Sound output to the front of the computer with Windows 10

connect, front, your, computer

To start the procedure of audio output to the front panel of the computer with Windows 10 it is necessary to connect the wires. In case they are already connected to the motherboard, you will need to disconnect them. Then plug each wire into the desired connector on the front panel.


If you are building your first PC by yourself and you don’t know how to connect the front panel of the case to the motherboard, then in this article we will try to provide you with the information about how to connect the front panel, USB ports, fans (installed in the case) to the motherboard.

It is desirable to look in the (manual) manual from the motherboard and see the connection of pins to the motherboard.

If you do not have it handy or just lazy, you can go to the manufacturer’s website and type the model of the motherboard in the search box where you will find the manual in electronic form.

If you don’t have time or energy for that either, just follow the instructions and you will be fine!

On the case has a power button, reset button, connectors USB, “Jack 3.5” jacks for headphones and microphone. backlight and preinstalled coolers. plug them all in to the motherboard. All cables have their own marking (inscription).

Previously, all the standard wires from the chassis went to. this made it a little easier to connect.

On all motherboards the connectors are on the bottom right, each connector is signed, above or below the supposed location of the connection.

Let’s proceed to the connection itself, take the cable in your hand (I recommend the following connection sequence):

  • H.D.D. LED
  • SPEAKER. if needed

There are still some wires that are not connected (from left to right):

  • MOLEX. power cable, it will be if you have front mounted coolers (up to 3)
  • USB 3.0 and USB. cable to power the two front panel connectors
  • HD AUDIO. cable which allows you to use the front connectors for headphones and microphone
  • SATA. case backlight power cable

Product: MSI MAG Z490 TOMAHAWK / 600W POWER SUPPLY Manufacturer: MSI / Chieftec

How to connect the front panel of the computer to the motherboard

When replacing the motherboard or assembling a computer, the user is quite often faced with the problem of connecting the front panel of the system unit. Perhaps this is the only point that causes some difficulty. Optimal when you have the manual or wiring diagram in hand. This information can be found through the official website and download this guide to the board.

As a rule, to connect the controls and connectors on the front of the case proceed when the motherboard is already attached to the case. Controls are a bunch of wires with connectors Power LED- and Power LED (computer status indicator), Power SW (power button), Reset SW (forced reboot button) and HDD LED-, HDD LED (drive activity indicator). All motherboard manufacturers use their own designations. For example PANEL on Asus, F_PANEL on GIGABYTE, JFP1 on MSI boards; PANEL1 on ASRock.

Approximately the connection layout of the front panel to the motherboard is as follows, but depending on the manufacturer it may slightly differ.

Each cable has its own port. If connected incorrectly the computer simply will not start. This is how the place for connecting the main elements looks like. There is a table at the bottom where you can see in which order the wires should be connected. There are two rows of pins for power, so all connections should be exactly as listed.

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The same connection diagram is in the manual to the motherboard, but often it is not quite clear how to connect it due to the lack of step-by-step photos.

To connect the front audio jacks, you must pull the appropriate wire labeled Audio to the opposite end of the motherboard. There should be a label. Next to it is the connector for the system block fan which is responsible for warm air intake and circulation when the case is closed.

A bit to the right are the connectors for front USB ports. Agree, it is not very convenient when they do not work, and to quickly connect a memory card you have to get under the table to the system unit. There is a corresponding label on the wire which cannot be mixed up in any way. In this case it is a blue wire.

The next step is to connect the wires labeled HDD LED, Power SW, Reset SW and Speaker. Each has its own function, so you can’t exclude any of them. The first wire in the list is used to indicate the hard disk drive status. A very important parameter because all the data of the computer is stored on it.

Next, next to it in the bottom row is the wire responsible for restarting the computer. If it is not connected, then the small button on the front of the system unit will not work and it will not be possible to restart the computer in emergency mode.

Above it are the pins that are responsible for starting the computer. If you close these two pins with an ordinary screwdriver, the computer turns itself on.

In the upper right part you must connect the Speaker wire, which is responsible for all the signals that the computer emits at startup. You can identify all the hardware problems by these sounds. This is what the motherboard panel with all connected wires should look like.

If everything is done correctly it is now safe to use the elements on the front of the system unit, turn on and restart the computer.

But that’s not how I do it, and there are no signatures at all! What do I do??

Many connector pads on modern ATX motherboards look like this:

In this case it’s better to look through the motherboard manual and find there this (or similar) section:

PWR_LED- is the operating indicator;

HDD_LED-. hard disk drive operation indicator;

PWR_SW. power button;

SPEAKER (that annoying beeping crap)

This wiring diagram for the front panel is used for most modern ATX boards.

Connecting the Front Audio Connector Pad to Different Models of Motherboards

Hi, friends! On the front panel of many models you can see not only USB ports, but also a couple of audio outputs. This layout is convenient because you can quickly connect headphones and a microphone without having to look for them on the back panel (which is especially important if the system unit is not very well located).

Front Panel Connectors On Motherboard. Easy Beginners Full PC Building Tutorial. Pt 19

However, when assembling the system unit, these ports, like everything else, must be connected correctly, otherwise they will not function properly. Contrary to misconception, it’s much easier to do than it seems.

Today I will tell you how to connect the front audio connectors to motherboards made by Asus, Gigabyte, MSI, Asrock and other popular brands. I want to clarify at once that despite the abundance of models, the pinout here is standardized, and the unclear points can be clarified in the manual to the motherboard.

Connecting the Front Panel Connectors

Whether you have decided to build your own computer or just the USB ports, headphone output on the front of the computer system unit does not work. you will need information about how exactly connect the connectors on the front panel to the motherboard, which will be shown below.

We will talk not only about how to connect the front USB port or make headphones and microphone connected to the front panel work, but also about how to connect the main elements of the system unit (the power button and indicator, hard disk operation indicator) to the motherboard and do it correctly (let’s start with this).

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Connecting the USB Ports on the Front Panel

In order to connect the front USB ports (and the card reader if any), all you need to do is to find the corresponding connectors on the motherboard (there can be several of them) which look like the picture below and plug the corresponding connectors coming from the front panel of the system unit into them. There is no mistake: the pins there and there correspond to each other, and the connectors are usually labeled.

Usually, there is no difference in exactly where you connect the front connector. But for some motherboards there is one: because they can be USB 3 capable.0 and without (read the motherboard user’s manual or read the caption carefully).

Connecting the Front Panel to the Motherboard Correctly

Hi Friends! The front panel is in no way connected to the other “stuffing” of the computer and is connected directly to the motherboard. Its connection is quite a complicated process, since it requires precise work with small parts and compliance with accuracy.

Otherwise it is possible to damage the thin pins where the connectors on the wires are connected, which may result in malfunctioning of the computer. But do not panic prematurely: no trouble is threatened if you do it right.

In today’s post I will tell you how to connect the front panel to the motherboard properly and what you have to consider when doing so.

FPANEL Article. Connecting the Beeper, Power Buttons, Reset Buttons, Indicator LEDs

On the front panel of the system unit are usually located power button and restart your computer, LED indication, a few USB ports, audio outputs. They all need to be properly connected to the motherboard. That means first of all not to break or burn something that still works.

When diagnosing, repairing, assembling and disassembling modern computers it is quite difficult to make a mistake when connecting the pin connectors to the motherboard. The standardization effect gradually takes its toll. The manufacturers are trying to unify the connectors, making it impossible to connect, say, wires from external USB connectors to audio pins.

However, not all motherboards have limiters (including covers on pins), pin captions are very small, connectors are close to each other and it is easy to make a mistake. So those who are too lazy to open the manual of the motherboard before assembly or connection of additional devices have all chances to buy a new one or take the old one for diagnostics and repair.

Connection to the F-panel is made with special connectors which have different markings. They look roughly like the picture below.Accordingly, the same marking is usually applied around the panel itself. Below I will give a deciphering of the inscriptions on the wires connected to F_PANEL

Power SW. a wire of the power button (power on / off) of the computer;

Power LED. wire of the indicator (green LED) of power;

HDD LED. HDD operating indicator wire (usually orange or red);

RESET SW. the wire of the reboot button;

SPEAKER. wire of the squeaker or the miniature speaker inside the case of the system unit.

This option for 90% of motherboards. HDD Access LED 1. 3 pins Power LED 2. 4 pins Clear 5. 7 pins Power on button 6. 8 pins One row turns out all the even, the other all the odd

The error, as a rule, is that the contacts are installed, that is called against the hair. That is plus to minus, and minus to plus. For the buttons, as a rule, it is not important, but the LEDs simply will not work, and the speakers, respectively, will beep.

So. The Front panel pin block (abbreviated as F_PANEL) is usually located in the right bottom corner of the motherboard, although there may be some exceptions, but I haven’t found them yet.

To help you compare, I have a few pictures of F_PANELs from different manufacturers.

Front panel connectors on Asus, Gigabyte, MSI and Nvidia motherboards

In general all connectors are somewhat similar to each other. I mainly encounter Asus and Gigabyte motherboards, with a preference for the latter. In my opinion they are the best combination of quality and price. 10 years ago, Intel boards were more common.

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For many years now there are motherboards, but the connectors stay the same, what changes is the design and the color. Almost nothing has been done for the convenience of customer service or ordinary users. The only awkward step was made by Asus company, when they released a special unit. On it, without bending over the system unit with a flashlight, you can connect all the necessary contacts and then plug it into the motherboard. Asus q connector, Asus Q-Design Used for quick connection of cabinet front panel buttons (reset button, power button, power and HDD LEDs, speaker). Everything plugs into the connector and then into the motherboard. Simple, fast and convenient.

Combined Asus Q-connector. Q Connector USB Connector 10 Pin / System Panel Connector 20 Pin / USB Ieee1394 FireWire Connector 10 Pin. The Q-Connector allows you to connect or disconnect PC front panel cables in one simple action with one ready-made module. This unique adapter eliminates the need to connect one cable at a time, making the connection fast and accurate.

Why the other vendors did not support Asus’s idea remains a mystery. Also it’s not clear, why up to now the set of the same contacts in all cases of all system units is not brought to a single standard, in fact there is no unified standard for the motherboard.

In addition to F_PANEL, motherboards (for example the gygabyte board) have F_AUDIO and F_USB connectors. The pictures of connectors are shown below.

As a rule, on the front panel of the system unit there are USB interface connectors (usually a couple of them) and headphone/speaker and microphone jacks. To make a mistake with USB ports today has become virtually impossible (shape and pin count are more or less the same for all boards and cases). With AUDIO connectors the situation is not so clear, but we are getting there.

This standard is mostly used in motherboards, modems, sound cards and cases with front panel audio

Pin Signal Name Function1 AUD_MIC Front Panel Microphone input signal Microphone output to front panel2 AUD_GND Ground used by Analog Audio Circuits Ground, mass, minus. whatever you want3 AUD_MIC_BIAS Microphone Power Something related to microphone audio offset, hopefully someone will be more specific.4 AUD_VCC Filtered 5 V used by Analog Audio Circuits 5 AUD_FPOUT_R Right Channel Audio signal to Front Panel Output to Front Panel6 AUD_RET_R Right Channel Audio signal to Return from Front Panel Input to Front Panel7 HP_ON Reserved for future use to control Headphone Amplifier Reserved for future use8 KEY No Pin Idle pin9 AUD_FPOUT_L Left Channel Audio signal Return from Front Panel10 AUD_RET_L Left Channel Audio signal Return from Front Panel

Usually we have a pad or individual pins with mysterious inscriptions:1 MIC-VCC, 2 MIC-IN, 3 GND, 4 EAR L, 5 EAR R, 6 LINE L, 7 LINE R

About the sound is simple: 6 LINE L in 9 AUD_FPOUT_L4 EAR L in 10 AUD_RET_L7 LINE R in 5 AUD_FPOUT_R5 EAR R in 6 AUD_RET_R

Note that on some motherboards there will be no sound with drivers installed if there are no jumpers on these pins and the front panel is not connected:

The main thing is not to confuse GND and 5 are the end pins.5V is also sometimes called VCC, and middle DATA. and DATA is on all new motherboards 5 volt is placed at the edge of the contact pad and the ground is near the unused contact, as you can see on the picture. On older motherboards (first on socket 478 and old socket 370) it is sometimes possible to find that one row is reversed by 180 degrees.

It remains only to remind the following: before you start manipulating with the equipment. do not be lazy, find or download from the Internet “instruction manual” Your motherboard, nowadays most of the documentation is in russian. So help yourself on the internet, especially google.