Installation Windows 7/10: From downloading to desktop
It is no secret that one of the main source of income of computer services and “computer scientists” is the notorious reinstallation of Windows. Now you can decently save on this, just doing everything the same as in this article. You can independently install Windows 7-10 on your computer, laptop or netbook. I tried to explain every step as accessiblely as possible and provide several options for the development of events.
How to Install Windows 7 From a CD or DVD Tutorial Guide Walkthrough
In fact, everything is quite simple, but for clarity I divided the process into several points, and not all steps are required for each. At the same time, points can be held in several ways, depending on what is more suitable for you. Methods are in order to prefer, from my point of view. T.e., If the first method has worked, then the rest do not waste our time.
In short, the whole process looks like this: first, the image of Windows from the Internet is downloaded (the image is a copy of the real disk) and is recorded on your DVD-disk or flash drive. You can take a finished disk, for example from a friend. Hereinafter, the text under the flash drive is also understood as a memory card or an external hard drive.
Then, the computer load from a DVD or from a flash drive is set and the installation process begins, which is similar to the installation of one large program. At the end, it is necessary to install devices drivers if required. The process of installing Windows 7 or 10 is almost no different, and everything described is suitable for any version of Windows.
If you already have a installation disc with Windows 7/10, then immediately go to paragraph 5.
If you bought a new HDD or SSD-disk, you can simply transfer the old system to a new disk.
How to install 2 Windows per 1 computer
Using the Virtual Box program (virtual machine emulator)
The purpose of this program is to create a virtual computer on which you can install any other operating room. For the virtual computer, part of the resources is allocated. For example, if you have two processor cores, then one can be given to virtual. If 2 and more memory gigs, then 1 or more can be placed at the disposal of virtualists. In general, each operating room creates its own virtual environment.
The program allows you to automatically select the necessary settings for any axis. Russian Inte We will help you figure out how to configure it. After setting, the selected operating room is installed as usual. To use an additional operating room, it is enough to start VirtualBox and choose the right one if there are several. Then you can switch between the main and additional. Since the additional works in the Virtualbox window. In fact, access is at the same time to both operating rooms.
This method is suitable only for work directly with additional OS. For example, familiarization, removal of a video about a new OS, conducting experiments, testing drivers or programs, etc.D. You can install several operations and then run them in turn in the window. This method is suitable for more than those who are engaged in testing and describing new axes, and programs.
- You can quickly install and remove any number of different operations;
- There is access to both operating rooms at the same time, since the second works in the window;
- If you have a main operating room 32 discharge on your PC, then installing 64 discharge will no longer work, regardless of the processor;
- For serious work, if you have a 1/2-core processor or in memory of less than 4 GB, additional Windows are not suitable, since only part of the resources are used and have restrictions, accordingly, have restrictions. Therefore, they work much slower than the main;
- Applications can be launched on the second Windows, but also within a limited limits and, accordingly, in a slow mode.
- In case of failure of the main operating room, the second cannot be launched.
I think this is quite enough to leave this method for experiments, as it is intended.
How to install 2 windows per 1 computer if only one hard drive
One hard drive on a computer is a fairly common, standard situation. The solution here is quite simple. It consists in the fact that on the drive you need to create two sections for operations. Both are desirable to be the main. And third section for data. It is advisable to create all volumes during the installation of the first OS. You install the first system in the first volume. The installer will tear off a piece of 100 MB from the first volume and create a reserve for the system. Therefore, in reality, the first operating room will be installed in the second section. And the second will have to be installed in the third. As shown in the figure below.
An important rule for installing different Windows
If you install two different Windows, for example, Win XP and Win 7 or Win 7 and Vin 10, then you should first install a more old version and only then a new one. Otherwise, the new one will not allow you to install the old.
You install the second Windows as usual, only in the next free section. When you get to the selection of the type of installation, select “Complete installation”. Otherwise Windows on the first hard drive to update. But you don’t need that.
After installation, you will have a menu for choosing a loaded axis.
The menu is available at the very beginning of the computer loading before starting Windows. In the first picture menu for choosing Windows XP or Windows 7.
On a black background, you see the download dispatcher from Windows 7. Windows XP from almost the same. For wines 8. 10 The download dispatcher looks a little different:
The resulting system works as follows:
- The processor turns to a hard drive for loading the axis.
- In the drive of the drive, it detects a link to the download dispatcher located in the reserved section.
- Launches the system download dispatcher.
- On the screen you see the menu.
- Choose the desired operating room and press the “Enter” button.
OS selection menu settings
The menu subsequently can be configured from any Windows. Change the name of the menu items, indicate which operating room should be loaded automatically, when the computer is turned on, and after how many seconds of waiting.
To do this, open the “control panel”, click the “system and safety” link, and there. “system”. On the left side of the window, click the link “Additional parameters of the system”. Select the “Additionally” tab and press the “Parameters” button in the “Download and Restoration” section. Choose which OS will be loaded automatically by default and after what time.
- There is a menu for choosing an OS;
- Each Windows does not depend on the other;
- Windows are full-functional and use all resources. Therefore, they work at all power and as quickly as possible depending on the settings;
- Increased reliability.
- It is necessary to observe a certain sequence of OS installation;
- There is no way to quickly switch between the installed Windows;
- In the case of the carrier failure, the second Windows also becomes inaccessible;
How to install Windows 7 (for beginners)
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Install Windows 7? To do this, you do not need to be a specialist or use complex instructions. You can install Windows 7 with a DVD-disk or flash drive. You can also update the old version of Windows to Windows 7. If you fulfill the full installation of the system, all data on the computer will be erased. If the system is updated, the data will not be affected. Remember that you will need the key of the Windows 7 product (or buy Windows 7 for 30 days from the date of installation).
Create a backup copy of important files. Do this, since the full installation of the system will lead to the destruction of data on the hard drive. Save a backup copy on another hard drive, external hard drive, flash drive or cloud storage, for example, in Google disk or Dropbox.
Reload the computer. Press the power button on the computer, and then select “Reload” in the menu.
- If you do not see this menu, enter the name and version (you will find them on the main BIOS screen) of your BIOS in the search engine (for example, in Yandex) to find detailed information.
Select CD/DVD-drive as the main computer loading device. Your actions will depend on the BIOS version, but in most cases in the menu with download parameters you will find a list of devices connected to the computer-in this list, select the CD/DVD/Blu-ray disc and move it up the lists. If you are confused, read the information on the network or instructions for a computer/motherboard.
Insert the Windows 7 installation disk into an optical drive. Press the button on the CD/DVD/Blu-Ray disc, put the Windows 7 installation disk on the tray, and then click on the button on the disc.
Save changes in BIOS. Click on the button indicated on the screen; You can also select the corresponding option in the BIOS menu.
Turn off the computer. In the current system, select the “completion” option or simply hold the power button until the computer is turned off.
- If the mentioned message is not displayed, perhaps you made a mistake. Repeat the previous actions, and most importantly, make sure that in BIOS the optical drive is chosen with the main loading device.
Set the system installation parameters. When the Windows installer loads, its window will open. In the menu in this window, select the tongue, layout of the keyboard, the format of time and monetary units. Now click “Next” in the lower right corner.
Agree with the terms of the Microsoft software license. To do this, read them and set the flag near the option “I accept the terms of the license”. Now click “Next” in the lower right corner.
Windows 7 installation process
If the computer meets systemic requirements, you have an installation medium, Windows activation code and all the necessary drivers, you can start installing Windows.
Construction of valuable files
If you are going to install Windows on a new computer on which there is no valuable information, this stage can be skipped and proceed to the next.
If there are such files on the computer, they must be pre.copying on a USB flash drive, a removable disk, CD, DVD or a carrier of any other type. The fact is that during installations of Windows 7 Files on the computer will be fully or partially erased.
How To Install Windows Os In External Hard Disk in hindi
The current distribution of the disk space of the computer on the logical sections should be evaluated. Logical sections. These are separate catalogs that virtually divided the hard drive or SSD of a computer.
Suppose that if your computer is installed on a 500 GB hard drive, this space can be divided into several logical sections that are displayed in my computer as a local disk C, the local disk d, the local disk E and t.D. The sum of their volumes is equal to the total volume of the memorable device of the computer (see. screenshot).
Windows 7 will be installed in one of these sections (usually this is a local disk C). As mentioned above, the volume of this logical section should be at least 16 GB (and preferably 20-30 GB or more). If your computer does not have a local disk of a suitable size, then in the process installations of Windows 7 It will have to be redistributed by the entire disk space of the computer to increase the disk C by reducing other logical discs. In the process of redistribution, all the information located on the computer will probably be erased.
If one of the local discs is suitable in size, the space can not be redistributed and the Windows 7 is installed in it. Only the files located on this disk will be erased, on other logical discs, information will be saved.
Please note that the files located on the computer desktop, as well as in the “My Documents” folder, are actually placed on the local disk C and will be deleted in the process of reinstalling Windows. In any case, they need to be copied to another medium.
Launching the Windows 7 installation program
Windows 7 files on the installation DVD or on the created installation flash drive are in a compressed (softer) state. During the installation process, they are unpacking (deployment) and transferring to a hard drive or SSD of a computer.
The program that performs and transfer is also on the installation disk or flash drive. It is called Windows installation program and performs the lion’s share of the work on its own. By and large, everything you need to do to install Windows 7. be able to launch this program and answer several of its questions in the course of installation.
A computer, laptop or netbook is arranged so that during the launch, the first thing he determines all the carriers connected to it and searches among them some kind of storage device (hard drive, optical disk, flash drive, memory card or other.) containing the files of the operating system or other similar program. Having found these files, the computer loads them into RAM (loads).
To start the process of installing (reinstalling) Windows 7, it is necessary to connect our installation medium to the computer (disk or flash drive, see. above), turn on or restart the computer and make it load using the files located on this medium.
No problems will arise if you install Windows 7 on a new computer or on a computer with an absolutely empty hard drive (SSD). It is enough to connect a installation disk or flash drive to it and turn it on (restart) it. First, the computer will check the hard drive. Not finding any files there, it will scan CD/DVD drive, then the case will reach the USB carriers and t.D. Having discovered the installation program on one of them, the computer will start it on its own.
The situation looks a little different if it is about reinstalling Windows 7 or installing it on a computer instead of some other operating system. The fact is that, by default, the computer, when starting, first checks the computer’s hard disk (SSD), and if it already has an operating system, it uploads it (there is no other devices checking). Therefore, in this case, the computer must first be forced to look for loading files on the installation medium.
The sequence of checking with a computer of storage devices can be adjusted in several ways:
Through menu for choosing a loading device (there are not all computers).
As a rule, the choice menu is activated by holding the F8 key (you need to press and hold or often press the F8 key) after starting the computer). In laptops, instead of F8, some other key can be used (F10, F2 or DR.).
The choice menu is a list of devices on a blue background (see screenshot). To choose among them the one from which you need to download the computer, you need to move the release to it (using the “up” or “down” keys) and press the Enter key.
BIOS (basic input-output system) has any computer or laptop. This is a set of basic programs governing the system of operation of the system. To open the BIOS, you must immediately press and hold the DEL (Delete) key after starting the computer. On some computers, instead of DEL, some other key can be used (F2, F4, F5, F10 or DR.).
Most often, BIOS is lists of various options in English grouped in sections. In one of these sections, it is necessary to find a item called “first boot”, “first boot devi”, “1st boot devi” or somehow differently with the word boot (see. screenshot). In this paragraph, you need to select the value of CD/DVD-drive or USB device (depending on what type of carrier is used for installation), and then press F10 and then Enter. For navigation and changes in BIOS points, use keys with the arrows “to the right”, “left”, “up”, “down” (to move the allocation and transition from one section to another), as well as the Enter and ESC keys (to activate and cancel the activation points).
If you are going to reinstall
Take care of the safety of your important files. those that can be on a system disk with. These are usually photographs, documents, music, etc.D., which are in the system folders of the “My Documents” section. Anyway, if there is, something important on the disk C, transfer it to the disk D, if any. If there is no disk, but there is a fairly large amount of free space on your disk with. Then you can create D disc using the acronis program. How to use it is told in the article how to break the disk into sections in Acronis Disk Director. When this is not possible, all important data will have to be saved on an external medium (CD/DVD/Flesh/USB-Disk). And then create D of the Drim During the installation process of Windows. How to do this correctly described in the article how to break the disk into sections for installing Windows.
Take care of the availability of drivers for the motherboard of your PC. As a rule, CD/DVD with drivers is always attached to the motherboard. But the situations are different. You broke it, lost, bought a used computer without a disk. You can save the drivers all at once and then restore it later after reinstalling Windows using special programs, such as “Driver Genius”. The same function is in the super utility package. Drivers can be downloaded separately from the sites of the manufacturers of the motherboard, video cards, etc.D. You can use the Driverpack Solution program, which will select new versions of drivers for all your devices and offer them to update. Be that as it may, but the drivers should be in your hands and you must have access to them. Especially the network card driver. Otherwise, you risk being left without access to the Internet and then you will not be able to download the missing drivers and programs. The Internet will have to be accessed in another way, for example, through a mobile modem or Wi-Fi.
Decide which operating system do you want to install or which you just need to install. Your choice will depend on your needs and on the equipment that you have. What you should pay attention to the article WHAT IS WHOSE WINDOS. You can download the desired version of Windows on the site Zverdvd. Having previously registered on the forum.
Have a Windows installation disc. If you do not have a Windows installation disk, then you can create it yourself. How to do this is described in detail in the article How to create a Windows boot disk yourself if you need a boot flash drive instead of a disk, then how to create it is described in the article how to create a bootable flash drive.
You also need to learn how to configure the BIOS for downloading a computer with CD/DVD/Flesh. How to do this you can find out by reading the article Setting BIOS for installing Windows.
If you have a completely new computer or new hard drive, then Windows is installed for the first time and paragraph 1 will not worry you in terms of data safety. But the next four will have to work out.
I hope you are already well prepared for the installation of Windows and now you can start. Next, you will get acquainted with the Windows 7 installation process itself. We will not consider the renewal process since it does not represent any complexity and interest at all, and most importantly, it does not reveal all the important points of installation from zero. It can only be applied when switching to a newer version of Windows, if desired, to save all the programs and settings that were made in the old version. Perhaps you will never need an update. But Windows installation, especially pure installation. This is what you need to be able to always do, so as not to depend on all kinds of masters with crooked hands and excessive curiosity.
Independently and correctly install Windows 10. 7, XP. This is at least to increase the safety of your data. In this article, we will consider the Windows installation process by the example of Windows 7 installation. Everything that is said in this article fully applies to Windows 8, 8.1, 10 as well as Vista. As for XP, the difference is only in the appearance of the installer. And all actions remain the same.
How to install Windows via BIOS from a flash drive. entrance to BIOS
First we need to enter the BIOS (BIOS. Basic Input/Output System-“Basic input and Walking System”). At the initial stage of the computer loading, everything is done by this system. She tests all equipment including all possible carriers of operating systems and creates lists where they can be loaded from. If your computer is turned on, it must be turned off completely and then turn it on again. When you turn it on, you will see something like that of such a screen.
Or such as a little lower with a picture of a screensaver.
In the lower left corner in both cases there is an inscription. Which says “please press the” del “key to go to the installation program. This applies to desktop PC. For laptops and netbooks, the “F2” key is usually used. To go to the BIOS, the indicated key needs to have time to click while you can see the inscription. You can press and hold or press several times. After pressing the “Del” button, the installation program will be loaded quite quickly. And you will see one of the two most common options for the BIOS integer. In modern computers, the installation program can have a graphic integration, but it works mainly automatically and when you press the pictures only displays information about the state of PC.
Interface is a set of capabilities, methods and methods of interaction of two systems, devices or programs to exchange information between them. That is, it can be translated as a control screen or interaction screen.
Look at the top of the screen inscription “Award BIOS”. The next picture has the same inscription. This is the same Award (one of the most famous writers of BIOS), but uses different BIOS intenses. In fact, there is no big difference in these intenses. There is another very famous company Ami (American Megatrends, Inc). Its BIOS, by analogy with the previous one, are called Ami BIOS and can also have two similar integers.
In the upper picture on the blue screen, a list of menu sections is displayed, a description of control keys and a brief information is displayed at the bottom of what is contained in the illuminated section.
On the gray screen, the main information about the system is immediately displayed. And the menu is located in the upper part of the screen in one line.
To get from the first blue screen the menu on the same as on the gray background, it is enough to select the first menu item “Standart Cmos Features”. As you can see, the screens are quite similar. In the upper part there is information about the system time and system date. Then there is an information block about connected disk devices (hard drives and CD/DVD drives). There is information about connected or disconnected flexible disks (drives). As well as information about the amount of the established RAM. And there may be a few words about the messages issued by the system in the event of an error or accident when downloading a computer.
This is so for comparing integers. In fact, we will be interested in a completely different section.
Since we will have to consider two types of BIOS and the sequence of action will be a little different, I propose to further divide our article into two independent parts.
In the first part, we will consider how to install Windows via BIOS from a flash drive or how to set up BIOS for downloading from a flash drive with a blue screen and a separate screen menu screen.
In the second part, we will consider how to install Windows via BIOS from a flash drive or how to set up BIOS for loading from a gray screen and a menu located in the upper part.
How to install Windows from a flash drive through BIOS. part 1
And so BIOS with a blue intese. As you remember, a separate menu acts as the first screen of this BIOS. The number of items in this menu can vary greatly depending on the motherboard of the computer. BIOS is written for specific equipment. The more modern your motherboard is, the cooler the BIOS. And the cooler (multifunctional) BIOS, the larger the menu items can be. But the main points remain almost unchanged. Yes, I almost forgot: in the BIOS of this sample the mouse does not work, so we perform all the actions only keys. What and which keys can be done written in the bottom of the screen under the menu. There you can also see a brief information about what is in each section of the menu. The mouse can only be used in graphic intenses of the most modern BIOS.
Let’s start from the beginning. Before us is the first screen and our menu.
Here we choose the second point “Advanced Bios Features”. translated as “additional functions of BIOS”. I circled it in red.
On the screen that opened in the fourth line, where it is highlighted in red, the item is called “First Boot Device”. translated as “first boot device”. This device is the first to check for the presence of the operating system and load it. If the OS is detected, it loads. If the axis is not found on the first device, BIOS checks the second device, and then, if necessary, the third. So we are given the opportunity to manipulate well with this sequence.
How to install the operating system on a completely new computer
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From this article you will learn how to install the operating system on a new computer. To install Windows, insert a installation disk or a USB drive with the operating system, and then download the computer from the disk/drive. MAC computers are delivered with the installed operating system, but it can be reinstated in recovery mode for a clean hard drive.
Reload the computer. Press and hold the computer power button to turn it off, wait a few seconds, and then press the power button again to enable the computer.
- As a rule, in order to enter the BIOS, you need to press one of the F-clavish several times. They are located at the top of the keyboard; In some cases (usually on laptops) you need to hold the FN key and press the corresponding F-clavish.
- Read the instructions (paper or online) to a computer or motherboard to find out the key to enter the BIOS.
- The name of the section “Loading Procedure” depends on the BIOS version. If you fail to find this section, read the instructions (paper or online) to a computer or motherboard to find out how to work with BIOS.
Reload the computer. It will boot from a DVD display or USB drive and the installation of the operating system will begin.
What to do after installing Windows 7?
First of all, reboot the laptop or computer, go to the BIOS and change the priority of downloading devices backward. That is, put the hard drive (Hard Disk or HDD) in the first place, and lower CD-ROM or USB-HDD to the second or lower.
Also, after installing Windows 7, the Internet and USB-sides may not work. This is because there are no drivers. Therefore, at the next stage, install them.
It is for this that you need to prepare all the necessary drivers in advance before installing Windows 7. Especially on the Internet. After all, how do you download them if there is no access to the network?
First of all, it is recommended to put the driver on the motherboard. After installing them, the Internet and sound will appear. And then through the Internet you can find everything else. drivers for a video card, your favorite browser and other necessary programs. Read more about this here: how to configure Windows 7 after reinstalling?
And one more nuance. when you turn on a computer or laptop, you can display two Windows 7 (during boot).
The first. you installed, and the second. preserved in the hidden section (“Responced by the system”). However, an extra line can be removed. To do this, perform the following:
- Turn on a computer or laptop and press Win R (or start. perform) on the desktop, and then enter in the opened Msconfig window. Click Enter.
- Another window will open where you need to go to the “Download” tab. There will be at least 2 lines of Windows 7. The first is the current operating system (you don’t touch it, you are now loaded from it). And the second extra. Highlight it, press the “Delete” button, and then “apply”.
- After that, the system will need to restart a computer or laptop. Perform.
Ready. After rebooting, the second Windows 7 will no longer be, and you will not see the operating system selection menu.