. At the time of writing, I had version 6.40.7
Resetting basic settings Console: /System Reset-Configuration No-defaults = Yes Skip-Backup = Yes
After rebooting, we connect again to the MAC address. I additionally install the Multicast package to support it. You are not obliged to do this. Put or not put this package to decide. It can be found if you download the archive Extra Packages from the site Mikrotik. It is needed if you decide to let IPTV (IGMP) traffic inside the local network not only by cables, but also by Wi-Fi. Installation of the package is carried out by simple drag into the File List WinBox integral and subsequent reloading CAP Lite.
Setting up network intenses We open the InterFaces tab and the transition to setting up each Inte Weese we have only two inteys: Ether1 and Wlan1 will start with the Ether1 network: CONSOLE: /Interface Set Ether1 Name = “Lan1-Master”
Before moving to the Wi-Fi Wi-Fi WLAN1 integration, you need to install a password for a Wi-Fi network, to which CAP Lite will be connected. This is done in the Wireless menu: Consonal: /Interface Wireless Security-Profiles Set Default Mode = Dynamic-Keys Authentication-Types = WPA2-PSK Unicast-CCM Group-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIPRA2-CIP2-CIP2-CIPFERA “Password”
Now let’s set up Wlan1 Inte Weight: General tab for WLAN1 Inte WeeLess Interate
Why Mode = Station Pseudobridge ? To understand this, we plunge a little into each mode End of: wiki.Mikrotik.COM. Wireless Station Modes: Mode_Station Applicability matrix:
- Station is a standard regime that does not support the passage of L2 traffic. attempts to install a wireless Inte Wee in Bridge will not lead to the expected results. On the other hand, this mode can be considered the most effective, and therefore it should be used if there is no need to drive L2 traffic through a given Wi-Fi client to the final devices or services.
- Station-WDSett mode only works with Routeros access points. As a result of coordination of the connection on the AP for this station, a separate WDS integer is created. This mode is safe for passing the L2 traffic and gives more flexible administrative control at the access point to which the client is connected using a separate WDS integer, for example, you can use the Bridge inter.grid screen. In Station-WDS mode, it is impossible to connect to CAP controlled by Capsman!
- Station-Pseudobridges of a wireless connection of this mode is the same as the Station mode. It has limited support for the passage of L2 traffic using some services implemented at the access point to which the client is connected. The essence of this mode is in converting the MAC addresses for IPV4 packages. Wi-Fi Client supports the IPV4-MAC comparison table and replaces the original MAC address with his own address when sending the frame to the access point. T.e. This mode is significantly limited. Available for all protocols except NV2, and it should be avoided if possible. The use of this mode can be justified only if the access point does not support the best L2 bridge (for example, when an access point different from Routeros is used) or if only one final user device must be connected via a Wi-Fi client.
- Station-Pseudobridge-Cloneettot mode is similar to the Station-Pseudobridge mode, except that it is connected to the access point using the “cloned” Mac address-either the address configured in the Station-Bridge-Clone-Mac parameter, or the source address of the first redirected frame.
- Station-bridgeete mode only works with access points of workers running Routeros. It provides support for transparent, independent of the protocol, forwarding of traffic L2. In this mode, the access point supports the sending table with information about which MAC addresses are available and through which Wi-Fi clients. This mode is the property of Mikrotik and cannot be used to connect to devices of other brands. This mode is safe for sending L2 traffic and is a preferred regime if there is no particular reason to use the Station-WDS mode. In Station-Bridge mode, it is impossible to connect to CAP controlled by Capsman!
Setting in the Bridge menu
Add ports so that the traffic passing through the Mikrotik equipment can be transmitted further along the wired and wi-fi intese. Otherwise, our devices will only “communicate” with each other.
To do this, click on the button in the Bridge menu (the window opens as in the picture below), assign the Bridge the name and click OK.
We go to the Ports tab, click on and add the Wlan1 port in the Interface line. In the Bridge line, we select Bridge1 previously created by us. Click ok.
We click on again and create an Ether1 port:
We assign an IP address Bridge:
Menu ip = substitution Adresses = button “”, enter the address of the bridge and through the slash. The mask of the subnet. Network field is optional.
Setting in the Wireless menu
Select the Wireless menu item, open wlan1.
Wireless tab settings
The parameters of a wireless integrate are configured here:
Bridge-BS mode for connecting the point point AP Bridge-BS mode for connecting a point.
There are also modes for client stations:
Station. a mode for a client device. Station WDS. a mode for a customer device with WDS support. It is recommended to use it on the client.
The first part of the meaning, to the dash. This is the frequency of work, the second. Supported standards. For standards, it is recommended to choose the value of the ONLY-N to raise the maximum speed.
On the client device, you can choose several options for standards, for example, set 2GHZ-B/G/N, then when the tuning for BS changes, customers will be automatically reconnected.
20 mHz is standard. If more than 100 Mbps are planned and a gigabitic device is used. Then you can use the 40mHz strip.
Selected from the list or registered manually.
Network name. It is he who will be seen by subscriber devices.
The name of the device. It is most often used for stations on the side of subscribers. with the aim of their subsequent identification at the base station.
Default. Default, while only standard channels are used. You can specify one frequency, several (by dividing a comma), the range (through the dash), and you can also combine. For example, the value “2424, 2300-2500” will mean that the device first begins to search for the BS on the channel 2424, in the absence of an answer, it will go to the range 2300-2500 and will look for it on it.
802.11-a regular Wi-Fi protocol, suitable for connecting customers with laptops or USB adapters to the base stations.
NSTREME. Old Polling Protocol. If it is set in the settings, only devices that support it will be able to connect to the BS. Using a laptop or USB adapter cannot be connected.
NV2. the last corporate mushroom microtics protocol. We use it. Again, the connection will be available for devices that support this type of protocol. Using a laptop or USB adapter cannot be connected.
Any. this mode is exhibited by subscribers. Thus, the connection to the BS is ensured in any modes set on it.
Selection of available frequencies and capacities
Manual Txpower. This mode provides for the possibility of manually changing radio signal power settings.
Regulatory Domain. choosing a mode of operation with power and frequency parameters allowed for a certain country.
Superchannel. In this mode, you can change the power, as well as use all available frequencies.
With a check.out exhibited. All devices can be connected, when removed. Only those that are in the list of permitted.
Exhibited checkbox. Prohibition of the data of data between connected client devices. This setting works only in 802 mode.11 for laptops and devices without WDS support.
The showed checking hides the name of the network (the network does not appear in the list when scanning). To connect, you need to manually prescribe a name on the client device.
Settings on the Data Rates tab
If we select N-ALY mode for devices, then all the checkmarks on this tab are removed. Otherwise. We look at the settings parameters below.
We put Advanced to independently determine the best modulation by devices.
Permitted modulations for standards a and g.
Permitted modulations for official traffic.
Permitted modulations for official traffic.
Advanced tab settings
Dynamic. The distance is determined automatically.
Indoor. We set this value to transmit data indoors.
Most often, values are set.92107. You can also determine it yourself: measure the noise level and reduce this figure by 5-10 units. For example: the actual noise level.107, therefore, we set the value.100.
Time intervals through which the device will determine the level of interference.
Values from 1 to 5. The speed of the network is higher, however, for subscribers with a poor signal, communication stability will worsen (loss of packages, frequent disconect.
Values from 5 to 10. golden mean.
Values from 10 to 15. The maximum guarantee of data delivery, but in the problem network, the speed will slow down.
Based on this, it is preferable to set the average values for the base station (5-7), and the maximum is placed for the point of the point. fifteen.
A time period through which a client who does not respond to requests will be disconnected.
Settings on the HT, HT MCS, WDS tabs
If our devices use MIMO (which is desirable, since the throughput of such equipment is higher), then you need to pay attention to the appropriate antennas settings on the HT tab:
- HT TX Chains. Reception channel, ht rx chans. Transfer channel. If MIMO is used, it is best to activate both antennas both to reception and transmission (Chain0, Chain1). Of course, if the antenna is only one, then we activate one channel.
- In the HT Guard Interval parameter, we always set LONG if the standard N for external links is used.
- HT Extension Channel. This parameter is designed to add additional channels when using a strip of 40 MHz. Optimal values are set experimentally.
In the Wireless section, we go to the Security Profiles tab:
- NAME. We assign the name of the encryption profile.
- Mode. The selection of encryption mode, most often put Dynamic Keys.
- Authentication Types. Put ticks either in WPA PSK or in WPA2 PSK, or we choose both.
- Unicast Cipheres- Selection of encryption algorithm. Recommended AES, T.to. It is supported by a radio card.
- Group Ciphers. The same settings as in the previous paragraph.
- WPA Pre-SHARED KEY. Cord word for encryption type WPA. Put the same on all devices
- WPA2 Pre-SHARED KEY. Similarly, password for the type of encryption WPA2
View the connection indicators
If we all tuned it correctly, then on the Status tab of a wireless Inte Wee, you can see the parameters:
Band. Frequency and standard of operation of the point (mode)
Frequency. Channel operating frequency of the device
TX/RX RATE. Modulation of receiving and transmitting
BSSID. MAC address of the second device
Radio Name. The name of the second device
TX/RX Signal Strenght. Reception/transmission signal level. If two antennas are used, the data are summarized.
TX/RX Signal Strenght Ch0. The level of reception/transmission signal on the zero antenna (channel)
TX/RX Signal Strenght CH1. The level of reception/transmission signal on the first antenna (channel)
Signal to noise. Noise signal ratio. It is standardly believed that values from 5 to 15. low, from 15 to 30. medium, from 30 to 60. High. The larger the value in this field. all the better.