How to convert an analog camcorder to digital
Number of video surveillance points: 1 or 2 or more (unlimited!) Webcams (IP cameras, USB, analog or wireless cameras).
Conditions: Great distance from the camera (at least on the other side of the planet!). The ability to view from anywhere in the world. The ability to post online video from a camera or several cameras at once on the website.
(We connect a network IP camera. A computer is not needed for work, more expensive, but reliable)
1 If there will be only one IP-camera, and with a connection to the local Internet network via cable (UPT-twisted pair Ethernet), then you need to select only a regular IP-video camera. 1 PC. over, the presence of Wi-Fi in the camera is not required. all IP cameras have a wired Ethernet connector. The camera is plugged into an Ethernet network connector with access to the Internet cable obtained by you from an Internet provider. over, when connecting to the Internet from your provider, indicate in the contract that you need a static IP address. Access and viewing from the camera is carried out by IP, for this it is enough in any browser in the “Address” line (not in the search engine! Namely, at the top, in the “address” field), type http: // your IP address and press Enter. and that’s it : You will be taken directly to the page with the video generated by your ip-camera. There are also models of PTZ and PTZ IP cameras that provide a page with the ability to control the camera online: rotate it, zoom in and out.
Note 1. Configuring the Internet connection in the IP camera itself. First, you need to connect the computer to the IP-camera via a patchcord (ordinary Ethernet UTP cable), go through the browser to the IP-camera settings (in the browser, in the “Address” line, type http://192.168.1.1 and press Enter. This is the default address have all IP cameras) and configure: specify the IP address (static IP address received from the provider) and the login / password for connecting to the Internet, also obtained from the provider. Then you need to click Save and reload (Reboot or Reload). Please note that now, in order to enter the IP camera settings again, in the browser in the “Address” line, you will need to type http: // your static IP address and press Enter.
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2 If there will be several IP cameras. from one or more pieces with a connection to the local Internet network via cable (UPT-twisted pair Ethernet), or ADSL, then in addition to cameras, a router (router) is required. The router has an input for connecting the Internet from the provider (if the provider has introduced an Ethernet cable to you, then you need a router with an Ethernet connector, and if ADSL, then with a connector for a dedicated line or a telephone line with a splitter). The router also has Ethernet output connectors (there are models that also have a Wi-Fi output. you can also connect wireless IP cameras with Wi-Fi to these). When choosing a router, buy such a model so that the number of outputs is not less than the number of IP cameras connected to it per one point of connection to the Internet. Well, and accordingly, choose several ordinary IP-cameras and / or Wireless IP-cameras with Wi-Fi. When connecting to the Internet with your ISP, indicate that you need a static IP-address and an access speed of at least 128 x Number of Ip-cameras kbit / s, but more is better. with a margin! For example, if we connect 10 cameras to one access point, then the tariff from the provider must be selected with a write speed (usually I indicate the read speed in the contract, and the recording can be lower) at least 1280 kbit / s, but it is better to take more, because when 2 people are connected to 1 of the cameras, the traffic from it doubles. 1280 kbit / s. calculated if 1 person is connected to 10 cameras at the same time. But do not dramatize everything like that. everything will work at any speed, but slower, and besides, there is no such thing that several people are constantly connected at the same time! Access and viewing from the camera is carried out by IP and port. First, you need to connect the computer to one of the external connectors of the router via a patchcord (ordinary Ethernet UTP cable), go through the browser to the router and configure routing: specify the ports and IP addresses. Each IP camera needs its own port. To do this, in the browser in the “Address” line, type http://192.168.1.1 and press Enter (all routers have this address by default) and you will go to the router settings, then go to the transfer section (depending on the model, usually Routing or Virtual Server), click Add, in the window enter the port from the external network, for example 8082 and where to redirect to the internal network, for example, to IP 192.168.1.2 and port 80 (standard), for the second camera. 8083, 192.168.1.3 and 80, for third camera. 8084, 192.168.1.4 and 80, etc. Then you need to click Save and reload (Reboot or Reload). To access any of your IP cameras, in any browser, in the “Address” line (not in the search engine! Namely, at the top, in the “address” field), type http: // Your static IP address: Port and click Enter (for example, if the provider gave you an address for example 18.104.22.168 and to get to the first camera we enter http://22.214.171.124:8082 or to the second one. http://126.96.36.199:8082). You will be taken directly to the video page, which is generated by one of your ip-cameras. There are also models of PTZ and PTZ IP cameras that provide a page with the ability to control the camera online: rotate it, zoom in and out.
Note 2. Settings for the internal LAN in the IP cameras themselves. First, you need to connect a patchcord (regular Ethernet UTP cable) to the computer to each of the IP cameras, go through the browser to the IP camera settings (in the browser, in the “Address” line, type http://192.168.1.1 and press Enter. This address all IP cameras have by default) and configure: specify the IP address of the internal network (and the address 192.168.1.1 is already taken. this is the address of the router), that is: for the first camera, change its IP address to 192.168.1.2. Then you need to click Save and reload (Reboot or Reload). Please note that now, in order to enter the IP-camera settings again, in the browser in the “Address” line, you will need to type http://192.168.1.2 and press Enter. We do the same for the second camera: Connect the patchcord to the computer, go to it at http://192.168.1.1. in its settings, change the address to 192.168.1.3. Save and reboot (Reboot or Reload), in the future its address will be 192.168.1.3. Similarly, other cameras. we change the IP: you can assign any in principle, the main thing is that they do not repeat and the first 3 digits are the same, and the last one is different for each device (router. 192.168.1.1. First camera. 192.168.1.2. the second camera is 192.168.1.3. the third camera is 192.168.1.4, etc.).
Example 2. Let’s consider routing setup for an inexpensive D-Link 500T ADSL router and two IP cameras. We assume that you have already connected to the Internet: you have chosen a provider, you have chosen the type of connection via ADSL with a static address issued by the provider, for example 188.8.131.52. as well as login and password to the provider. We connect one by one each of the IP cameras to the computer and change its IP address for each of them as indicated in the previous Note 2. Assign the IP address 192.168.1.2 for the first camera and 192.168.1.3 for the second. Next, we connect the router instead of the camera via patchcord to the computer. If you do not remember the IP address of the router or the password (if the router is not new), then there is a Reset button on the back of the device: turn off the power of the router, wait 10 seconds, press Reset for a few seconds and release. Reset to default settings done!
We go through the browser to the router settings (in the browser in the “Address” line, type http://192.168.1.1 and press Enter. This is the default address), enter the login and password (by default, the login is admin, the password is admin).
We go to “Home”, then to “WAN” and in the login, password fields, enter the login and password received from the provider. The “Static IP” field should be detected and show the static address allocated by the provider automatically. The router is connected to the Internet. Now he must constantly keep the Internet connection. We go to “Advanced”, then to “Lan Clients”. There will be a list with all the IP addresses from the internal network that our router will serve. Add new IPs one by one for each of the cameras: enter 192.168.1.2 in the “IP Address” field and the device name in the “Host Name” field, for example CAM1 and click “Add”. Similarly, add the second IP address for the second camera: in “IP Address”. 192.168.1.3. in the “Host Name” field. CAM1 and click “Add”. In the “Static Ardesses” section, 2 new IP addresses should appear: 192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.3. You can also add one or more “extra” IP addresses, for example 192.168.1.101 and 192.168.1.102. And by connecting 2 computers to the connectors of the router in addition to the cameras, we will get computers connected to the Internet from which you can fully access the Internet (for each computer, go to the “Control Panel.” “Local Area Connection” and set the ip-address in the field: 192.168. 1.101. Mask: 255.255.255.0. Gateway: 192.168.1.1 [ip-address of the router]. DNS: 192.168.1.1 [ip-address of the router]. For the first computer, for the second, everything is the same, only in the ip-address field: 192.168.1.102).
We go to “Advanced”, then to “Virtual Server”. This is the section with the list of routes. Select “Lan IP”. 192.168.1.2 and create the first route for the first IP camera: in the “Rules” window, select “User” and click “Add”. In the window that opens, enter Camera1 in the “Rule Name” field, select TCP in the “Protocol” field, enter 8082 in the “Port Start” and “Port End” fields, enter 80 in the “Port Map” field. For the second camera, select “Lan IP “- 192.168.1.3 and create a second route for the second IP camera: in the” Rules “window, select” User “and click” Add “. In the window that opens, enter Camera2 in the “Rule Name” field, select TCP in the “Protocol” field, enter 8083 in the “Port Start” and “Port End” fields, enter 80 in the “Port Map” field. Go to “Tools”, then go to “System” and click “Save and Reboot”. After about 10 seconds, the router will boot up with the new values and activate the new entered routes. Now, when you access from the Internet at http://184.108.40.206:8082, you immediately go to the first camera (the router receives a request for its external static IP 220.127.116.11 and port 8082, and since it has a configured route for this port. he immediately transfers the user to the internal IP 192.168.1.2 and standard port 80). Similarly, the second camera can be accessed from the Internet at http://18.104.22.168:8083. Please note that this model of the D-Link 500T router does not have a “Loop Back” mode. you cannot access the camera connected to the internal network from a computer also from the internal network by accessing the external IP address! Those. do not access the first IP camera (192.168.1.2) at http://22.214.171.124:8082 from the computer with the IP address 192.168.1.101 (used in our example) connected from the inside to the router)! To log in from your computer, you need to go to this IP camera at http://192.168.1.2 or 192.168.1.2:80 (: 80 can be omitted. this port is always used by default, if not entered). over, from all other computers, except for those that are connected to your router internally, the camera will always be available at http://126.96.36.199:8082. Similarly, the second IP-camera: from our computers we go to the address http://192.168.1.3. and from all others from the Internet. at http://188.8.131.52:8083.
(We connect the usual analog wireless, analog wired. To work, you need a constantly turned on computer, the cameras themselves are cheaper than IP cameras in cost, except for the cost of the computer and the electricity it consumes ;-))
1 Analog Cameras: This option requires an analog wireless camera and / or an analog wired camera. a total of 4 pcs. (40, 31, or 22 pieces of those and those)
2 To convert analog video signal to digital, you need a 4-channel video capture device. 1 PC. You can connect up to 8 cameras to one computer, for this you will need video capture devices. 2 pcs. In total, we will have 44 = 8 channels for connecting analog video cameras.
4 Software, for example WebCamXP. about its configuration in Example 3. see below.
(We connect a wireless USB camera or a regular wired USB camera to the IP camera mode. Wired USB cameras have a cable to a computer about 2 meters long, some models can be connected via a USB extension cable up to 10 meters, but not the fact that all USB models.cameras will work on a long cable. Most of them work confidently at 4 m. (2 m. at the camera itself, 2 m. extension cable), on longer cables, most USB-cameras begin to “glitch”! This does not apply to wireless USB-cameras. a constantly turned on computer, the cameras themselves are cheaper than IP cameras in cost, except for the cost of the computer and the electricity it consumes ;-))
1 USB cameras: This option requires a USB wireless camera and / or a USB wired camera. a total of maximum 4. 8 pcs. (limited by the number of USB-connectors on one computer, there are usually 4 or 8 of them, and some of them may be occupied by other devices, for example a mouse. There is an output. there are USB-splitters. so it will be possible to connect 16 cameras, but you need a powerful computer! )
3 Software such as WebCamXP
Note 3. To enable analog, wireless and USB cameras to work as software emulation of the same functions as in IP cameras, namely broadcasting video to the Internet, there are a number of programs, such as WebCamXP.
Example 3. Configuring the software using the WebCamXP program The WebCamXP program in its functionality is most suitable for use as an organization for viewing video from cameras via the Internet, because supports almost everything you need:
The “XP” in the name of the WebCamXP program does not mean that it works only under the Windows XP operating system! The WebCamXP program is universal and works under all operating systems, for example, under: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 2003 / Server, Windows 2008 / Server and even Windows 7 (32 and 64 bit) and Mobile PC
There are two modifications of this program: paid WebCamXP PRO and free WebCamXP Free, the difference is that only 1 video camera can be connected in the free version. Both versions can be downloaded on the official website of the program developer here. WebCamXP
But there are also unofficial free versions of the full-fledged WebCamXP PRO program with support for an unlimited number of cameras, with a crack. search the Internet for Patch webcamXP PRO 5_Patch.exe. We do not recommend using the patch for commercial purposes, but only as an introduction, because only the official version respects the developer’s copyright.
So, download, for example, WebCamXP PRO and install it on your computer. The procedure for setting up the program:
How to connect a camcorder to a computer
When it comes to digital IP cameras. everything is much simpler. They are connected via Ethernet via a switch, router or directly to the LAN PC network input. Next, you need to find out the IP address of the camera, credentials. username and password, which are usually indicated in the instructions for the IP camera, and log into it using a regular browser or software supplied with the video camera in the kit.
The situation is somewhat more complicated with analog video cameras. How to connect a regular camcorder to a computer? After all, he has no video input.
Here you can go in two ways or even three. First. purchase a video capture card and install it in a PCI or PCI-e slot of your computer. As a rule, such cards, created for analog (although they are analog, they are purely conditional, since capture, encoding and archiving occurs already at the digital level) of video surveillance systems have from 4 to 16 video inputs. It is quite enough for organizing a video surveillance system both in a private house or apartment, and for creating professional distributed integrated security systems. Video capture cards usually come with software that allows you to organize such functions of a CCTV system as recording by a motion detector or on a schedule, recording an archive in a loop, remote access to a video surveillance system via a local network or via the Internet, etc. This method is good for everyone, except for one. it does not allow you to connect your camcorder to your laptop.
The second way is to connect the camcorder to the computer. this is the use of a video server. a device that converts PAL analog video to digital, i.e. turns an ordinary video camera into an IP camera. It has a BNC input and a LAN output, from which we send a signal to our computer network, and then everything is similar to an IP camera. An ordinary 4-channel video recorder can act as a video server; now they all have a built-in cloud service, which allows you to organize a video surveillance system via the Internet without a static IP address. Such a solution may be even cheaper than using a dedicated video server. Now you can find a registrar for less than 3000 rubles. We already wrote about this in the article about wireless video surveillance. You just need to find a video recorder that allows you to organize a video archive on a remote PC. Although this is not necessary, since the archive can be stored on the hard disk of the recorder, and viewed over the network from a computer.
The third way to solve the problem posed in the title of the article. use of USB converters. Such devices are similar to video servers, only they generate a digital signal for the USB input of a computer. Perhaps this will be the cheapest way, but we have never come across such devices with acceptable digital image quality and more or less normal software in their bundle. Therefore, we would not recommend going this way.
The second and third methods allow you to connect an analog video camera to your laptop. But still, for a digital device it is better to use the same digital one. And we recommend using digital IP cameras to organize a laptop-based video surveillance system.
Ways to connect a CCTV camera to a computer.
CCTV cameras can be divided into two types:
Power connectors for all types of CCTV cameras are the same!
How you connect it will depend on the type of your camcorder. We will consider only the current methods.
How to connect an Analog, AHD, TVI camcorder to a computer?
Since we have a BNC connector on the “tail” of the CCTV camera, and the video signal is transmitted in analog form, it will not be possible to connect it directly to the computer. Additional devices required!
We connect a video camera to a computer using a video recorder.
In this case, the video recorder must have the corresponding BNC inputs and support the required standard.
That is, if we want to connect a modern AHD CCTV camera, then the registrar must support AHD operation.
The BNC connector on the side of the recorder and on the side of the video camera is the same. dad (male). To connect them, you will need to make an adapter. We crimp a piece of coaxial cable on both sides with a connector: BNC female (female) or use a ready-made adapter.
We connect the video camera to the recorder. Don’t forget about food!
To set up the recorder, it is advisable to temporarily connect a monitor or TV with a VGA or HDMI connector to it.
In the settings of the registrar, select the desired operating mode. We reboot. We see the image from our video camera.
Next, go to the network settings. Change the IP address to an IP from the range of your network.
Then you can assign the registrar ip: 192.168.1.10
Next, we connect the recorder and the router with a patch cord. The monitor is no longer required, you can turn it off!
We install the application for your recorder on the computer and get access to the recorder and the video camera from the computer.
Or you can view your CCTV camera through a web browser interface. You can see how to connect here (link to the article “Web interface of a camera, router. What is it, how to use it?”).
There are at least two more connection methods: using a USB video converter and using a video capture card.
These devices are capable of converting an analog signal to digital, which we can already save as a video stream to a hard drive.
It makes no sense to consider these connection methods, since the for such devices exceed the cost of the DVR, and only analog cameras (outdated) can be connected.
This equipment should be considered seriously, only if you inherited it, and it’s a pity to throw it away.
How to connect a digital video surveillance camera to a computer?
Since digital cameras have an RJ-45 (8P8C) connector for connection, we need a patch cord to connect (a wire for connecting a video camera and a network card of a computer or router). Read more about crimping twisted pair with RJ45 connector here.
Before connecting, we look again at our plate (link to the article “Web interface of a camera, router. What is it, how to use it?”).
We find the required manufacturer, look at the default IP address, username and password (sometimes the manufacturer indicates this data on the box or in the passport of the device). Don’t forget to download the latest version of the “customization application” on the Internet. whose name is also shown in our table.
To make it clearer, let’s consider two different manufacturers: Hikvision and Dahua and two methods of connection: directly to a computer and via a Wi-fi router.
How to connect a Hikvision CCTV camera to a computer?
Hikvision has a default IP address: 192.168.1.64
Objective: to ensure that the digital IP video surveillance camera and the PC are on the same subnet.
On the computer, in the properties of the network card, change the IP address to 192.168.1.100 (you can set any free IP in the range from 192.168.1.1-192.168.1.255) If the computer already has an IP from the required range, then skip this item.
Gateway: specify the IP address of the camera, that is: 192.168.1.64
DNS: can be left blank, you can specify the same, that is: 192.168.1.64
Now two devices are on the same network and can see each other!
Launching the SADP application.
Press the equipment search button. The device was found, now we can reconfigure the IP, mask, gateway and dns of the camera to any that we need.
As an application for work: viewing, archiving recordings, receiving alarms and much more, we use the iVMS-4200 application
Setting up a video surveillance camera is also possible through the web interface via IP: 192.168.1.64
Connect and watch live video.
How to connect a Dahua CCTV camera to a computer using a WI-Fi router?
Dahua has a default IP address: 192.168.1.108
Example. The computer is connected by Wi-Fi to the router, the camera is connected by wire to the router.
Task: to ensure that all equipment is in one sub-network camera, PC, router. Let’s say the router has an IP address of 192.168.0.1, the computer received an address automatically via DHCP and was 192.168.0.78
It remains to change the IP address on the camera to any free IP in the range from 192.168.0.1-192.168.0.255
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We connect the “digital eye” wire to the computer network card.
On the computer, in the properties of the network card, change the IP address to 192.168.1.100 (you can set any free IP in the range from 192.168.1.1-192.168.1.255)
Gateway: specify the IP address of the video camera, that is: 192.168.1.108
DNS: can be left blank, you can specify the same, that is: 192.168.1.108
Now two devices are on the same subnet and see each other.
We launch the Smart PSS application (which was downloaded from the manufacturer’s website in advance).
Press the equipment search button. The device was found, now we can reconfigure the IP, mask, gateway and dns of the video camera to any that we need.
Setting up a video surveillance camera is also possible through the web interface via IP: 192.168.1.108
Connect and watch live video.
The shooting principle is the same. The only difference is that instead of the Rec button on the camera, you need to press a similar button on the video recorder’s remote control. At the time of shooting, you can perform all the techniques that your camcorder is capable of: rollback / zoom, white balance, artificial dimming and others. Many recorders are equipped with not only a built-in hard drive, but also an editing table. This will allow, at a minimum, to cut out unnecessary from your video and immediately merge the rest. Your video is ready to watch.
Shooting with an analog camera without a cassette
What does the question mean: “How to shoot with a video camera without a cassette”? Let’s try to paraphrase so that it becomes clear what the article is about. How to record digital video with an analog camcorder, or how to connect an analog camcorder for digital recording. Or even simpler: Shooting with an old camera, bypassing a cassette.
I would argue that many of them still have analog video cameras in working order. It is impossible to sell them even for a third of the initial price. Give it to friends? And those acquaintances have nowhere to put their cameras. This is only half of the problem. It’s good if the camera is middle class. What if it’s a former cool camcorder? In addition, you tried to find cassettes for recording on these cameras now?
They are, of course, there, but they have risen in price greatly. over, there is no certainty that the quality of these videotapes has remained at the same level as it was before. And it should also be borne in mind that the tape drive mechanism consists, among other things, of rubber rollers and clamps, which can lose their elasticity over time. Therefore, it is necessary to abandon expensive videotapes and write directly to the hard drive.
If you look, then an analog video camera consists of optics, electronics for capturing a frame and a mechanism for recording / playback. We will replace the last point, and leave everything else (along with settings, zoom, shooting options). As a result, the camera unnecessarily now only has the Rec button, all the tape drive buttons and the cassette load / unload buttons.
A similar method has already been considered on the site Digitization of video, audio, photo in the article Digital video camera from analog 903699. To implement this method, we needed to connect an analog video camera to a computer. Now we need a DVD recorder to digitize.
This device is more expensive, but the gain is both in terms of time and quality. In the first case, we only captured video in real (uncompressed) format, and then looked for programs to capture video from an analog video camera in order to compress it qualitatively into the format we need. In such cases, there are inconsistencies with the existing hardware, OS and software. In our case, we get a ready-made video at the output in the format we need.
Analog video camera connection cable
It has been noticed that most optical and digital video recorders have an RCA input (three tulips). It is also noticed that most even digital camcorders have RCA output. How to connect an analog camcorder to a TV to watch video from it? That’s it. Only now these three tulips need to be connected not to the input of the TV, but to the input of the video recorder.
Some cameras do not have direct RCA outputs, but they are equipped with an additional mini-jack to 3rca adapter or similar adapters. As a result, the output is still 3 tulips. If the recorder has an S-VHS input, and the camera has a similar output, then you can use it to transmit the video signal.
Advantages and disadvantages of the method
The most important advantage of shooting with a camcorder without a cassette is the use of an old analogue AHD camcorder. Its main drawback is that if you have to buy a video recorder, it is not cheap. Such shooting can only be carried out indoors, since you are limited not only by the shooting radius, which is set by the length of the adapter from the camera to the recorder, but also by the electrical network to which the recorder is connected.
On the other hand, no matter how good the film is on the recorded video cassette, there will still be losses. In our case, the recording quality is limited only by the properties of the video camera itself and the permissible resolution of the recorder.
Success in creative work!
https://01010101.ru/otcifrovka-video/semka-kameroj-bez-kassety.html How to shoot with a video camera without a cassette 2017-05-15T20: 58: 1900: 00 admin Video digitization video digitization What does the question mean: ‘How to shoot with a camcorder without cassette ‘? Let’s try to paraphrase so that it becomes clear what the article is about. How to record digital video with an analog camcorder, or how to connect an analog camcorder for digital recording. Or even simpler: Shooting with an old camera, bypassing the cassette. I would argue that many of them still have analog video cameras in working order. admin Administrator