Linux Mint 20 Settings after installation
One of the most friendly operating systems with open code is Linux Mint. Unlike others, more ascetic in the intese, it was originally created only in the desktop version. Therefore, the base set includes more programs for everyday use, proprietary codecs and drivers.
Linux Mint creators also significantly improved the setting integration. We recently talked about how to install Linux Mint 20, in this article we will consider the Linux Mint 20 settings after installation.
Linux Mint 20 Settings after installation
First of all, after the installation of the OS, updates should be installed. The development of this OS does not stand still. Various updates, corrections, additions and new software regularly appear.
In the main menu, select the administration item, then start the update manager:
In the window that appears, you can see a list of packages for which there are updates. To perform the installation, click the Update Set button. The release of Linux Mint 20 Ulyana took place relatively recently, so in this case the OS does not need to be updated:
Wallpaper of the desktop
Each user is used to drawing up a desktop in connection with his preferences and ideas. In order to change the wallpaper, click the right button on the free place on the desktop, thereby causing the context menu. Select the point change the background of the desktop:
A standard file manager will appear, with which you can choose your favorite image from the finished set of Linux Mint 20 Ulyana or from a set of images pre.loaded from the outside.
Click on the selected graphic file, thus making it automatically a background pattern of your desktop.
In the same window you can go to the settings tab. There is a parameter showing slides with the choice of delaying time between the changes in the background image. As a result of activation of the show show, images from the selected catalog will be replaced automatically (by default 15 minutes).
You can also set the display mode of the background image: scale, stretched, mosaic, center and others:
Setting the topic
To give the graphic inteys of your special style, you can download and install topics. To do this, select the parameters in the main menu:
Next, start the topics. In the window that appears with parameters, you can set the topic for each element personally: change the window frame, change the mouse pointer, change the buttons and window style:
By moving to the Add/Delete tab, you can download other topics from the Internet by sorting their list by popularity, name or date of creation:
Installation of fonts
Despite the significant efforts of Linux and Microsoft developers in terms of compatibility, sometimes problems arise with the correct display of documents. This is due to the fact that Windows uses True Type fonts. By default, these fonts are not included in the base set Linux Mint. Consider the process of adding them.
In the main menu, select the administration item, then start the program manager. In the search bar, enter mscore. The list of search results will appear the package we need-TTF-MSCOREFONTS.INSTALLER. Click the Install button:
The font installer will ask to accept the license agreement. Mark the DO You Accept the Eula License Terms flag? Press the NEXT button:
After the fonts are successfully installed, it is not difficult to check their presence. For example, open the Libre Office Writer editor. In the falling list of font selection, you can see fonts such as Arial, Arial Black, Comic Sans, Courier New, Georgia, Times New Roman and others:
Setting up the keyboard layouts
In order to add additional keyboard layouts, you must download in turn: the parameters of the system. Keyboard. On the layout tab, click the button will appear the layout selection menu. Select the required layout, then click the Add button:
In addition, you can choose a combination of hot keys to switch layouts. Press the parameters button. In the list of options, switching to another layout, mark the required flag. The settings will be used automatically:
Installation of codecs
Various digital formats, compression and encryption algorithms are used to create a video or audio. To view or listen to such content, special programs are used. codecs.
Launch the terminal and complete the next command (Root rights will be required):
Sudo Apt Update Sudo Aptall Mint-meta-Codecs
Codecs will be installed or updated, as in this case:
Relatively recently, Canonical has developed a universal SNAP installation package. Unlike APT or YUM, stably working only with their OS options, SNAP is self.sufficient and not tied to the version of the operating system.
Snap installation in the terminal window. By default, SNAPD installation using APT is prohibited. In order to get around this ban, delete the NOSNAP configuration file.Pref:
Increase in the screen area
An increase in the screen area is not the same as an increase in the size of the text. This is more like a magnifying glass that can be moved along the screen and increase its individual parts.
Open The Activities OverView and Start Typing Accessites.
Click on Accessibility to Open The Panel.
Click the scaling in the vision section.
Switch The Zoom Switch in the Top-Dright Corner of the Zoom Options Window To on.
Now, moving the mouse, you can move the “magnifying glass” in various directions to consider the desired area of the screen.
To quickly turn on or disable the screen increase, you can press the special capabilities in the upper panel and change the position of the switch scaling.
You can make the Magnification Factor, The Mouse Tracking, and the Position of the Magnified View on the Screen. Adjust these in the Magnifier Tab of the Zoom Options Window.
To make it easier to find a mouse cursor or touch panel, you can turn on the crossroads. Turn them on and configure the length, color and thickness in the settings window scaling in the crossbreak tab.
You can invert the video or white on black and configure the brightness, contrast and the parameters of the shades of gray for the increase. The combination of these parameters is required by people with weak vision, any degree of photophobia, or simply when using a computer in conditions of adverse lighting. Choose the color effect in the scaling settings window for activating and changing these parameters.
You can chooose the displayed language by Adding a Language Suffix to the Web Address So Its with E.Ghtml.En OR.HTML.de. IF the Web Address Has No Language Suffix, The Preferred Language Specific in Your Web Browser Settings is Used. For your conveenience: [Change to English Language | Change to Browser’s Preferred Language]
The Material in this doCumbity is Availble Under a Free License, See Legal for Details. For Information on Contributing See The Ubuntu Documentation Team Wiki Page. To report errors in this doCumbment, File a Bug.
The use of a graphic intese
When you click the “system display settings”, you should have scaling options only 1x (100%) or 2x (200%). Unlike Ubuntu 20.04, the option of fractional scaling was not available for its previous assemblies, but was added as an experimental function, which could be turned on using DCONF-Editor and console commands.
To enable fractional scaling, just perform the following actions.
DCONF-Editor can be downloaded from the Ubuntu software store. In the store window, find “DCONF-Editor” and click on the first result. Click “install” to continue.
Another way to install DCONF-Editor is to use the command terminal. Run the command terminal by pressing Ctrl Alt T on the keyboard, and enter the next command:
The installation process in the terminal should look like in the image below.
Inclusion of experimental functions
Having completed the installation, press the “launch” to open the editor of DCONF, go to “Org Gnome Mutter” and find “experimental functions”.
The window should look like in the image below.
Remove the “Use default” checkbox.
Adding your own script.
If you use x11, enter [’x11-radr-fabric scaling’] in square brackets to change the customizable value.
If you use Wayland, enter the [’SCALE-monitor-FRAMEBUFFER’] in square brackets to change the customizable value.
When you finish, close the editor, open the settings menu and go to the display settings. Now you should have settings for a wide set of values. To cancel the changes, just delete the values in the DCONF editor.
Using the terminal
Those of you who are familiar with the team terminal can directly include these functions through the command terminal.
You can directly turn on the fractional scaling by opening the command terminal and by typing the following commands in the console.
Having done this, return to the display settings, moving to the “settings” “display”.
Now there should be many scales to choose from.
The next team should help you reset the changes:
Hot keys in Linux Mint Cinnamon
The Linux Mint key combinations below are set by default and are relevant for distributions with the graphic environment of Cinnamon.
|Combination of keys||Meaning|
|CTRLALTVNIZ||Show the window selection screen|
|CTRLALTV||Show the screen of the working area|
|CTRLLTV||Switch to the right working area|
|CtrLaltvo||Switch to the left working area|
|Superd||Show the desktop|
|Superl||Turn on/off Looking Glass|
|Alttab||Switching between open windows|
|Altf2||Dialog box “Perform a command”|
|Altf5||Restore the previous window size|
|Altf7||Move the window|
|Altf8||Change the size of the window|
|Altf4||Close a window|
|Altprobel||Activate the window menu|
|Altf10||Switch the state of detonance|
|Superlevo||Attach the window on the left|
|Supervo||Attach the window on the right|
|Superring||Attach the window from below|
|Super||Attach the window from above|
|Ctrlsuperlevo||Attach the window on the left with the protection against the overlap of other windows|
|Ctrlsupervo||Attach the window on the right with the protection against the overlap of other windows|
|Ctrlsuperiase||Attach the window from below with protection against other windows|
|Ctrlsuper||Attach the window from above with protection against imposing other windows|
|SHIFTCTRLALTVEVEV||Move the window to the left working area|
|SHIFTCTRLALTV||Move the window to the right work area|
|Shiftsuperlevo||Move the window to the left monitor|
|Shiftsupervo||Move the window to the right monitor|
|Shiftsuperiasis||Move the window to the lower monitor|
|Shiftsuper||Move the window to the upper monitor|
|CtrLaltl||Close the screen|
|Superp||Repeat the search for displaying devices|
|Supero||Prohibit the automatic turn of the screen|
|ShiftPrint||Take a picture of the selected screens|
|Take a picture of the entire screen|
|SHIFTCTRLPRINT||Copy a picture of the screen in the exchange buffer|
|Ctrlprint||Copy a screen of the screen in the exchange buffer|
|AltPrint||Take a picture of the window|
|CtrLaltPrint||Copy a window picture to the exchange buffer|
|ShiftrLaltr||Turn on or off the desktop recording mode|
|Supere||Open a home folder|
|CtrLaltt||Run the terminal emulator|
|Altum the volume||Reduce the volume|
|Altus volume||Increase the volume|
|Altsuper =||Increase (special opportunities)|
|Altsuper-||Reduce (special opportunities)|
Note: Super is better known as the Win key, it is usually drawn by Windows logo.
Hot key setting in Linux Mint Cinnamon
The Linux Mint Cinnamon key combination can be edited at your discretion. to change standard combinations to convenient user, delete or add your own. Cinnamon environment allows you to edit hot keys, regardless of whether they were assigned to developers or user. The reassignment procedure for the key combinations:
- Select the Linux Mint key combination in the menu that you want to change.
- Click on it with the left mouse button. the inscription will appear, select the accelerator.
- Immediately after that, pick up the desired combination on the keyboard. When release the buttons, the inscription, select the accelerator will disappear, and in its place you will have the key combination you choose.
If you change your mind to change something, click Escc. You can cancel the operation before a new combination is installed.
How to add a key combination
There are two ways to add hot keys. As you might notice, a lot of teams are spelled out in the menu for which combinations were not assigned to developers. If necessary, you can install them yourself, according to the same principle described in the “editing” paragraph.
Please note that for each of the commands you can set additional combinations. There may be no more than three of them. This is convenient if you use different layouts and do not want to constantly switch between them, or periodically work in programs where the same hot keys are assigned as in the operating system, but their pressing causes other actions.
You can also add user combinations. To do this, the same button at the bottom of the window is intended. Click it and a new window will appear on the screen.
In the “Title” field, indicate why the key combination will be used, and in the “command” field, write down the corresponding command. as they would do in the terminal. If you need a combination for launching a file, select this very file using a button with the image of the camera. When everything is ready, click add.
The new team will appear in the section additional key combinations. However, to make it earned, you need to tie a combination of buttons to it. You can do this by clicking the left button on the phrase is not assigned and repeating the manipulations described in the editing point.
Removal delete the key combination
If any of the combinations of hot keys is no longer needed, it can be removed. User combinations are completely deleted. both the team and the combination of the keys that start it:
- Click the left button on the name of the command.
- Press the Remove the Combinations button (it is located in the lower right side of the window).
In pre.installed combinations, only key binding are available:
- Select the desired combination and click on it with the left mouse button. The inscription should appear, select the accelerator.
- Press the Backspace button on the keyboard.
Be careful. in both cases, removal occurs without a request for confirmation of removal. However, even if you accidentally deleted the right combination, it can be restored by adding it again.
Astra Linux operating systems
Operational updates and guidelines
Astra Linux operating systems are designed for use as part of information (automated) systems for processing and protection purposes 1) information of any access category 2): public information, as well as information, access to which is limited by federal laws (limited access).
1) from unauthorized access; 2) in accordance with the Federal Law of 27.07.2006 49-ФЗ “On Information, Information Technologies and On Information Protection” (Article 5, Clause 2).
Operating systems Astra Linux Common Edition and Astra Linux Special Edition have developed a team of open joint-stock company “Scientific and Production Association Russian Basic Information Technologies” and are based on free software. Since December 17, 2019, the copyright holder, developer and manufacturer of the special-purpose operating system “Astra Linux Special Edition” is Rusbateh-Astra LLC.
On Web sites https: // Astralinux.ru/and https: // wiki.Astralinux.RU provides detailed information about the developed operating systems of the Astra Linux family, as well as technical documentation for users of operating systems and software developers.
We will be grateful to you for questions and suggestions that will improve our products in your interests and adapt them to the tasks you are solving!
The open.access repository of the Internet for the Astra Linux Special Edition operating system is not. The operating system spreads through DVD-Disk.
Information about the network repositories of the ASTRA Linux Common Edition operating system you can receive in the article Connecting repositories with packages in ASTRA Linux OS and installing packages.
In order to ensure compliance with the certified operating systems Astra Linux Special Edition, the requirements for information security, Rusbatetek-astra LLC, releases the next and operational updates.
The next updates (versions) are designed for:
Operational updates are designed for the operational elimination of vulnerabilities in specimens in operation, and are a safety ballot that is available in the form:
Due to the improvement of regulatory documents in the field of information protection and in order to ensure compliance with the relevant information safety requirements, as well as ensure their long-term operation, including performance on modern computer equipment, it is recommended to plan on the regular basis for the use of next and operational basis. updates of the operating system.
How to change the screen resolution in Linux Mint 20.1 Mate
After installing the operating system, it should itself set the optimal resolution of the screen. But sometimes this does not happen and the user has to independently change it. If you take Windows, then everything is simply there, but with Linux systems there may be difficulties. You can change permissions in them in two ways using the terminal but only experienced users will cope with this or using a graphic inteusion. But even using a graphic shell, not an experienced user, it will still be difficult to do this. Since finding these settings will not be easy. Today I want to tell and show how this is done in the Linux Mint 20 operating system.1 Mate. Consider both options.
Before continuing to continue to recommend you previously written articles on the theme of the Linux Mint 20 OS settings.one.
How to increase the font size in Ubuntu Linux
As described above, if the font size is small and it is difficult for you to read, you can increase the size so that you are pleased to read.
Ubuntu Linux has a centralized location for most of its settings. From the configuration of the system to creating new users and updating. all this can be done with the System Settings panels.
Or click the “System” menu in the upper right corner of the upper panel on the desktop.
How to set a Custom Screen Resolution in Linux
In the “System” menu, select “Settings”, as shown below.
In the “Settings” application, click “Special Opportunities” tiles. To open the panel.
In the “System Parameters” section. “Confidentiality”. “Special capabilities” in the “Vision” section, set the “large text” switch to the “VCL” position.”To increase the size of the text in Ubuntu Linux.
To restore the default size, set the switch large text to the offline.
Ubuntu fonts and text size should automatically increase after the actions described above. Large text scales the text by 1.2 times.
In many applications, the size of the text can be increased at any time by pressing Ctrl. To reduce the size of the text, click Ctrl-.
How to increase the font size in Ubuntu Linux from the command terminal
Then the same actions described above can be performed through the command line. To change the size of the text with a scaling coefficient by 1.5 times, perform the command below.
After that, the font size in Ubuntu Linux should be much larger than by default. In Ubuntu Linux, more advanced methods are possible; However, the above steps should be enough to increase the font size.
This post shows how to increase the font size in Ubuntu Linux. If you find any error above or want to add something, please use the comment form below.
How to change the screen resolution in Ubuntu
The second way is to change the settings through the terminal. If the corresponding sign is not in the left panel of the desktop, then the icon must be found, and then drag the terminal to the left panel.
Then it is opened and performed by the following actions:
- Xrandr. this team will show which systems have available permits in the system. The option that is currently established at the moment will be designated as “VGA-1 Connected Primary 1920×97500. In a particular case, the numbers can be others.
- They substitute their parameters that want to change, and find out if the operating system is able to provide this opportunity: enter the command: CVT 1280×960 60.
- After the output of the results, the operation copy the line after the word Modeline: “1280x960_60” 6.25 1280 1320 1440 1600 60 63 73 76.HSYNC VSYNC.
- The given value is inserted after the command: Xrandr.-NewMode “1280x960_60” 6.25 1280 1320 1440 1600 60 63 73 76.HSYNC VSYNC.
- Adding an integration to the selected resolution. To do this, you need to write the following command: Xrandr.-Addmode vga-1 1280x
- Install the selected resolution to another team: Xrandr.-Output VGA-1.-Mode 1280x
- Create a script that will launch the right option: first a folder with a name.bin, then. a file, for example, Screen.SH.
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The terminal is added to the auto load file: Sudo Gedit/Usr/Share/Lightdm/Lightdm.Conf.D/50-Unity-Greeter.Conf.
Display-Setup-Script =/Home/Al/.BIN/Screen.SH. Way to the desired Screen file.SH.
After rebooting, the required resolution will be available, it can be used.
How to change the brightness of the laptop screen in Ubuntu
Important! These methods are suitable only for the Ubuntu family. Although it is similar in the principles of Debian, nevertheless, the regulation of the brightness of the Linux and Debian screen can differ significantly.
It is enough to adjust one package (program), and then update the system. You can adjust the parameters using the installed package to adjust the brightness of the Ubuntu laptop. This can be done in three operations from the terminal:
- Adding a repository for downloading a package: Sudo Add-Apt-Repository PPA: Indicator-Brightness/PPA;
- The update of the system in order to catch the dependencies: Sudo Apt-Get Update;
- Loading and installing the package itself: Sudo Apt-Get Install Indicator-Brightness.
If this method does not fit, it is necessary to carry out a more thorough setting. There is another method through editing the GRUB file:
- They open the terminal, enter the command: Sudo Gedit/etc/default/grub;
- Then you need to find the following line: grub_cmdline_linux_default = “quiet splash”;
- And then you need to replace with this: grub_cmdline_linux_default = “Quiet splash acpi_backlight = Vendor”;
- Next, update GRUB: Sudo Update-Grub.
This method may well help to change the settings. After these actions, holding the FN key and pressing the up/down or those buttons where the brightness icons are drawn, it can be reduced or increased.
Important! As for other distributions, for example, in Linux Mint, the brightness of the screen can be changed in similar ways. Since the Ubuntu operating system is close in parameters.
How to increase the scale in Ubuntu 19.ten?
Put Ubunta on a laptop, but everything is very small at 100% scale. The way to turn on the additional scale through parameters was used. With 125%, the scale becomes huge for some reason. Not a worker did not google. Help me please.
Simple 13 Комментарии и мнения владельцев
Ronald McDonald, set. Got better. Thanks to. But still, this is perhaps a normal solution if I have a resolution of 1920×1080?
Sotvm, I thought, and the image of the MPH in LNU does not violate the rules of the toaster? He looked. I did not find a clear ban. 🙂
Sotvm, I did it. The situation has become better, but not everything has increased. For example, the text of messages in Telegram did not increase. In browsers too. Apparently, for this you still need to change permission.
This is a bug. When choosing 125%, 200%is still cut.
Solution. Put the Tweaks from Softu Software Center. There, go to FONTS (fonts) and at the very bottom of Scaling Factor (scale) put at 1.25. The size of not only the font is changing, but also most of the elements. And it is not necessary to reduce the screen resolution.
How to change the screen resolution through the terminal
To control the screen settings from the terminal, you can use the Xrandr utility. The syntax of the utility is very simple:
We will analyze the main options of the utilities that we will use:
- Verbose. enable a more detailed conclusion;
- Version. Version of the program;
- Query. When this option is established or no options are specified, the current configuration is displayed;
- -D.-Display. allows you to indicate which X screen use by name;
- -S.-Screen. sets the display for configuration by ID;
- Output. sets the display for configuration by name or ID;
- Primary. select the main screen;
- Size. allows you to specify the size of the screen;
- Rate. sets the frequency of update;
- DPI. sets DPI, the number of dots per inch, which allows you to calculate the correct size for windows;
- NewMode. creates a new display mode in size and frequency;
- RMMMode. removes the display mode;
- Addmode. adds the created mode to the list available for use;
- Delmode. Delete the mode from the list available;
- Mode. activates the specified mode;
- Off. disconnects the screen;
- Gamma. Allows you to establish a range of gamma, in the format red: green: blue;
To see the current system parameters, run the utility without parameters:
As you can see, two screens are connected to my system:
Several permits are available for each screen, the current resolution was marked by the stars. To change the resolution of the Linux screen to one of the available, use the option.-Mode with.-Output:
Now the star is displayed near the resolution of 1680×1050.
Ok, we figured out how to add one of the existing resolutions. In fact, the same as in the graphic integration. But if there is no desired permission in the list, then it can be added. To do this, first you need to convert a regular entry into the VESA format. To do this, use the CVT utility. For example, we will create a mode with a resolution of 2000×1100 and the update frequency 60:
Then you need to copy everything that is written after “Modeline” from the output of the utility. It remains to use the copied text in Xrandr:
Xrandr.-NewMode “2000x1100_60.00 “183.75 2000 2136 2344 2688 1100 1103 1113 1141.HSYNC VSYNC
Add the newly created resolution to the list available for the screen we need:
And then we activate, as described above:
Xrandr.-Output HDMI-1.-Mode 2000x1100_60.00
But be careful with new permissions. If you set the resolution higher than your monitor supports, then it simply will not show. But such a thing can be useful with VirtualBox, or if the computer does not determine that your monitor supports higher resolution.
To save the settings after rebooting, add a command to activate the resolution to the configuration file ~/.XProfile:
The file syntax is very similar to ~/.Xinitrc. All commands from it are automatically executed at the start of the session. Or you can use any other auto.loading method that works after starting x.
In this article, we examined several ways to configure the resolution of the Linux screen using a graphic integration or through the terminal. As you can see, this is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.
The article extends under the Creative Commons Sharealike 4 license.0 When copying the material, the link to the source is required.
about the author
Founder and administrator of the site Losst.ru, I am fond of open software and the Linux operating system. I use Ubuntu as the main OS now. In addition to Linux, I am interested in everything related to information technology and modern science.
26 Комментарии и мнения владельцев
maybe someone will come in handy, if there is nothing more
I really have a problem to fully not solved with the connection of 4K TV LG 49 Inches to PC by HDMI cable.I tried all the most famous distributions stopped at Ubuntu 18.04 Although I noticed not so much in the Disters problems as in de de.GTK still somehow adequately work on open drivers with 49 Inches display and Qt how much has tormented something over 32 inches still cannot be configured. On the Nuwo Driver, at least permission can be installed acceptable, but there is a tiring problem with mac assertion and other flaws.Immediately put the proprietary NVIDIA driver so the TV with PC refuses to give the desired result.Then the image is not the same screen of the screen then the picture is not high quality, on the same PC 2, the Windows 10 system determines perfectly automatically. And in Linux, you can still configure with handles. nvidia driver generally tin.Most infuriates if you use an acceptable resolution for example, for example 1920×1080, then the picture does not fit into the screen or is obliquely or fonts are lubricated.In general, while the Mo.tirer is more or less.But this is a fact who connects larger monitors or TVs.
I highly recommend the author: 1) create a list of topics for software and iron; 2) conduct a survey among visitors to the site; 3) on the basis of this survey, build your further policy! ))) Write. and we will write you the necessary articles))) in fact. everything is very simple)))
Yes, it would be possible to make from content and the content of this author likes a lot of interesting things, I learned it, I could make more active and useful if not the forum, but Комментарии и мнения владельцев for help, especially Linux.like systems in our hands.