MAC East

How can you not fall in love with spectacular and bright spots of the eastern poppy flowers. Like an open flame, they excite the imagination and attract attention. Huge flowers of the East poppy know and love literally everything. Eastern poppies are noted in the culture of many countries, they inspired the greatest artists: Van Gogh, Renoir, Monet. In this material, we will tell in detail about this wonderful decorative plant.

note! According to the current legislation, the cultivation of Mac of Eastern in the territory is prohibited. Read more in the last section of this material.

An ancient legend says: when the Lord created the Earth, animals and plants, everyone was happy except at night. No matter how hard she tried with the help of stars and luminous bugs to disperse her deep darkness, she hid too many beauty of nature, which repelled everyone from herself. Then the Lord created a dream, dreams and dreams, and together with the night they became welcome guests. Over time, when passions awakened in people, one of the people even decided to kill his brother. The dream wanted to stop him, but the sins of this man prevented him from approaching. Then the dream in anger stuck his magical rod into the ground, and the night inhaled his life. The rod took the roots, glanced and, while maintaining his defiant power, turned into Mac.

Description of the East poppy

MAC Eastern (Papaver Orientale). a type of herbaceous plants from the genus Mac family of Makov.

Perennial, extremely spectacular plant. Bush up to 90 cm high. The leaves are large, cirround, ornamental, rigid-gun, light green, collected in a basic outlet. The erect stems are crowned with cup-shaped, widely open, large-up to 20 cm in diameter, fiery-red flowers with a black square spot higher than the base of the petals and many anthers. Flower mass is loose, each flower is visible separately; Floral surface of a large.fabric, very expressive pattern.

Blooms in mid.May. mid.June up to 30 days. Grows on herbaceous slopes in mining and subalpine belts. Loves open sunny areas, but withstands a slight shading. It grows on any garden soil, preferring loose sandy loam, it does not tolerate water stagnation. roots are rotten. Responsive to the introduction of organic and complex mineral fertilizer. Winters without shelter.

The natural area of ​​the plant is Central Asia, however, from the end of the 19th century there has been an active process of breeding work and its use in decorative floriculture. Currently, there are a large number of different varieties of this species with different colors. The disadvantages of poppy include the fragility of flowers. They stay on the stem for about three days.

MAC East. © Line1 Mac East, ‘Cedric Morris’. © Johnathan J. Stegeman Mac East, ‘Turkenlouis’. © James Steakley


MAC Eastern, also called small.leaved poppies, is the genus of many years of root grassy plants of the poppy family. It is found in dry subalpine meadows and rocky slopes in the Caucasus, Iran and Turkey.

The maximum height of the shrub does not exceed 90 cm.

The flower stem is strong, erect or slightly curved, naked or covered with several small leaves. The stem is characterized by a dense gabitus with white hairs in the lower part.

The root system is strong, with a drop.down root that holds tightly for the ground. It provides the plant with nutrients and the necessary moisture in the dry season.

The main green mass consists of large basal leaves on long petioles up to 6 cm long. Leaf plates are elongated, lanceolate up to 30 cm, cirround, ornamented, rigidly furry, light green. Steel leaves are similar to seed, only with much smaller upper pagan leaves.

Single flowers are cup-shaped, reach 10-20 cm in diameter, when they are fully revealed. The petals 4-6 are among the large, whole, rounded, large, 4-6 cm across, deep, bright orange-red or pink-red, with a black spot at the base or without it. Stamens, dark at the ends, expanded. Numerous oblong dust agents are purple or black.

June-July flowering period, the duration of one flower is 3-5 days. The fruit is an ovoid, smooth, brown or grayish-green capsule 4-7 cm long, covered with a convex or flat disk that contains numerous dark gray or black-brown small seeds. One gram contains up to 9,000 seeds. Seeds are completely matured by mid.August.

Varieties and types

East Mac has many varieties. Thanks to selection, plants of different heights were obtained, with petals of unusual shape and amazing shades. Eastern poppies with white, pink, orange, lilac and purple flowers, with smooth, gear and floral petals can be found almost all over the world. Most different varieties of oriental poppies are of hybrid origin. There are currently more than two hundred varieties of eastern poppy.

The perennial is completely undemanding and hardy, it is easy to plant and take care of him. Even with minimal attention to her person, she can please with a lush, bright flower.

Choosing a place

Eastern Mac is a photophilous plant, it prefers light, open spaces and grows calmly in a light shadow. When planning the landing site, remember that poppies look most impressive in the center of the flower bed, in sunny areas.

All poppies are very badly transplanted. Therefore, carefully choose the best place for landing, as poppies will grow there for many years. A small mound is best suited, since poppies do not tolerate constantly moist soil and stagnation of water. If these conditions are impossible to create, make a good drainage layer before landing for excess water.

Flower stems are quite high and can break from the wind. To prevent this, support and bandage the stems.

Eastern mac can live in almost any water.permeable soil, but, like all plants, it grows more actively and blooms in fertile, loose soil.

Mac reacts to fertilizer with strong growth and lush, bright colors. Fertilizers can be applied throughout the vegetation period. On poor, sandy soil, poppy plants bloom less magnificent, and poppy flowers are smaller.

Poppy plants do not bloom abundantly and actively in one place for more than 5-7 years, after which they must be moved to another place. As the mac bush rises, a lot of space can take up. To avoid overgrowing, plants should be placed at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other.


Eastern Mac requires timely, moderate watering throughout the entire growth period. The soil around the plant should not dry out, but waterlogging is also dangerous. excess watering and stagnation of water can cause root rot and death of the plant. A long rhizome can penetrate deep into the ground and provide the plant with nutrients and moisture from the soil, so it can do without watering for a long time.


This is a thermophilic, but frost.resistant plant, it can survive a decrease in temperature to.35 degrees without additional shelter in the winter period.


The plant is very fond of transplantation, resort to this procedure in cases of emergency, with the threat of the death of a flower. The transplant should be carried out in the fall, after the end of flowering. The goal should be to remove the flower along with the root, preserving the lump of native soil. Given that the root of the poppy is long, you need to do this very carefully, trying to dig it completely and not damage it.


After flowering, the bush of the eastern poppy is cut under the root. Because after flowering, all the leaves turn yellow and fall, and the bush loses all its attractiveness. After a while, new leaves, slightly smaller than earlier than before. If the collection of seeds is not planned, the full pruning should be carried out.

If Mac must be saved, it should only be cut after the ripening of the seed pods. After collecting seeds, the bush should be cut to the ground.


The plant is quite frost.resistant and does not need to cover mulch in the cold season.


Papaver varieties amaze with their diversity.

Type. Eastern Mac. large buds, the height of the bush is about 90 cm. Varieties:

  • Goliath. a bright orange Mac with a pronounced black middle;
  • Salmon Glow. a salmon shade of petals;
  • Perry’s White is a snow.white bud, the middle is black with a burgundy tint;
  • Picotty. the main color is white with a milk tint, a scarlet border passes along the edges.

Holostable poppies. compact bushes reaching a height of 30 cm. The flowers are small, no more than 0.5 cm. Varieties:

Pionivid Mac. a high bush up to 1 m long, with large colors:

Samoseka. the bush reaches about 60 cm in height, a distinctive feature. abundant, thick foliage. Decorative varieties:

  • Crusader’s Order is the main color scarlet, the middle is white;
  • Silk Moire. red Mac with amber.colored middle;
  • Morning Song. a variety that includes papaver of pink, karmine and purple color.

The varieties also deserve attention: Funny Family. scarlet petals with a pink tint, the middle is light green; Danish Flag. karmin buds, mid.white.

Hybrid varieties

The most popular hybrid papaver varieties:

  • Mrs. Perry. corrugated petals along the edges, color. salmon with a pink tint;
  • Double pleasure is a two.row Mac, the main color is pink, dark spots are present at the base of the petals;
  • Small dancer. pink flowers, at the base of the petals there are spots of a rich dark shade.

Advantages, the legality of its cultivation

Unlike the Mack of Red Garden, the papaver do not have narcotic substances, and therefore their landing in large quantities is not persecuted by law.

Culture has a number of advantages that made it so popular among flower growers:

  • unpretentiousness in care;
  • light landing;
  • the presence of mineral elements and vitamins, which makes it useful for humans.

Growing perennial and biennial poppies

Sowing seeds of perennial and biennial poppies is similar and not complicated. Such poppies grow:

The latter option is considered preferable, since the plants are stronger and powerful, they develop better and bloom earlier. With spring sowing, young plants will need more careful care, because while the seedlings are getting stronger, they will already encounter both heat and droughts, they will not be able to develop normally without watering.

Perennial or biennial poppies can be sowed on seedlings, diving after the appearance of the first or second real sheet in a permanent place, but it is better to sow them immediately to the place of cultivation.

With predictive planting, sowing poppies are delayed to the last, so that the seeds, quickly germinating even in cold soil, do not wake up until the start of winter. Even the soil temperature of 3-5 degrees is not suitable: Mac is sown when the soil has time to freeze in the upper layer, that is, most often in November.

In the spring, planting is carried out when the weather allows, snow will come off and at least the soil thaws slightly.

The technique of sowing of poppy seeds remains unchanged regardless of the timing of their sowing:

  • The soil is prepared in advance or before planting, digging and loosening the soil. When processing the soil, it is necessary to remove the rhizomes of weeds, make organic fertilizers and a complete mineral mixture (about 10 kg of organics, compost or humus and 40-50 g of mineral fertilizers per square meter of soil).
  • At the place of sowing in the fall, they neatly create shallow, only up to 2-3 cm deep, grooves or rows or rows. Spring sowing can be carried out both in grooves and superficially.
  • Poppy seeds are laid out at a considerable distance from each other (from 5 to 20 cm) so that the plants do not need to be thinned out.
  • The crops are covered with the soil on top, making sure that they do not deepen too much. In spring sowing, the seeds are not covered or covered with a light layer of soil, a film to accelerate germination and completed the procedure by watering.
  • After spring sowing for 2 weeks, it is necessary to maintain stable moisture content of the soil and make sure to remove the film immediately when the seedlings appear.

The seeds sown since autumn will germinate in the spring, as soon as the soil warms up to 3-5 degrees, spring crops can be expected after 10-20 days. Even young plants are frost.resistant, but if frostrotes exceed 5 degrees of frost, then spring crops are better to additionally protect with non.woven materials.

If the sowing was carried out densely, then the seedlings are thinned twice. at first at a distance of 10 cm between plants, and then. 20 cm.

The seedlings of poppy poppies. © DirectPlant

Sowing of annual types of poppy

Macs-one-year-olds are sown in the fall in the winter or early spring, as early as possible, depending on the weather-from March for the southern regions, until May-for the middle strip. Sowing will be carried in rows, not strongly deepening. Shoots will appear after 1-2 weeks. They are immediately thinned out, leaving plants at a distance of about 20 cm. It is better to immediately carry out sowing quite rarely, laying the seeds at a distance of 10 cm.

Poppies are drought.resistant, hardy and generally unpretentious plants. One point of care is very important for young excesses, and adult poppies. timely weeding, since poppies will not be able to compete with other aggressive plants.

If the sowing was carried out in the spring, then until the period as the plants are stronger, you need to protect them from the drought. Sown in the autumn and adult poppies in the stage of active growing season react well to additional watering, but the main thing with moisture is not to overdo it, just providing protection against drought. If the plants are very high or windy area, then the stems are best tied to the supports as it grows.

In the first winter to cover young poppies there is no need.

Other points of care are also needed by decorative poppies:

How to plant poppies

Wikihow works on the principle of wiki, which means that many of our articles are written by several authors. When creating this article on its editing and improvement, 9 people (a) worked, including anonymously.

The number of views of this article: 134 608.

Graceful and fragile poppies will decorate any garden. Their cultivation from seeds requires patience and effort, but the result is worth. Prepare the soil, sow the seeds and provide the right care, and let these wonderful flowers illuminate your garden with their bright colors.

Attention: in prohibits growing types of poppy seeds containing narcotic substances. These include MAC Snow.Rotor (Papaver Somniferum L.), Mac chitinoine (Papaver Setigerum D. C.), Mac bacterica (Papaver Braacteatum Lindl.), Mac East (Papaver Orientale L.). However, even harmless varieties can attract the attention of law enforcement agencies to your garden, because only a specialist can recognize them in appearance, and the presence of more than 10 prohibited plants on the site is considered to be cultivated in especially large sizes. So, if you live in that, perhaps, it’s better not to take risks.

  • MAC SPECIKE (Papaver Rhoeas) is the most famous of the annual species. It blooms from June to autumn and handsome on the lawn both in itself and with other wildflowers, for example with daisies and cornflowers.
  • MAC changed (Papaver Commutatum) and Papaver Pavonium. less popular, but no less attractive annuals.
  • MAC Golostable (Papaver Nudicaule). a perennial plant blooming from May to late autumn. Depending on the variety, it is simple or terry, white, yellow or orange. Multi.colored mixture on one flower bed looks especially impressive.
  • California Mac, or Eschscholzia Californica, is not Mac as such, but an independent family in the poppy family, so you can safely plant it in your garden. Esholz okhlet is resistant to drought, easily multiplies by self.sowing, and its golden and orange flowers will delight you for more than one year.

Buy seeds. Poppies do not tolerate a transplant, so you will have to buy seeds, not seedlings. Seeds can be purchased at a store for gardeners or on the Internet. Look for reviews for supplier firms or ask for familiar gardeners to stay on a reliable brand: such seeds are more likely to grow up and take root.

Types and varieties

Mac Chinese, as it is also called, includes more than 200 varieties that differ in different colors. In dachas and flower beds, flower growers most often cultivate the most popular varieties:

Almost all varieties of eastern poppy are hybrid. Depending on the variety, plant petals can be painted in red, pink, purple, white, lilac.

All oriental varieties are characterized by a large diameter of flowers

Features of landing and agricultural technology

Planting and leaving in the open ground of perennial poppy will not deliver special difficulties to the flower breed plot. The plant is quite unpretentious, frost.resistant.



A algorithm for layout with seeds:

  • Deviation time. spring, when the soil warms up at least 5 ° C.
  • The seeding material is slightly deepened into the soil, or simply crumbles on top of it.
  • Beds are covered with polyethylene to create a greenhouse.
  • Watering is carried out as the upper layer of earth has dried out.
  • The time of the appearance of the first seedlings. from 10 to 14 days. If the seedlings occur, the film must be removed.

Autumn sowing poppy in the winter is possible. It is carried out in November, when a temperature is set not higher than 3 ° C. At higher temperatures, there is a risk of premature germination of seedlings that will die during the first cooling.

Autumn landing is preferable, since the grains undergo a natural stratification process. Flowering earlier begins in autumn poppies.

Thanks to hardening, the plants are more hardy

Poppy bushes grow by spreading, this must be taken into account when planting, making a distance of at least 50 cm between grains. Otherwise, the seedlings will have to draw out.

Preparatory work before landing

Before planting, it is necessary to carry out a number of preparatory work:

  • The selected area is clear from the weed, dug up with the addition of humus, compost or other organics.
  • If planting is carried out in the spring, the seed is recommended to be stratified by putting in the refrigerator for 1. 1.5 months.

Additional measure. processing seeds with a growth stimulant and soaking them for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfecting.

If the plant is planned to be planted in the lowland, to prevent stagnation of water, it is necessary to organize drainage.

Propagation of Maca East

Reproduction by seeds. Seeds are sown in spring or autumn immediately to a permanent place, since the roots go deep, and therefore Mac is very poorly tolerated by transplantation. Small seeds and do not sprinkle them after sowing, but only slap them from above and covered to seedlings with glass or film. The soil should be wet for two weeks, after the shoots they are thinned out at a distance of 10 cm, later after 20. Flowering occurs in the second year after sowing.

Reproduction by division of the bush. Since the Eastern Mac has a core root, it does not tolerate a transplant. The division of the bush is carried out in the summer, during the rest period. You can make cuttings by separating young sockets.

The soil is cooked carefully: weeds are removed, especially rhizomes, added (5-10 kg) and mineral mixture (30-50 g) per 1 sq. m. Winters Mac well without any shelter.

Mac is planted in groups on the lawn, in mixborders, rockers. It goes well with astras, Veronika, Basilki, decorative cereals, dolphinium, oregano, niva, yarrow. After the Mac has faded and you removed the leaves, you can plant an annuals nearby in order to cover the resulting gap

What’s inside a Rattlesnake Rattle?

Plant the Eastern Mac in your garden. and you will admire it for many years. The flowers look great both in the garden and in a vase. They are cut off in the phase of the bursting painted bud.

Choosing a landing site

It is worth responsibly to resolve this issue, since the Eastern Mac will be very painful about transplanting, like all other roding perennial flowers. Therefore, the Mac will have to be planted in a permanent place and expect a decorative effect no earlier than after 2, or even 3 years, but it will hit with its beauty and the size of the flowers for about 7 years, after which it is desirable to update the bush.

When planting a flower, it should be taken into account the fact that the plant is perennial and can reach impressive size. Therefore, you need to count on 60–70 cm from neighboring plants and it is advisable to place the support nearby, to which heavy stems can be tied.

It will be necessary to take care of the temporary replacement of the long-liver in advance by any annual, since after flowering, only the root system remains viable, and the shoots will completely dry. Choosing an annual culture, you need to know that the early varieties of poppy bloom in May-June, and the later ones-in June-July.

It is preferable to plant a bush to sunny places, although it will grow perfectly and in shaded. Well, perennial grows on sandy soil, stones in the ground will also not be an obstacle.

Sowing technique

After choosing a permanent place for poppy, prepare a platform for sowing seeds. The soil is loosened, the stones and roots of various plants are removed. To provide nutrients to future plants, organic fertilizers, humus or compost are introduced into the soil.

Sowing seeds in the fall

Prepared soil is divided into grooves up to 3 cm deep, at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other. Bring seeds, sprinkle them with earth. You should not strongly deepen the Mac soil, a large layer of earth can prevent the seeds from germinating. They just don’t have the strength to break to the surface. The seeds will “wake up” as soon as the snow comes down and the soil warms up 3-5 degrees.

Sowing seeds in the spring

As soon as the snow melts, and the soil temperature will become slightly above 5 degrees, the seeds are introduced into prepared ground. If desired, you can make grooves, or you can simply pour seeds on the surface of the earth, while they are sprinkled with a small layer of sand. With spring planting poppies, beds should be covered with cellophane to create a greenhouse effect. The shoots will seem after 10-14 days, during this period, the soil is supported in a moderately humid state.

As soon as the sprouts appear, the greenhouse is removed. Young plants should be protected from direct sunlight. The weather is extremely unstable in the spring, there is a high probability of frost. In such cases, young shoots are covered with a film or other covering material.

In order not to thicken the landings, the seeds are laid out at some distance from each other. Otherwise, the shoots will have to be thinned out when the second sheet appears.

East Mac in the design of the garden

Unfortunately, the bright beauty of Mac is short.lived. The cut flower will stand in the flowerpot for no more than one day, and the blooming on the flowerbed-a little more, about 2-3 days. After this time, the plant loses the petals, a box with seeds remains in place of the bud. It should be noted that such a bush also has a kind of beauty. A rounded seed box is crowned with a “lid” with carved edges, and a thin elegant stem exalts it above other plants.

Eastern Mac is a very high plant that looks very harmonious along with other colors. It can be used as a background for lower garden representatives, as well as a separate decorative element of a flower garden. It is very convenient to place the Mac in the background of the flowerbed, during a short flowering period, it will show himself in all its glory, while its neighbors will only grow. Thus, other flowers will not obscure it during flowering, but subsequently hide faded bushes when they grow and give color themselves.

On the flowerbed, as the main Accent, it will look harmonious with geranium, oregano, white or blue garden bells, yarrow, irises, lupins. Plants with decorative leaves, such as hosts or astilbe, can act as a framing for a poppy bush. To close the bush after flowering, plant other perennials next to it, which have wide sprawling leaves, for example, Buzunik or Trillium. Mac eastern mac planted along the curbs looks good, but you should remember its high growth.

It is desirable that some support is present near the bushes, otherwise the plant under its weight can simply lie on the ground. This flower will perfectly complement the atmosphere of the garden in the rustic style or style “Provence”. Remember that Mac does not tolerate excessive moisturizing the root system. If there are places on the site that are flooded during spring melting snow, you cannot place a flower garden or a flower bed there. The sunny side of the site with fertile soil is the best place for poppy, where it grows in all its glory, will delight you with lush color.

Sometimes on floral forums you can see such a question. why does not bloom mac eastern? If the plant was planted by sowing seeds, then in the second or even third year of life it can give only one or two buds. Usually after this follows the surge of active flowering. If you plant it in a very shaded place, ties of flower buds can slow down significantly. Due to the lack of proper care, Mac may also not give flowers. Damage to the roots, for example, with too active loosening, can also be the reason for the absence of buds. The restoration of the plant after such an injury proceeds quite slowly. Planting the bush from place to place is another reason for the temporary absence of flowers (it takes time to take root).

After flowering, caring for eastern poppy seeds consists in cutting yellowed, dried stems, leaves. this is done if you do not plan to collect seeding material. The ground part of the plant is cut near the earth itself, by the beginning of autumn new leaves appear, but not so sprawling and high. If you want to save the seeds, then after the end of the flowering period, leave everything as it is, wait for the complete drying of the seed boxes, and then carefully cut them. After collecting seeds, the ground part of the plant is subject to pruning, by the arrival of the cold you can cover the poppies of mulch, but not necessarily, they are quite frost.resistant.

It is also worth mentioning diseases that can affect the plant. this is a fungus of black spotting, ashes (powdery mildew). The injured bush is recommended by irrigation with drugs containing copper in its composition. Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate (copper sulfate), Contact fungicide “Maxim”, systemic fungicide “Topaz” will help you out. If the disease made itself felt, then all the affected leaves, the shoots should be cut, burned, and the plant itself is additionally fertilized with potassium feeding.

For longer flowering, cut the seed heads in a timely manner, of course, if you do not plan to collect sowing material. To retain its varietal qualities of the MAC eastern perennial, planting and care should be carried out separately from other types of poppy. These are necessary so that the flowers are not sprinkled with each other, subsequently do not change varieties, texture of the petals. Plant these magnificent flowers in your garden. you can admire them for many years.

Choosing a landing site

It is worth responsibly to resolve this issue, since the Eastern Mac will be very painful about transplanting, like all other roding perennial flowers. Therefore, the Mac will have to be planted in a permanent place and expect a decorative effect no earlier than after 2, or even 3 years, but it will hit with its beauty and the size of the flowers for about 7 years, after which it is desirable to renew the bush.

We offer to familiarize yourself with the secrets of successful gardening: when to dig lilies for transplantation?

It will be necessary to take care of the temporary replacement of the long-liver in advance by any annual, since after flowering, only the root system remains viable, and the shoots will completely dry. Choosing an annual culture, you need to know that the early varieties of poppy bloom in May-June, and the later ones-in June-July.

It is preferable to plant a bush to sunny places, although it will grow perfectly and in shaded. Well, perennial grows on sandy soil, stones in the ground will also not be an obstacle.