Recorder and system connection
Connect the recorder, you need to make sure that all devices are correctly connected to their intended connectors. For correct operation, the device is placed in a place with good air circulation and DO NOT allow it to overheat. After connecting all the components, you can supply power to the recorder.
Camera selection criteria
Cameras can be analog or digital, indoor or outdoor to suit the needs of home owners. When buying, you need to pay attention to the viewing angle and focal length of the devices. Wide-angle short-throw lenses allow you to see the general area, telephoto lenses allow you to clearly recognize individual details and people’s faces.
The quality of the picture is affected by the resolution of the camera, it is better to choose models in which this indicator is lower. Devices can be color or black and white, and also equIPped with IR illumination to be able to clearly shoot objects in the dark. The best option would be models that can be installed on the street, in a house or apartment, combine both modes and allow you to change them depending on your needs.
The main stages of installing surveillance in a private house
You can organize the system in the house on your own. Before installing the cameras, you will need to draw up a layout of the equIPment, determine the cable length and the power supply source.
During the construction of the drawing, you need a tent point for installing the devices in such a way as to eliminate dead zones. The registrars or the server are placed in places hidden from prying eyes, since this is where important data will be stored. Monitors can be installed in any convenient place.
Surveillance for a private house can be purchased as a kit that includes all the necessary parts. The standard list includes a set of cameras, a recorder, a hard drive on which the data will be stored, a power supply, and cables for connection. The main advantage of the ready-made kit is the absence of problems during installation and the presence of all the necessary parts and fasteners that will be compatible with each other.
With analog or AHD cameras
AHD devices are a hybrid version, during operation they process a digital signal and convert it to analog. This combination allows you to get a high quality picture and transmit it over long distances. Cameras of this type work using CMOS sensors, which are characterized by the presence of an increased amount of noise. This drawback can be eliminated thanks to specially designed software that removes noise and improves image quality.
Signals from analog cameras come via coaxial cables at distances of up to 500 meters, they can be increased to 700-800 meters. At the same time, there is no signal compression in such devices, so the picture on the screen will not hang like in IP cameras, which take time to digitize the image.
Laying of cable routes
If analog devices are used to organize the system, it is better to choose coaxial cables for routing, rather than requiring the use of additional adapters. For IP analogs, twisted pairs are used to reduce the effect of electromagnetic interference. Laying the line should be started from the points farthest from the recorder, and then connect nearby objects, calculate the cable length with a margin. This process can be open or closed, in the first case, the wires are placed on supports or along the fences, in the second they are laid underground or inside the walls in Corrugated pIPes.
Popular surveillance system options
Home surveillance in a private house can be organized using analog or digital cameras. Both types have their pros and cons, which must be considered in advance.
The need to install surveillance in a private house
A full-fledged installation of surveillance in a private house is a necessity, because the safety of property and health of residents depends on its presence. In addition, cameras located near the building and on the site will help to get evidence in case of any illegal actions of third parties.
Most often, devices are installed on the street, for example, around the house, around the perimeter of the territory or near the gate.
Installation of cameras does not contradict the requirements of the law, if the angles of their view DO NOT affect the areas of neighbors.
Features of tracking systems
Most often, for private houses, street or outdoor surveillance systems are organized. They can be combined with internal tracking systems, if available, or made completely independent, in which case they will need a separate monitor and recorder. Such systems include a certain number of cameras, a device for storing and recording data, equIPment for power supply and a screen on which the image will be displayed.
Wireless surveillance systems operate using technologies using Wi-Fi, 3G or GSM. Their equIPment includes cameras in the required number, a signal receiver, a recorder, a control panel, as well as a set of routers and routers. During operation, the recorders transmit signals and images from cameras directly or via a receiver to the Internet or to a telephone. This type of system has many advantages, including independence from external sources, remote control, the ability to view information from mobile devices, and much more.
So, how is the meter installed? You need to start by digging a well. Usually for this Dig a hole 1.2 × 1.2 m deep 1 m. There is one very important requirement that concerns the correct operation of the water meter in winter. It is important that the temperature in the well does not drop below 5C, so you need to think about how to insulate the well. Considering that the Well structure will be faced with bricks or blocks, plus, you will have to lay heat-insulating material, you will have to expand the pit itself under the well to dimensions: 1.7 × 1.7 × 1.3 m.
Brick well wall construction
True, you will have to take into account the level of the pIPe, which is a branch from the main water pIPeline towards the house. That is, the depth of the pit can be deeper. In any case, the distance from the bottom of the pit to the pIPe does not have to be less than 10 cm. It should be borne in mind that the bottom of the well will have to be concreted, since a solid foundation is needed under the walls of the structure. The thickness of the concrete screed 10 cm is sufficient, because the loads on it will be insignificant.
Further, the walls of the well rise. Then you can proceed to installing the water meter. For this, the pIPeline is cut at a distance of 20 cm from the entrance. Next, the size of the valves to be installed, the coarse filter and the water meter itself are measured. And in this place the pIPe is also cut.
What scheme for installing a water meter in a private house should be used
Installing a water meter in a private house is a mandatory event that has been legalized by the government since July 1, 2013. That is, according to the average, it is no longer permissible, and if the water meter is not installed on the pIPeline of the water supply system, then the house must be disconnected from water consumption. Therefore, everywhere, without exception, metering devices are installed on water.
Now we turn to the main question. how to install a water meter in a private house? You need to start by contacting the water supply organization, in order to submit an application, which indicates the request and the place of installation of the water meter with its further registration. In this case, it is imperative to find out two questions:
- Is it possible to install a water meter in a private house with your own hands, or it must be done by the employees of Vodokanal or another organization that has a license to carry out this type of work.
- What water meters can be installed. The thing is that in each region there is a list of models that can be installed. Therefore, you need to familiarize yourself with this list. If a device that is on this list was purchased in advance, then you will either have to buy a new one in order to avoid problems, or carry out licensing, run around various organizations in which you will have to pay for the services provided. So it is better to first get acquainted with the list, and only after that purchase the meter itself.
Water meter installation location
As practice shows, in many regions there are strict restrictions on who will carry out the installation work. Therefore, taking a financial position and trying to save money, you can do everything yourself. But in the end, you still have to call the controller to register the device, because in the process of setting the water meter for control, first of all, it will be sealed. Ideally, if everything is done by Vodokanal employees. It will not cost so much, but this is already a 100% guarantee.
Now you can proceed to editing.
- First of all, a gate valve or ball valve is installed.
- Next, the filter is mounted.
- After him, the counter itself.
- And the last check valve.
It is clear that the valve is necessary to shut off the water supply for different cases: repair, accident, prevention, and so on. The filter partially purifies the water, which extends the life of the water meter. The latter counts the amount of water consumed. Why do you need a check valve?
Its function is to block the return flow of water from the internal water supply system of a private house. For example, if there is a need to change the water meter or clean a clogged filter, then the valve closes first, and the check valve closes the route along which the water can flow backward. It is clear that its functions can be performed by exactly the same valve or ball valve. Many owners of private houses do just that. But the valve does everything automatically with a spring-loaded mechanism, and the valve has to be turned to close the pIPeline.
All connections between the elements of the water supply inside the well Must be threaded, that is, detachable. A quarrel should not be used here, because one of the main requirements for water supply networks is their maintainability. That is, the repair operations carried out inside the well should NOT be a big problem for the owner of the house.
So, if all the rules for installing a water meter in a private house have been observed, you can call a representative of the water supply system to check the installation and seal the water meter. Of course, you first need to independently test the Assembled structure for the absence of leaks through the joints and the correct operation of the water meter itself. Therefore, the valve must be opened carefully, a large pressure of water can shock the impeller of the water meter and damage it. After that, any consumer opens to see if the counter rotates or not. After making sure that everything works, and there are no leaks at the joints either, you can call a Vodokanal employee.
Which counter to install
Now to the question of choosing a water meter for a private house. Of course, everything will depend on the size of the house, on the number of water users in it, and on the number of people living in the house. The more all three criteria are at once, the larger the pIPe diameter must enter the house, the more powerful the meter will have to be installed.
Tachometer water meter
The simplest and cheapest are mechanical water flow meters. Their design includes an impeller located in a channel through which water flows. The counter calculates the number of impeller revolutions, which directly depends on the volume of flowing water. There are more sophisticated flow meters that operate from the electric current network. They are called volatile. This category includes vortex models, electromagnetic, ultrasonic.
There is a division of devices according to the location of the counting mechanism. It can be located together with the impeller inside the gutter. Such devices are called wet. The mechanism can be located in a separate compartment, where water does not get. Such a device is called dry.
It is clear, and purely constructively, all counters are very different from each other. For example, in vortex models, a body of definite shape is installed inside the flow channel, which provides the intensity and shape of the vortex. So the frequency of vortices is directly proportional to the speed of the water flow.
Therefore, based on the requirements of the water supply network, you can install any of the water meters offered by manufacturers. The main thing is that it works correctly and shows the exact amount of water consumed. Of course, the price side of the choice is an important criterion. As mentioned above, mechanical tachometer water meters with impeller or turbine are the cheapest.
Electromagnetic water meters
Rules for installing meters in the private sector
It would seem that installing a meter is not the most difficult process, but there are certain requirements that relate to one slIPpery moment. to exclude the connection of the house to a water pIPe in addition to the meter. So, there is a certain scheme for installing a water meter in a private house.
Water meter installation diagram
- Firstly, the installation can only be carried out in wells, which are built outside the site. This structure must be freely available to employees of the water supply organization. The cover of the well is necessarily sealed, and the seal can be removed only in two cases: a fire or an accident on the route from the well to the house, when it is necessary to shut off the water supply.
- Secondly, in the well itself, the meter is installed as close as possible to the wall through which the water pIPe runs. That is, in this way, it is shown that there is no more room for an unplanned tie-in into the water meter.
- Thirdly, in addition to the water meter itself, two valves, gate valves or ball valves are installed in the well on the route, which will cut off the water. Their direct purpose is to close the water supply system on both sides of the counting device, if it becomes necessary to repair or replace the water meter. A coarse filter is additionally installed on the counter, which will hold back large particles of sand or small stones. After all, it is they who shorten the life of the meter.
Features of installing a water meter in a private house
What is the difference between installing a water meter in a private house and installing it in an apartment? The fact that two water meters must be installed in an apartment at once: one for cold water, the second for hot water. One device is installed in the house, and after it the track is divided into two branches: hot and cold water supply.
Installation of a water meter on a horizontal section
And one moment. Is it possible to install water meters in vertical sections of the water supply system? There is no ban on this, all water meters are manufactured in such a way that they accurately calculate the amount of water consumed passing through them, regardless of their location in space. Although experts recommend mounting them on horizontal pIPe sections. If the installation is carried out vertically, it does not matter in which direction the water is supplied from bottom to top or from top to bottom.
But at the base of the entire installation process, it is necessary to adhere to the standard scheme for installing a water meter in a private house. Although she is also the installation in the apartment is practically no different.
Do-it-yourself sewage system in a private house: drainage system diagram
From this article, you can find out how a sewage system is created in a private house with your own hands: the scheme on the basis of which the construction of a waste system is carried out, its stage-by-stage production with useful tIPs and recommendations from specialists, information on laying the pIPeline and related procedures. An overview of popular types of sewage systems, their features, the specificity of autonomous systems for suburban areas and for them.
Sewerage in a private house
Arranging a sewage system in a bath with your own hands: Step-by-step guide
As in the case of a residential building, the bath’s sewage system includes an internal and external system. Even if the facility has a dry steam room, it will be necessary to drain the liquid from the shower. The water collection system depends on how the floors are installed. The sewerage scheme is entered into the bath project even at the development stage and is laid at the initial stage of construction even before the floors are equIPped.
If it is planned to install wooden floors from boards, then the elements can be stacked close or with small gaps. If the covering is installed tightly, the floors are formed with a slope from one wall to another. Next, you should find the lowest point in the walls and leave a gap in this place, where the gutter will be subsequently installed (also with a slope). At the lowest point of its placement, a connection is made to the sewer drain pIPe.
If the wooden flooring will be made from a gap, small gaps (5 mm) should be left between the boards. A concrete base is made under the floor with a slope towards the central part of the room. A gutter and sewer pIPe will be installed in this area. Instead of a concrete base, you can lay metal pallets under a wooden flooring for an insulated floor. If the floors are self-leveling or tiled, at the lowest point of the slope, a water intake ladder is installed, which drains the drains into the pIPe.
The use of septic tanks for effluent from the bath
Do-it-yourself sewage system in a private house: diagram and general rules
Unlike city apartments, not every private or country house has all communication systems. Therefore, the owners of such housing are forced to carry out their laying on their own in order to provide basic comfort conditions. If the organization of this system, along with water supply, was originally incorporated into the building project, then problems with their construction should not arise. It is much more difficult if you have to turn on the sewerage system diagram in a private house, which is already ready.
Private house sewerage system
The simplest implementation of such an idea would be a project in which the sink and shower are installed inside the building, and the toilet is outside it on the street. In this case, you can do without complex pIPeline laying work, as well as installation of treatment facilities. This scheme involves removing the sewer from the house and supplying it to the sewer pit.
The second option is more difficult, since the toilet, shower and sink are in this case inside the building. If you make incorrect calculations or violate the construction technology of the system, there is a risk of contamination of the site and the water located nearby with waste. In such situations, you cannot do without a septic tank.
Sewer pIPe supply from the house to the sewer pit
Sewerage construction in a private house: installation price
Turnkey septic tank installation price is formed taking into account:
- Features of earthworks, for example, the formation of a foundation pit or a supply trench;
- The need for the construction of a system that carries out additional soil cleaning;
- The cost of laying a sewage system per meter in the ground (depends on the type of pIPes and the length of the line, the average price is 35-65 rubles per 1 m)
- Installation of the necessary equIPment;
- The need for the construction of an additional system for the disposal of treated wastewater, etc.
Most often, if a turnkey installation of septic equIPment is performed, 2-3 people are involved in the work. Since the installation of the structure is carried out manually, there is a need for the use of specialized heavy equIPment. As a result, the landscape remains untouched, and the owner of the site has a chance to save significantly. You cannot do without changes on the site if sewage is being laid from the ground. The price per meter of work performed is included in the total cost of turnkey work.
Installation of septic equIPment
If there are lands on the summer cottage, and not having filtering properties, like sand, installation work will increase significantly in price. Such soils include loam and clay. To ensure normal conditions for the full functioning of the system on the territory, it will be necessary to Form a bulk filtration field.
Sewerage installation price in a turnkey private house:
|Septic tank model||Price, rub.|
|TopBio||from 111 700|
Choosing a place for installing a septic tank for sewerage of a country house with your own hands
When arranging a sewage system, it is extremely important to choose a place for installing a septic tank. Its placement is influenced by the following factors:
- Depth of groundwater;
- Relief features of the site (since the movement of water inside the system is carried out by gravity, the slope of the terrain should be taken into account)
- The level of soil freezing in winter;
- Placement of drinking water sources;
- Soil structure.
Sandy soils have a loose structure. Due to this, the liquid can easily pass through the soil, so there is a possibility of contamination of groundwater by waste.
Installation diagram of a three-chamber septic tank with wells
When installing a septic design, it is important to adhere to certain requirements:
- Distance from a residential building. at least 5 m.
- Removal from the source of drinking water (well). 30 g.
- Distance from green spaces. at least 3 m.
In addition, it will be necessary to equIP an area for the arrival of sewage equIPment.
How much will it cost to build a sewage system in a private house: turnkey price
The capabilities of the autonomous sewers Unilos Astra 5 and Topas 5 are considered the most optimal for summer cottages. These structures are reliable, they are able to provide comfortable living and the necessary amenities for the residents of a country house. These manufacturers offer other, and no less effective models.
Average price of Autonomous sewers Topas:
Average price of Unilos autonomous sewers:
The tables show the standard system costs. The final price for the installation of a turnkey autonomous sewage system is formed taking into account the for laying the external pIPeline and other points affecting excavation and installation work in general.
Average price of tank sewers:
Features of the construction of a country sewage system without pumping
Systems that do not require pumping out, as a rule, are represented by designs of two- or three-chamber septic tanks operating simultaneously. If the system has two tanks, at least ¾ structures, for three-chamber. half. In the first section, heavy fractions settle down. As it fills, the liquid is poured into the second compartment, where light particles are separated. In the third section, water is fully purified from wastewater and supplied to a drainage well or filtration fields. In this case, it is important that the two containers are sealed.
This type of system also needs to be pumped out, but not as often as in the case of a conventional septic tank. This is done using a drainage or fecal pump for sewage, the price of which depends on the manufacturer and power and varies between 2700-25000 rubles. This equIPment is used to remove sediment accumulated in the sump.
Septic tank installed in the pit
The frequency of the procedure is influenced by the composition of the wastewater and the size of the reservoir. The structure must be cleaned when the silt reaches the overflow level. For six months, about 60-90 liters of sediment accumulates in the tank. Based on THESE data and the volume of the container, you can roughly find out how much time between cleaning.
To find out the required volume of a septic tank without pumping out, the daily rate of water consumption per person (200 liters) should be multIPlied by the number of residents and another 20% should be added to the resulting result. If the groundwater level is high, it is recommended to make a concrete screed at the bottom of the excavation or put a concrete slab for reinforcement.
The deepening in the ground is pulled out taking into account the size of the septic tank. To this is added at least 20 cm on each side, or even more. PIPes are laid on a sand bed in the same way with a slope to a depth of 0.7-0.8 m.
Installation of a septic tank without pumping
Organization of sewerage wiring for a private house: how to lay a pIPeline correctly
Here are the zones where the sewer pIPe comes out of the foundation and a line must be laid to the septic tank. The pIPeline should be located at a slope, due to which the waste water flow will be ensured. The larger the diameter of the pIPes used, the smaller the angle of inclination will be required for the full operation of the line. The average is 2.
In the diagram, the depth of laying the sewage system in a private house with your own hands should be located below the level of freezing of the soil in winter. The average is 1 m.In warm regions there is a need for a large burial of pIPes, 0.7 m will be enough.If the house is in a cold region, the depth indicator should be increased to 1.5 m.At the bottom of the trench, before laying pIPes, you need to form a dense sandy pillow, tamping it well. This procedure will allow you to reliably fix the pIPes and prevent the destruction of the line during seasonal mixing of soil.
The most optimal for the suburban area will be the scheme of laying a direct highway from the house to the collector. If necessary, you can perform a turn. At this point, you can carry out the installation of the Inspection of the well. For work, pIPes made of cast iron or plastic, intended for external sewage, are suitable. The recommended diameter is 110 mm. All joints must be sealed. The trench with the laid pIPeline is first filled with sand and then with soil.
Scheme of laying pIPes from home to collector
DIY step-by-step guide to building a sewage system in a bath
For the installation of sewer pIPes, it is necessary to form ditches with a slope of 2 cm by 1 m. Their depth is 50-60 cm. A pillow should be made at the bottom of THESE trenches. For this, a layer of sand 15 cm thick is poured and carefully tamped. At the same time, do not forget about the bias.
Further, the installation of the sewer main is carried out. Polypropylene pIPes with a diameter of 100 mm are laid in trenches. If necessary, a sewer riser is equIPped. It must be fixed to the wall with clamps. It is imperative to arrange ventilation. When the system is ready, the installation of the flooring is carried out using one of the methods discussed earlier.
Upon completion of all work, the drains and gratings provided for by the project are connected to the system at the specified places. It is advisable to install a sIPhon in the area where the water intake is connected to the outlet pIPe. It will prevent odors from the sewer from getting back into the room. Most often, the drains are equIPped with a built-in water seal.
Sewer pIPes in the bath
On sale you can find gutters made of asbestos cement, plastic or cast iron. It is not recommended to use products made of wood and steel, because They are quickly destroyed by moisture. The minimum permissible diameter of the gutter is 5 cm. If the project provides for the presence of a toilet bowl or second sanitary equIPment, it is installed and connected. This completes the work on the organization of the internal sewerage system. The external system is performed in the manner described earlier, and can be a septic tank or a drainage well.
Key features of hidden cameras
A camera for covert surveillance in an apartment is not much different from conventional cameras in terms of its parameters. It consists of a standard set of elements:
- Light-sensitive element. matrix;
Viewing angle. Miniature camera lenses can have different viewing angles, and can be both telephoto and wide-angle. Long-focus lenses for covert observation are rarely used due to their small viewing angle. Usually this parameter depends on the focal length, which for covert cameras can vary from 2.8 to 3.7 mm. This corresponds to a control zone within 60-90. A camera with such characteristics, if properly installed, will allow you to control a large enough room, and without optical distortion of the image.
Shooting quality. The miniature CCD sensor allows for good quality color images even at low light levels. The processor converts the electrical potentials from the photosensitive element into a signal. When shooting indoors with low light, modern cameras are capable of switching to black and white mode, in which the picture quality is much better than in color in low light.
Resolution and sensitivity. When choosing a camera for covert surveillance, you should pay attention to the parameters common to all cameras. These are resolution and sensitivity. The resolution of modern cameras is measured in megapixels and can vary from 1.3 to 12 MP. For surveillance in residential premises, a resolution of 1.3-2 MP is sufficient, and cameras with Ultra HD resolution are still not sufficiently developed today and have a lot of pitfalls, for example, a low recording speed. 5-15 frames per second.
Super high sensitivity is also unnecessary. For a home camera, a sensitivity of 0.1-0.3 lux is sufficient. If monitoring is planned at night, which is necessary when a sick person is in the apartment, then it makes sense to purchase a camera with infrared illumination, which allows you to transmit a good quality picture at any time of the day. The infrared LED does NOT detect itself in any way, since the human eye does NOT perceive its radiation.
For what purposes are hidden cameras installed in the apartment?
There are many reasons why it makes sense to install a covert surveillance system in an apartment. Most often, miniature cameras are used to monitor incoming personnel. This is especially important when a nanny is invited to a small child. While the parents are at work, she must feed the child, put her to bed and play with him. Unfortunately, recently, shockings filmed with covert surveillance cameras have appeared on the Internet and in some television programs. Babysitters there Not only speak rudely and obscenely, but also beat up small children.
A home surveillance system, as a rule, is organized with the introduction of a GSM module or a cloudy service, thanks to which you can view the picture from the camera at any time. It so happens that an elderly or seriously ill person is at home and remote monitoring Not only provides control over everything that happens in the apartment, but, if necessary, will allow you to call an ambulance or rescuers. The covert surveillance system does NOT manifest itself in anything. It is quite difficult to detect miniature cameras, and if a wireless system is installed in an apartment or house, then the wires by which you can determine the presence of cameras are completely absent.
Where to place cameras?
The solution to this issue depends on the type of camera used, its dimensions and the imagination of the owners. There are many places where miniature cameras can be installed. If the apartment has a fire and burglar alarms, then infrared motion sensors and smoke detectors are one of the most common places for installing cameras. The sensors are mounted on the ceiling, and the camera will provide optimal control of everything that happens in the room. In addition, the GoPro leads from the camera are laid together with the alarm wires, so it is very difficult to identify them, especially for a non-specialist. There are even special hidden cameras disguised as fire detectors. with them the task is greatly simplified, also such cameras DO NOT fall under the prohibition of the law, since the detector is not household items.
If the house has a stereo system, then this is also a great place to disguise the camera. In princIPle, any household appliances, especially those with a large number of knobs and control buttons, are suitable for installing a covert surveillance camera. Ideally, the camera should be mounted in stationary interior items that cannot be moved.
When choosing a place to install the camera, you should consider the possibility of obstructing it with other objects, so it is better to install the camera higher. The wall clock can also disguise a wireless camera. In the process of installing cameras, one important nuance should be borne in mind. the camera heats up during operation, therefore, when installing it, it is necessary to provide for heat removal from the case.
How is the installation?
Since surveillance must be covert, all installation work must be done very carefully. A covert surveillance system, first of all, can give out wires, so they must be completely disguised.
You can consider the installation process using the example of a three-room apartment. There is a living room, bedroom, nursery and kitchen. There is a small child in the apartment, Which, while the parents are at work, is being taken care of by a babysitter. All four rooms must be monitored. As conceived by the owners of the apartment, the cameras are connected to the registrar equIPped with a connection to the cloud service, so that from a mobile device it was possible, in real time, to observe the nanny and the child. In addition, the registrar records information on a hard disk, flash card or in the cloud. The recorder can be placed in a lockable drawer of a desk or dresser.
Miniature cameras are installed in such places to ensure control over the entire area of the room. Since the walls and ceiling are excluded as installation areas, all connecting wires are lowered vertically with the furniture and then laid under the skirting board. Now almost all apartments have plastic skirting boards with cable channels, covered with a plastic strIP, which can be easily removed and just as easily put in place.
The camera can be mounted at the top of a bookcase or wardrobe, with the wires completely covered by the furniture. A kitchen wall is a good place to install a hidden camera. Vases or decorative items are usually placed at the top, in which it is very easy to place a surveillance camera.
Covert surveillance in an apartment: installation goals, camera selection and legality
Recently, the miniaturization of electronic devices has reached such a level that ultra-miniature cameras have appeared on the market, allowing covert surveillance in apartments and offices. Under modern legislation, it is possible to organize covert surveillance in an apartment or a private house, but everyone who lives or works should be warned about this, although it is not necessary to disclose the installation locations of surveillance cameras. In order to avoid misunderstandings, it is best to give information about the concealment of observation against signature.
What does the law say to hide surveillance?
It is possible to organize covert surveillance in oneself in the apartment, but with the obligatory condition that all family members, as well as working personnel, if any, must be aware that they are being monitored, and it is not necessary to give out the location of the cameras. Otherwise, you can easily get sued. It is advisable to familiarize the working personnel with a written document confirming the fact of installing cameras in an apartment against a signature.
Remember that the law also prohibits the use of cameras disguised as household items. So, recently, cases of detention of ordinary people who bought pens or key chains with a built-in camera in China and tried to sell them have become more frequent. Most of them received fines, and some even suspended sentences. Under article 138, part 1 on the sale and installation of some prohibited cameras, you can face a criminal penalty of up to 4 years in prison. Therefore, be neat and careful, and if possible, read the above article before purchasing and installing hidden cameras.