My.Keenetic.Net. login to the personal account of the ZyXEL Keenetic router
Greetings! The next technical note will be devoted to entering the settings of ZyXEL routers through a special address. Consider the login procedure itself and its options, as well as Possible problems.
If you got here by accident, just go to my.Keenetic.Net.
So, all ZyXEL models (4G, 4G II, II, Air, Extra, Giga, Lite, Omni, Ultra, Viva) have the same mechanics of entering their web configurator. To enter the router settings, just open one of the following links in your browser:
My.Keenetic.Net. symbolic, for quick memorization 192.168.1.1. digital classic, suitable for many others
It is not worth choosing here for a long time. both addresses are suitable for logging into Zyxel routers. The first is the most reliable. it works even when the IP address has been manually changed. And already on the go it is transformed into the final one. The mechanism is the same as with visiting sites: you enter the domain, and after you it will address by IP address to the server where the site is located.
After entering, the control panel often opens immediately. But sometimes a page with an authorization form opens. We enter there:
Admin. username 1234 or admin. password (may be different, see footnote below)
For reference. All data for accessing your router are indicated on the underside of the stickers.
And after that, you are already successfully sent to your personal account, where you can perform your actions. That’s all, it was not so difficult to enter the router settings. But if suddenly there are some problems, read the next section.
If it does not come
I will list here the main reasons why you can not go to the Zixel settings. By the way, this also applies to all other routers. My most common causes of this problem:
- Connection problems. If you are connected by wire. see if the connection indicator is on, is there a network on the computer, or maybe the router is simply not connected to power? If via Wi-Fi. too, everything must be connected. I mean, sometimes people just forget to connect to the router and are already trying to enter the settings.
- Reboot your computer and modem. very often helps not to understand the problem.
- Its one possible reason. the settings for connecting to another network were initially set in your system. And in this case, you can be physically connected, but located on different networks. The best solution. Get automatic settings. Actions: Right-click on the network connection near the clock. Network Control Center. Change adapter settings. And then install everything as in the picture below (the method is suitable for all versions of Windows)
- The point above will be sufficient for most of the problems. It just happens that people have special DNS servers in the same settings. For example, here’s Google 22.214.171.124. Then the digital IP address will be opened, but the domain keenetic.Net is available, because. In it, Google DNS in your network does not know)
- Check your login address. Better yet. just follow the link at the beginning of the article, everything will open fine there. Some introduce mE.Keenetic.Net or mI.Keenetic.Net. but the correct option. MY. Another mistake. They are trying to introduce the protocol http://my.Keenetic.Net or https: //. this is also not necessary. WWW. also not necessary.
- If nothing comes out at all. try signing in from another device, such as a phone or tablet. If it opens there. then the settings on the first device were out of order. If it does not come with the second one. then there is some problem in the router.
- Try resetting kinetics to factory settings.
Access from the Internet to an IP camera connected to the Keenetic
When network cameras or video recorders (hereinafter referred to as IP cameras) are connected to the Keenetic, the task often arises to organize access from the Internet to the web interface of cameras to control and view the video stream.
NOTE: Important! This manual describes the option of remote access to an IP camera, which has a built-in web-based configuration interface.
Let’s take a look at the three most popular ways to remotely access IP cameras:
The safest and most reliable way. If you have a public “white” IP address for Internet access, we recommend using a VPN connection to remotely connect to the local network of the router and access the IP camera.
Simple but insecure way. If you have a public “white” IP address for Internet access, configure port forwarding in Keenetic (sometimes they say “you need to open a port on the router” or “perform port forwarding”).
Access to the web interface of the IP camera through our KeenDNS service using a 4th level domain name. This method is applicable both if you have a public IP address for Internet access (KeenDNS in “Direct access” mode), and a private “gray” IP address (KeenDNS in “Through the cloud” mode). Please note that when using cloud of the KeenDNS service in the “Through the cloud” mode, there are some restrictions, which will be written later in the text. Also, if you have a gray IP address, you can enable the SSTP VPN server, which works through the KeenDNS Cloud service, for remote connection to local network resources, including IP camera.
Now let’s take a closer look at each option.
Access to the IP camera through a VPN server on Keenetic
To connect you will need:
IP camera Connect to the Keenetic network. In the Keenetic web configurator, register the device and assign a permanent IP address to it. Then turn on one of the VPN servers to access the local network, for example. L2TP / IPsec (recommended) or PPTP. We recommend creating a separate user (account) for the VPN connection and using a complex password.
After that, from the Internet, establish a connection to the Keenetic VPN server. By connecting to the Keenetic, you can get access to the local network, including the camera (you can get access by its local IP address).
We recommend using this method of connecting to an IP camera, because It guarantees security when transmitting traffic over the Internet.
Access to the IP camera by setting up port forwarding (forwarding) on Keenetic
To connect you will need:
To set up remote access to an IP camera, the Keenetic router relays incoming connections to a specific port or camera ports. This connection method does NOT guarantee security when transmitting traffic over the Internet. In addition, with this setting, standard ports can be opened on a router with a public white IP address, which is undesirable, since if such ports are detected by malicious bots, it can lead to abundant “parasitic” traffic or an attack on this address.
In the settings of the camera and Keenetic, disable the UPnP service. In Keenetic, it is enough to remove the UPnP Service system component.
Then set up port forwarding according to the instructions “Port forwarding”.
Create the rule (s) by selecting the interface in the “Login” field through which the Internet connection is made (in our example, this is the “Provider” interface). When using a 3G / 4G modem, select it from the list.
Since the 80th port is used by the Keenetic web configurator, and the IP camera also uses the 80th port on the web interface, set up “mapping” (substitution) of the port so that the web interface of the camera is accessible from the Internet via the second port ( in our example on port 8080).
After that, check the port forwarding to the IP camera from the Internet through the browser. In the browser Use addresses like WAN_IP-address_Keenetic: port_number For example: 126.96.36.199:8080 In the browser you should see the web interface of your camera.
Using our KeenDNS domain name service (in “Direct Access” mode), you can assign your own permanent domain name to the Keenetic. Then in the browser Use addresses like domain_name: port_number For example: myrouter01.Keenetic.Pro:8080
Access to the web interface of the IP camera through the KeenDNS service using a 4th level domain name
This method is applicable both if you have a public white IP address for Internet access (KeenDNS in “Direct Access” mode) and a private gray IP address (KeenDNS in “Through the cloud” mode).
Configure access to web applications of the local network according to the instructions “Example of remote access to home network resources via KeenDNS”. In this case, port forwarding does NOT need to be configured. Access from the Internet to the web interface of the IP camera will be possible by a 4th level domain name (for example, at camera.Myrouter01.Keenetic.Pro).
When the KeenDNS service operates in the “Through the cloud” mode, pay attention to the following:
NOTE: Important! If the IP camera transmits video using the HTTP protocol, in this case, the video transmission (image display) will work through KeenDNS. But if the IP camera for broadcasting video uses other protocols (for example, RTSP. Real Time Streaming Protocol or RTP. Real-time Transport Protocol), or the interface requires the installation of a special plug-in to support viewing images from cameras, then video transmission directly via HTTP KeenDNS cloud service proxy will NOT work. In this case, to access the IP camera, you need to use a white IP address and use the “Direct Access” mode in KeenDNS (see Method 2) or use a VPN connection for remote access (see Method 1). If the connection to the public IP address service is not possible, as an option, Use SSTP on the Keenetic VPN server to remotely connect to the local network and IP camera through the Cloud HTTP proxy.
The KeenDNS cloud HTTP proxy allows authorization when connecting to local resources using a 4th level domain name using Keenetic. This feature is described in the article: “Enabling authorization for a device with an open web interface when using remote access through the KeenDNS service”. Usually it is used to enable authorization on devices, rather than having their own authorization by login and password. But if configured in this way, you first need to go through authorization in Keenetic, and then in the web interface of the camera itself, i.e. Enter username / password twice for additional protection.
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Setting up an IP camera via a router
For many users, it becomes necessary to organize access to the camera via the Internet in order to organize their video surveillance system for security or for some other purpose. It is not difficult to connect and configure an IP camera, the main thing is to comply with all requirements and recommendations.
An IP camera is a digital video camera in which the transmission of a video stream is carried out in digital format over an Ethernet network that uses the IP protocol. Each IP camera on the network is identified by its own IP address.
IP camera location
Many users who have independently connected an IP camera are not always happy with the result. The camera may be distorted (the image slows down, the sound-voice sync is broken). Let’s consider the process of connecting and configuring an IP camera through a router in more detail to avoid such troubles.
First you need to choose the right place where your ip camera will be installed. If you need to attach it, for example, under the ceiling to provide the best view of the room, then you need to check if a signal can come from there (for a wireless IP camera). Take your laptop and place it where you plan to place the camera. If the Wi-Fi connection is weak, it is not recommended to place the camera there. It will NOT work from this place Receive a constant video stream.
You should also be aware that even with the correct connection of the camera, when the signal is going well, there may still be problems with the signal. The reason, in this case, is NOT the quality of the signal, but the use of that. the same wireless channel, for example, neighbors. In this case, competition arises, and the connection of the Wi-Fi devices and the connection of the IP camera. the router happens with great difficulty.
To eliminate this problem, you need to launch the camera control interface and see if there is a signal from the second networks on the same channel. If so, then the camera signal must be switched to another network. Leave the channel the same.
Once you have installed the camera, found the desired channel and network, proceed with the camera settings for best performance. The setup process for cameras from different manufacturers may differ, but they are similar.
Connecting the camera to a router
- For wired IP camera and router. In this case, an additional UTP cable is required to connect the router to the camera.
- For wireless IP camera and router. Additional UTP cable is NOT required.
To be able to access your camera from the Internet or from a local network, for example, in the webcamXP program, you need to start a web server. Before starting the web, you need to find out the type of IP address. To organize broadcasting only on your home local network, you will NOT need to determine your IP type.
An IP address is a unique identifier (address) of a device (router, computer, etc.) connected to the Internet or a local network. The IP address is divided into internal (local) and external. External and internal IP addresses are divided into dynamic and statistical. Statistical IP addresses are addresses that are permanently assigned to a device connected to the network. A dynamic IP address is an address that is automatically assigned to a device connected to a network. Dynamic IP addresses are used for a limited period of time, mainly at the end of the connection session.
Range of IP addresses that are allocated to local networks:
- 10.0.0.0. 10.255.255.255
- 172.16.0.0. 172.31.255.255
- 192.168.0.0. 192.168.255.255
It is also necessary to know that your router connected to the Internet must have a real (external, white) statistical or dynamic IP address so that other users can access your camera from the Internet. If you have a gray IP (local IP), then you need to connect the service of a real (external) IP address.
To distinguish gray addresses, you need to view the status of your connection and find out which address is assigned to you, and then open the site http://2ip.ru/ and check it there.
In this example, the IP addresses 188.8.131.52 match, so this is a direct IP address. If the address does not match, you need to contact the provider to connect the direct address service.
The camera is connected mainly through home routers. In this case, the IP camera transmits a video stream through the router. Take TP-LINK TL-WR941ND as an example. First go to the camera and through the SETTING menu. BASIC.Network. Information, change the port number from 80 to another port. For example, let’s set port 20000.
After that, you need to forward this port on your router. Go to the PORT FORWARDING settings on your router. Different routers have their own way. For TP-LINK routers, open Forwarding. Virtual Server. In the window that opens, add a new entry, as in the example.
Here you can see that port 20000 of the router is forwarded to 192.168.1.102 (192.168.1.102. IP camera address).
Now you can enter http://184.108.40.206:20000 in the browser and you will be taken to the camera menu. Here 220.127.116.11. this is your IP address, and 20000 is the port specified for the camera and forwarded on the router. After that, you should check the readiness of the camera for full operation. The camera must transmit an image of good quality and shoot from any point where there is access to the Internet.
If you plan to operate the camera around the clock, then you may NOT need many of the additional functions of the camera. Therefore, almost all wireless cameras have a Motion Tracking function that immediately reacts to changes in the “field of view”. When passing someone. then past the camera, it immediately captures it and transmits the “correct” image almost without delay. For many cameras, an FTP camera alert function is available. In this case, information is instantly transmitted to a specific site. Different cameras have different functionality. Therefore, before configuring SEPARATE functions, you need to check the instructions and make sure that this function is supported by your IP camera. After each setting, it is important NOT to forget to save the installed functions, otherwise you will have to configure everything first.
The program can work with any device from which you can get JPEG or Motion-JPEG. To do this, go to the IP Surveillance menu. MAIN Console and press CONFIG (settings), then go to the “Cameras” tab and press “Insert”. Then register all the camera parameters by analogy, as shown in the screenshot below.
Setting up a ZyXEL Keenetic router with Step-by-step instructions
To speed up the process, manufacturers recommend using the Step-by-step instructions for connecting and configuring all parameters, protection against hacking and updating the firmware if necessary. Consider the stages of connecting a Zyxel Keenetic router (router).
Turning on the device and connecting to the local network
The device comes with everything you need for a quick connection and setting up a zyxel keenetic router at home is a snap. When using the router for the first time, you must connect it to the power supply using the supplied AC adapter.
The plug is inserted into the socket and the other end of the wire. To the POWER connector on the back of the router.
Then turn on the power button on the device. The indicator lights will light up.
Instead of a button, there may be a toggle switch. It must be set to ON.
Next, decide on the connection method. There are 2 options:
Wireless (via tablet or phone).
With a wired connection, the Internet cable. Provider must be laid to the location of the router. The snap-on connector on the end of the wire must be inserted into the WAN connector.
The supplied power cord is connected to one of the inputs of the Home Network router. The second end connects to a computer or laptop through the hole of the network card.
There are two ways to connect wirelessly.
Through the web interface. the initial steps are the same as when connecting with a wire. On a phone or tablet, open a browser and enter the IP addresses of the device. It is also indicated on the stickers below.
Via the ZyXEL Keenetic NetFriend and Zyxel My.Keenetic mobile applications. First you need to download them from the Play Market or App Store. Then, after opening, manually enter the network name and password from the label or Scan QR. Code using the camera.
Entering the router settings, entering the login and password. Factory reset
The information placed on the stickers below will help to enter the device settings.
Access address for router settings;
The standard name of the network;
The access address is entered into the browser search bar. Pressing the Enter button will open a window with two buttons:
When you first log in, by selecting any button you will need to enter your username and password. The login is standard. Admin.
You must come up with a password and enter it twice. You will need it to enter the settings later. It is better to remember it, or even better to write it down.
After completing THESE steps, you can select the Quick Setup mode. A window will open asking you to enter your login and new password. After authorization, following the Step-by-step setup instructions, you can complete.
If, when trying to enter the settings through access addresses, the login or password does not work, it is possible that other configuration parameters have already been set to the device. In this case, you need to reset the settings to the factory settings. You will need a thin sharp object (for example, a needle), with which you need to hold and hold the RESET button on the back panel for 10-30 seconds.
If all the indicators went out and lit up again did not wink. Factory reset done correctly.
Setting up a ZyXEL Keenetic router via a web browser
To configure via a web browser, you must enter the device’s IP address in the address bar on a device connected to the router in any way. By default, this is 192.168.1.1. You can find it in the instructions that come with the router.
In the window you need to enter the login admin and the default password 1234. If everything is done correctly, the main menu will open with access to information in the system, services and connections.
Internet connection with dynamic IP address does not require additional configuration. You just need to connect the cable to the router and, if necessary, specify in the Dynamic IP settings. It is usually the default.
In the router settings, select the Appropriate connection type;
Specify the password and login provided by the provider;
If necessary, set static IP manually.
The procedure is the same for L2TP connection type. The type of connection must be checked with the provider before connecting.
Setting up a wi-fi network
- You can go to the wireless network settings if the Internet is already working through a router.
- If you do not configure wi-fi additionally, the name and password will be the same as indicated on the bottom panel of the router.
- To change the standard parameters in the router settings, you need to select the wi-fi network tab.
- In the window that opens, in the Access point section, specify the network name that will be used to search for it.
- Replace the existing password with a new one. It must be at least 8 characters long.
- The rest of the settings can be left unchanged. Press the Apply button to save.
Protecting the system from hacking and saving router settings
To protect a wi-fi network from hacking, you must:
Disable WPS function;
Select a reliable security type in the settings and generate a complex key using the system;
Hide the network, ticked the Enable hidden Wireless box;
Reduce the power of the transmitter so that the network covers only your living space.
The security of the router will be high if you use a complex password to enter the settings and disable the external administration function. It is also possible to change the username to enter the settings panel.
After completing all the necessary changes in the main menu window, click the “Apply” button to save the settings.
Firmware update is available in two ways.
Through the control panel
In the access settings, enter the address 192.168.1.1 and press “Enter”;
In the window that opens, specify the username and password;
In the window “Information” in the system, select the item “Updates”;
When active, the “Available” button will be named to it and download updates.
By downloading a file from the site
Go to the official Zyxel website;
Open the download page;
In the window “Your device” select the type of router;
Select the “Download files” tab on the page;
Name the button “Firmware”;
Select the available update version for the required model;
Name the link and download it to your computer;
Move file from archive to desktop;
Select the “Files” tab in the router settings and name the “Settings” icon;
In the window, click “Select file”;
Open the downloaded file on your computer and click the “Replace” button;
To confirm, click “Yes” and wait for the installation.
That’s probably all you need to know about self-configuring a Zyxel Keenetic router.
In this article we will consider the issue of choosing a set-top box for digital television. Also, our editorial staff has prepared a rating of the most popular and functional TV set-top boxes in 2020.
What TVs support digital TV without a set-top box, how to find out, a list of popular TV models that support digital.
Step-by-step instructions for connecting and setting up a digital TV set-top box to a TV with screenshots and a detailed description of each step.
By default, Keenetic Internet centers prohibit incoming connections from the Internet to computers or network devices on the home network. Suppose you have a webcam at home and is connected via Keenetic to the Internet. Computers on your home network will be able to connect to it, but you will NOT be able to connect to a webcam from the Internet without port forwarding. In this case, they sometimes say “you need to open a port on the router.” The term “port forwarding” is sometimes replaced with similar terms “port forwarding”, “port forwarding” or “port translation.” Port forwarding is part of the NAT (network address translation) mechanism. The purpose of port forwarding is to GRANT access from the Internet to services on your network using an open port.
Using the UPnP service, home network devices can themselves allow the connections they need. Upnp allows port forwarding programmatically. Torrent clients, instant messengers, game consoles, media servers and others now use UPnP. Enable UPnP service on your home network device or app. In order for Keenetic to accept settings via UPnP, you just need to make sure that the system component “UPnP Service” is installed, which will allow you to automatically configure the necessary NAT and firewall rules. You can do this on the “General settings” page in the “Updates and components” section, clicked on “Change the set of components”.
In some cases, it may be necessary to open certain ports manually. For example, to PROVIDE access from the Internet to a network attached storage (NAS) or a server (WWW, FTP, etc.) of a local network; PROVIDE remote access from the Internet to a computer on a home network, Using special services for remote desktop connection (Remote Desktop from the Windows OS, or through Radmin, VNC, etc.); perform substitution of the destination port number (port mapping) to refer to another port.
NOTE: Important! Port forwarding will only work if the Keenetic uses white (public) IP addresses to access the Internet. For more information, see the article “What is the difference between a” white “and” gray “IP address?
TIP: Tip: Before setting up port forwarding, find out which protocol and port number is used in the application, on the network device or server. Usually, this information can be found in the settings menu or in the documentation. If you do not know which port number is being used, see http://www.Portforward.com/cports.Htm for information. There you will find a list of the most popular applications, protocols and their port numbers.
Let’s consider an example of setting up Port forwarding in the Keenetic router. Suppose you need to GRANT access to connect from the Internet to your home computer via the Windows OS “Remote Desktop; RDP” application (server). In Keenetic settings, you will need to open a specific TCP / UDP port used for incoming connections. In our example, RDP uses TCP port number 3389 by default.
Register a device on your home network to which port forwarding will be performed. When registering, you need to enable the “Permanent IP address” option so that the computer on the home network will always receive the same IP. For more information, see the article “Registering devices on your home network”.
Go to the Forwarding page and click Add Rule.
In the appeared window “Port forwarding rule” Configure the rule.
Select an interface or set a subnet for incoming traffic, protocol and port, which you want to pass to the local network. Select the device or interface to which the appropriate traffic will be forwarded.
The value of the “Input” field must be specified correctly. In this field, you need to select a connection or interface through which Keenetic gets access to the Internet. In most cases, you should choose the “Provider” interface. If your Internet connection is via PPPoE, PPTP or L2TP, you need to select the appropriate connection. When connecting to the Internet via a 3G / 4G USB modem, you must specify this particular connection, and when connecting via WISP, select the connection with the name of the network to which Keenetic is connected.
In the “Output” field, select a device, connection or interface to which the appropriate traffic will be forwarded (in our example, this is a PC registered in the home network). In the “Output” field, you can select “Other device” and enter the IP address. If you select the “This Keenetic” value, the destination address will be Keenetic itself.
In the “Protocol” field you can specify a protocol from the list of preset ones, which will be used for port forwarding. If you select the value “TCP” or “UDP”, you can manually specify the port number or port range (in our example, the “TCP” protocol is used and the application port 3389 is specified in the “Open Port” field).
In the “Schedule” field, you can add a schedule according to which this rule will work.
NOTE: Important! To check if port forwarding is working, you can access the WAN interface of the router from the Internet. It can also be done from the local network, because In kinetics, the NAT loopback mechanism is enabled by default in the “Home network” segment.
Now, to connect to the desktop from the Internet, you will need to use an address like WAN_IP-address_Keenetic: port_number For example: 18.104.22.168:3389
NOTE: Important! It is not necessary to make additional configuration of the firewall, because When using the forwarding rule, the Keenetic independently opens access to the specified port.
TIP: Tip: If you need to open a range of ports, when creating a forwarding rule, in the “Rule Type” option, select the “Port Range” value and in the “Open ports” fields, enter the start and end numbers of the range. For example, to open a range of TCP ports 45000.65000, the following rule is created:
Port forwarding with spoofing of the destination port number (port mapping).
Sometimes a situation arises when you need to substitute one port number X for some other Y. Port substitution can be used in the case of blocking common port numbers on the provider’s side or when the required port numbers are already taken.
2.1. Let’s consider an example, when the RDP server works on the TCP port number 3389, and the call to it from the Internet will go to the new port number 4389. In this case, the connection entering the external WAN IP address to port 4389 will be redirected to a specific local IP address and port 3389.
In the “Open port” field, specify the new destination port (for calls from the Internet), and in the “Destination port” field, enter the real port number, which is used on the server in the local network.
NOTE: Important! When creating a rule, port forwarding will only work in the direction from WAN to LAN (from the Internet to the local network).
Now, to connect to the desktop from the Internet, you will need to use an address of the form Keenetic_WAN_IP-address: new_port_number, For example: 22.214.171.124:4389
2.2. Let’s consider an example when two identical IP cameras (with IP addresses 192.168.1.101 and 192.168.1.102) are located in the local network of the Keenetic and their web interfaces are available on port 80. You need to configure remote access from the Internet to IP cameras. In this case, we use port mapping so that the web interface of the first camera is available when accessing from the Internet on port 10101, and the second camera on port 10102.
Now, to connect to IP cameras from the Internet, you will need to use an address like WAN_IP-address_Keenetic: new_port_number For example: 126.96.36.199:10101 to access the first camera and 188.8.131.52:10102 to access the second camera.
If port forwarding does not work for some reason, refer to the article “What to do if port forwarding does not work?”.
Sometimes the task arises in the local network of the Keenetic to organize a DMZ host (this can be a web server, NVR, IP camera or other device), which has all ports open, and thus GRANT full access to it from the Internet: ” Forwarding all ports to a host on the local network (organizing a DMZ host) “.
Additional information for connecting game consoles: “Using Xbox and PlayStation 4 when connected via Keenetic”.
If you have a public white IP address for Internet access, using the port forwarding setting, you can organize remote access to a local network device: “Access from the Internet to an IP camera connected to the Keenetic“.
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Connecting an IP camera via a router
Video surveillance systems have been used for a long time. Old analog solutions were expensive and cumbersome. They required a large amount of expensive equipment, qualified specialists and had significant limitations in use. The development of digital technologies, firstly, made video surveillance cheaper. Secondly, it simplified the work with the equipment. Third, it expanded its capabilities.
IP video cameras: record and view video
IP cameras are used to organize digital video surveillance.
An IP camera is a “smart” webcam, a completely self-contained device with its own software that does not require a computer to operate.
The IP camera can record video:
- To a memory card connected directly to it.
- External source: hard drive of computer or DVR. Recording is possible on a hard disk connected to the router via USB.
- Cloud storage on the Internet.
Also, the IP camera allows you to view video in real time both on the local network and over the Internet.
Thanks to these capabilities and ease of use, the IP camera makes it easy to organize surveillance Not only in production or in the office, but also at home, in an apartment or in the country.
If the camera is intended only for recording video to the DVR or a computer performing its functions, additional equipment is NOT required for its operation. If it becomes necessary to get access to the camera via the Internet for remote viewing, then it must be connected to a router. A bundle of IP-camerasrouterinternet is the most affordable way to organize video surveillance at a remote site.
Connecting to a router
There are three ways to connect an IP camera to a router.
Via Ethernet connector
The camera is connected to the router by a LAN cable (twisted pair). This connection is the most reliable, but requires wiring. If the video surveillance system is installed in parallel with the repair, it will NOT be difficult to lay the cable so that it does not interfere and does not spoil the interior. Otherwise, you have to pull it along the walls.
This connection does not require wiring. The IP camera connects to the router over the air, via a Wi-Fi connection. But keep in mind that most home routers have a small Wi-Fi range, so this solution is suitable for small rooms where the distance between the camera and the router is small and there are obstacles between them that interfere with the signal flow. The farther from the router, the worse the signal quality and there may be problems with image transmission. In large rooms, in buildings with reinforced concrete floors and outdoors, it is better to use a cable connection.
IP cameras can be connected to a computer, DVR or router via a USB cable. In this case, the camera also receives power via USB and there is no need for a separate power source. However, this connection is limited by the length of the USB cable. Therefore, this method can be used if the camera and router are nearby.
Camera IP address
Like a router, an IP camera is a standalone network device that has its own IP address. It can be dynamic or static. If the camera’s address is dynamic and the DHCP service is enabled on the router, additional manipulations with the connection are NOT required. After you connect the camera and router with a cable, the router will assign IP addresses to the camera and it will appear in the list of network devices.
But most IP cameras have a static IP address by default. And it may NOT match your network’s address range. Then to connect the camera to the router addresses you need to change.
There are cameras that first try to obtain an address via DHCP. In case the server is not found. take a static address.
Change IP address
To organize video surveillance, you need to configure the connection of the IP camera to the Internet through a router. Connect to computer to set the desired IP address.
The IP address of the camera is indicated on the label at the bottom of the camera and in its instructions. If it is static, for example, 192.168.0.10, and 192.168.1.1 in your router, automatic connection will NOT occur and the router will not see the camera. To solve this problem, change its IP addresses.
Connect to computer
Connect the camera to a computer or laptop, after changing its IP addresses to 192.168.0.1.
To do this, click on search on the computer. In the search bar, write “control panel”. We launch the found application. In the control panel in the search bar, look for “Network and Sharing Center”.
There you can click on change adapter settings and select the connection you want. It’s easier to click on “Ethernet” for the required network right in the same window. After that we get into the status window.
In this window, click on “Properties”. In the properties window that appears, select the “IP version 4 (TCP / IPv4)” item and click on the properties button.
We select the item “Use the following IP-address”. We register the desired address in the appropriate field and indicate the subnet mask. This is usually 255.255.255.0. Click the “OK” button. The network settings will only take effect when you close the Ethernet: Properties window. After changing the settings, the “Close” button will appear on it.
Connect the camera, enter its IP address in the browser line and enter the device’s web interface.
Some cameras come with a special program, with which you can change the camera address. It may differ for cameras from different manufacturers, but the main menu items are the same. The required item will be called “Configuration” or something like that. Here you need to find the sub-item “Network” and either put a tick in the item “Use dynamic IP-address” or select “Static IP” and register the desired address there. If the IP of your router is 192.168.1.1, you can specify for example 192.168.1.25. The subnet mask is usually standard. 255.255.255.0, if you have NOT changed this parameter in the network settings of the router. If there is a “Gateway” field, write down the address of your router in it. Then save the settings.
Some cameras come with a special program with which you can change the camera address. After that, they connect to the web interface for further configuration.
Remember to reset your PC’s network card to its original settings, otherwise you will NOT be able to connect to the network!
At this stage, you can disconnect the camera from the computer and connect it to the router.
Configuring a router to access the camera via the Internet
If you have successfully completed the above steps, your camera will be available on the local network. You can work with it from any device connected to your router. However, if you want to access the camera over the Internet, you will need to make additional settings.
First you need to find out if your provider provides you with static “white” addresses. This is important to gain access to the router via the Internet.
White IP address
There are two types of addresses: real, which are called “white”. And virtual, usually called “gray”. They can be static or dynamic, but in this case it is not important. The main thing is that if you have “white” addresses, then you can connect to your router from the network directly, indicated it. If the provider distributes “gray” virtual addresses in the network, and access to the network is carried out from the general IP of the provider, then it will NOT work to find your router in the network by the IP address.
You can check what IP you have as follows. See what address is used when you connect. After that, go to any service that allows you to determine the IP from which you enter the network. For example, the site 2ip.Ru. If the IP of your connection and the IP determined by the service match, then you have a real address. If the addresses are different, then you have a virtual IP. Most ISPs provide real IP addresses for a fee upon request. Contact technical support to resolve this issue.
We will assume that you have solved the issue with the “white” address. But that is not all. Now on the router you need to open ports for incoming connections.
By default, the camera uses port 80 for connection. It cannot be changed, but if desired, it is possible to change it. To do this, go to the camera’s web interface and write any number instead of 80 in the network settings. For example, 3000. Now, to connect to it from the local network, you need to enter its IP addresses, colon and port number. That is, in the browser line you need to write: 192.168.1.25:3000, where 192.168.1.25 is the local IP address of the network WEB camera.
Now you need to perform port forwarding on the router. A separate article on our website is devoted to this topic. In it you can get acquainted with detailed instructions on how to configure port forwarding on various routers and what it is for. Here we will give a short instruction.
We are looking for the item “Port forwarding”, “Port forwarding” or something similar in the menu of your router. Specify here the IP address of your camera, the port through which there will be an external connection to it, for example 4000 and its port (by default, usually 80, but if you it was changed as described above, then 3000). After saving the settings, check the operation of the connection. To do this, from any computer connected to the Internet, go through the browser to the address xx.Xx.Xx.Xx 4000. If the login window to the web interface opens IP cameras, then the connection is configured correctly.
Please note that here we have made port forwarding for the 192.168.1.25 camera. For example, we added another camera with the IP address 192.168.1.25. External port 4001 was selected for it. Thus, xx.Xx.Xx.Xx 4000 will connect to one camera, and xx.Xx.Xx.Xx: 4001 to the second.
IP camera video recording
If you intend to operate the IP camera around the clock, in order not to record unnecessary hours of “blank” video, enable the Motion Tracking function. Then the camera will start recording only when something happens in the room.
Cameras can record to a memory card or to an external source. You can use for THESE purposes a video recorder, hard drive or USB flash drive connected to the router. The inconvenience of this method of storing data is that the storage medium is in the same room with the camera, so the data can be deleted by an intruder who got into it. In order to secure information, it is recommended to use Cloud services for data storage. Your data will be encrypted and transmitted to a remote server and stored there.
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