We flash, update and tunify the smartphone without leaving Android

Several years ago, operations such as the routing, firmware and tuning of the Android smartphone, demanded enough deep knowledge, special tools compatible only with desktop Windows, and a mass of patience. Today everything has become much easier and all these actions can be performed using a special software for a smartphone available directly to Google Play.

Typically, the installation of an alternative firmware on a nine clean smartphone looks like this: you first find information on the routine information of your smartphone model, then get the necessary tools (Android SDK, ADB, FastBoot, scripts), connect your smartphone to PC and trying to accurately execute instructions as you can accurately. If everything succeeds, you get root and, in some cases, in the submission of the Custom Recovery Console.

Next should be installed firmware. To do this, you pour on the Internet again and, after half an hour, walking through the forums and reading information about compatibility, you find and download the zip archive with the firmware. Connect the smartphone to the PC again and throw the firmware on it. Then you turn off your smartphone, turn it on, clamping the volume and inclusion button, and you get access to the recovery console. Five minutes by clicking on the menu using the volume keys, you find your firmware on the memory card and give a setup command.

After the installation is completed, you reboot your smartphone and pray so that everything happens. When the desktop appears on the screen, you exhale with relief and immediately remember that I forgot to download and install Google applications and kernel. Well, for this you spend another half an hour on the Internet, you find the desired zipids, throw them on the memory card, then the recovery console, pumping on the menu, waiting with your fingers, and it is it, the desktop damn, it was necessary to install another Firmware.

Familiar picture? If so, then this article for you. From her you will learn how to do everything the same in ten minutes, connecting the smartphone to the PC only once a few minutes.

How to install a new Android without connecting to a computer

The easiest option to change the version of the OS is to start the process on the smartphone itself.

Usually the system notifies the availability of the new version (the notification appears at the top of the gadget screen):

Note: The update algorithm for a new version of Android is always the same: an update of the operating system up to 5 is not important.0, 7.0 or 9.0.

Depending on the phone model and the current modification of the firmware, the text and registration of the notification on the screen may differ.

After receiving the notification, click “Download”, and wait until the software is loaded to the device.

When Android will be downloaded, the appropriate message will appear in the notification panel, and the user will be prompted to install or postpone the process.

IMPORTANT: Before you press “Set now”, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the information provided above, where the developers warn about the possible loss of personal data, and the need to make backup.

Not always the system notifies the user about the availability of the new version of Android. The reason can be the absence of an Internet connection or refusal to receive notifications (you can specify in the “Update” section).

In this case, download the new Android manually. To do this, you need to perform the following steps:

Creating a backup

About half users performing reinstalling android neglect the requirement of data cleaning. People are afraid that they will forever lose their photos and videos. Partly they are right, as files after reset to factory settings are really deleted. However, a person who has created a backup copy, can restore the necessary files at any time.

The backup process (Backup) differs depending on the tablet model and the operating system version used. But differences are consisting only in the names of the menu items. Therefore, almost always the option for moving files to the backup is in the gadget settings.

  • Go to the settings of the tablet.
  • Find and open an “Memory and Backup” item.
  • Press “Copy and Restore”.
  • Click on “Backup”.
  • Select backup files, as well as a place where the copy is saved.
  • Confirm operation.

The duration of the backup processing process depends on the number of files that the user wants to put in the backup.

When the backup file is ready, it must be moved to a third-party device, whether it is a smartphone or tablet. To do this, you can use the USB cable, Wi-Fi network and other data transfer methods. Once the backup will be in a safe place, you can safely begin to reinstall the system.

Reinstall Android on the smartphone in manual mode

Even after turning on the “Auto-update” function, reinstalling the system does not always happen. This is due to the fact that the user canceled the process when notification has come about the presence of a new firmware. Also, the lack of updates for the smartphone or the appearance of errors in the system. In this case, you will have to carry out the operation with your own hands.

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If the smartphone (tablet) continues to be supported by the manufacturer, reinstall Android can always be without downloading the distribution. But in the case when the gadget owner wants to try another shell (for example, go from a pure Android on Miui and vice versa) or he understands that the device is no longer supported, you will have to download additional by.

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If a person just wants to manually update Android, you need:

In the presence of updates, the gadget is reloaded. If this does not occur or the master of the smartphone wants to install another OS, it is necessary to use one of the proposed flashing methods.

1 way

  • Find on the Internet or download from the manufacturer’s website of the OS version.
  • Turn the firmware file to the phone (tablet).
  • Open downloaded zip archive as a regular APK file format.
  • If necessary, confirm the data cleaning.
  • Press the start button.

By downloading the firmware file from an unofficial resource, the user risks to get an operating system with a large number of errors. For the performance of such an OS no one can respond.

2 way

  • Download update file on smartphone or tablet.
  • Disable device.
  • Log in to the engineering menu (depending on the manufacturer, it can be one of the combinations of buttons on and adjusting the volume).
  • In the menu that opens, select “System Upgrade”.
  • If you wish to clear these by clicking on “Clear Data”.
  • Click “Start” and wait for the end of the process.

Each of the presented methods is good in its own way. But still it is recommended to start with the first. Only, provided that during Android update, it was not possible to use the standard inteeis of the gadget, you must go to the opening of the system menu.

If none of the proposed reinstallation options helped implement the idea of ​​updating the smartphone firmware, the only way to solve the problem is to appeal to the service service. For warranty, such an operation can be performed according to one of the addresses specified in the ticket attached to the device. In this case, you should contact any official service where employees will perform reinstalling for an additional fee.

How to flash through cwm recovery

How to flash through cwm recovery. Everyone who makes the first steps in the study of the Android-devices firmware procedure, initially draws attention to the most common way to implement the process. firmware through the recovery. Android Recovery. Recovery Wednesday, access to which in fact there are practically all users of Android devices, regardless of the type and model of the latter. Therefore, the firmware method through the recovery can be considered as the simplest way to update, change, restore or completely replace the device device.

How to flash the Android apparatus through the factory recovery

Almost every device running Android OS is equipped with a manufacturer of a special recovery environment that provides to some extent, including regular users, the possibilities of manipulation with the internal memory of the device, and more precisely. its sections.

It should be noted that the list of operations, which is available through the “native” recovery, installed in the devices by the manufacturer, is very limited. As for the firmware, the installation of only official firmware and / or their updates is available.

In some cases, through the factory recovery, you can establish a modified recovery environment (custom recovery), which in turn will expand the possibilities of working with firmware.

At the same time, the main actions for restoring health and updates to produce through the factory recovery is quite possible. To install the official firmware or update distributed in Zip format, perform the following steps.

For firmware, the installation zip package will be required. Download the desired file and copy it to the device’s memory card, preferably in the root. You may also need to rename the file before manipulation. Almost in all cases the appropriate name. Update.zip

Loading to the factory recovery environment. Ways to access the recovery differ for different models of devices, but they all involve the use of combinations of hardware keys on the device. In most cases, the desired combination is “volume-” “Power.

Press the “Volume-” button on the disabled to the device and, hold it, press the “Power” key. After the machine screen turns on, the “Power” button must be released, and “Volume-” continue to hold until the screen recovery screen appears.

To install on or its individual components in the memory partitions, you will need the Main Recovery menu item. “Apply Update From External SD Card”, choose it.

In the open list of files and folders, we have previously copied to the memory card Update.Zip and press the selection confirmation key. Installation will start automatically.

Upon completion of copying files, reboot in Android by selecting the Reboot System Now in the recovery.

How to flash the device through a modified recovery

A much broader list of work opportunities with Android devices has modified (custom) recovery environment. One of the first to appear, and today is a very common solution, is the recovery from the CLOCKWORKMOD team. CWM Recovery.

Installing CWM Recovery

Since CWM recovery is an unofficial solution, you will need to install a custom recovery environment to the device.

The official method of installing the recovery from the CLOCKWORKMOD developers is the Android application ROM Manager. The use of the program requires the presence of root-rights on the device.

Download Rom Manager in Play Market or from our site

  • We download, install, run ROM Manager.
  • On the main screen, I tap “Recovery Setup”, then under the inscription “Install or Update Recovery”. Item “ClockworkMod Recovery”. Sheets opened list of devices models and find your device.
  • The next screen after selecting the model is the screen with the “Install ClockworkMod” button. We are convinced that the model of the device is selected correctly and click this button. Starts the recovery environment from ClockworkMod servers.
  • After a short time, the required file will be completely loaded and the CWM Recovery installation process will begin. Before you start copying data to device memory section, the program will ask for root-rights to it. After receiving the permission, the recovery recording process will continue, and upon its completion, confirming the success of the procedure “SuccessFully Flashd ClockworkMod Recovery” will appear.
  • The process of installing the modified recovery is completed, press the “OK” button and exit the program.
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In the event that the device is not supported by the ROM Manager application or the installation does not pass correctly, you must use other CWM Recovery installation methods. Applicable methods for various devices are described in the articles from the list below.

  • For Samsung devices in most cases, the ODIN application is used. Details here. (SAMSUNG Android Devices Firmware via ODIN Program)
  • For devices built on the MTK hardware platform, the SP Flash Tool application is applied. Details here. (firmware Android devices based on MTK via SP Flashtool)
  • The most versatile method, but at the same time the most dangerous and complex. the firmware of the recovery through FastBoot. Details Actions performed to install the recovery in this way are described by reference: how to flash the phone or tablet via FastBoot

Firmware via CWM

Using a modified recovery environment, you can flash not only official updates, but also custom firmware, as well as various components of the system represented by Russifiers, additions, improvements, kernels, radio, etc.D.

It is worth noting the presence of a large number of CWM Recovery versions, so after the entry on various devices you can see a slightly different inteeis. background, design, sensory control and T.P. In addition, some menu items may be given or missing.

How to flash android device via computer

So, readers filled out, who were afraid of possible problems, and we move from the theory to practice.

USB debug mode and driver you need

To begin with, take a smartphone or another device on Android to activate “USB debugging” mode. This is done in order that the computer was able to make changes for a USB device connected via USB. So, instructions:

To gain access to the developer’s menu, it is necessary to make multiple clicks on the “OS version”. He is in the “About Phone” section (the latest item in the device settings).

  • After the rights are obtained, go to the Developer Menu, which will appear in the settings;
  • Here we find the “Debug on USB” item, we make a switch opposite it active.

Smartphone can be put aside. Go to drivers that will come in handy for flashing Android through a computer.

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Drivers for each device are different. You can download them on the manufacturer’s official website or on one of the forums.

To install the drivers:

  • Connect the device to the computer;
  • Go to Device Manager (use the search or locate the section in the Control Panel;
  • Find the item with the name of your device (smartphone or tablet may not define the system, in this case a string will appear with an unknown device, next to which is a yellow triangle);
  • right-click Call the context menu for this device;
  • From the list, select “Update Driver”;
  • Click on the section “Search drivers on this computer”;
  • Then click “Select the driver from the list already installed”;
  • By clicking on the “Install from the disk” button, specify the path to downloaded drivers;
  • Restart the PC and smartphone to change the changes.

Often alone only the smartphone driver is not enough. For a number of devices, you have to install additional USB port drivers so that the PC can detect them. In addition, numerous devices require the installation of the ADB tool.

Android Debug Bridge (Debugging Bridge Android). Console application that is used to control Android devices through a personal computer.

Returning to the fact that the devices on Android countless, for individual devices you have to download a whole bunch of special software. The list of software can be found on the official sites of manufacturers or on the thematic forums dedicated to the flashing specifically of your gadget.

Android flashing programs through a computer

We are approaching the choice of software that will be used directly to install the firmware on the smartphone or tablet. For these purposes, a whole bunch of programs is presented, but they can be divided into two extensive groups:

  • Software for firmware certain models. Branded programs manufactured by companies exclusively for their devices. Almost every large manufacturer offers a free version for download. Programs for flashing certain models provide fast and unmistakable installation of a new firmware, moreover, have additional tools that will allow you to back up the system and rollback in case of critical errors. Such software presented the following companies: Samsung (ODIN); Lenovo (Flash Tool); HTC (FastBoot); LG (KDZ Updater); Sony (FlashBoot); Nexus (FastBoot).
  • Universal software for firmware. Programs that can be used to flash any Android devices. They are also quite a lot, but the possibilities are about the same. Tools QFil and SP Flash Tool: The first for firmware of devices with Qualcomm Snapdragon processors, the second. MediaTek.

Unlock Bootloader

Very many smartphones, in order, the user could not freely make changes to the system, presented with a blocked bootloader (loader). BootLoader. a special program that is responsible for access to the kernel. From which we conclude that while it is blocked, we can not flash anything.

Bootloader unlocking is performed using a special software that provides the manufacturer with the desired instructions. As a rule, everything comes down to installing a special program (for example, with HTC. Bootloader Unlock), activation on a USB debug mode smartphone (a little higher is described how to do it) and pressing only one button. “Unlock” (unlock).

Choose the firmware

When all the drivers are installed, unlocked the bootloader and downloaded the program to flash Android through a computer, you can proceed to the selection of firmware. It all depends on your device here: firmware can be dark or not at all. Firmware are several types:

  • Official. Represented by the manufacturer without any changes.
  • Unofficial based on official. Firmware that are improved by third-party developers, but the changes are minimum (added support for languages, corrected errors and so on).
  • Unofficial. There are recycled firmware that are simply stuffed with the most different features. They are developed on the basis of Android, ready to offer a bunch of new features, but often contain errors. The most famous of them: Cyanogenmod, Lineage OS, Oxygenos and others.
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You can download firmware on official websites, forums and other resources. About Android versions and about where you can download the firmware we already wrote.

If something went wrong

With complication of electronics, as well as software that controls this complex electronics, grows the number of possible ways of how something can go not as conceived. Based on this, to predict in advance all possible errors that may occur when reinstalling the firmware on the device is physically impossible. Consider the most frequent problems with flashing problems:

  • Unable to format all sections. and more. In such cases, it is worth contacting the forum like 4pda in a section designed for the device under consideration.
  • Sorting battery. It seems banal, but this is a fairly common problem, especially with worn devices, the charge of the battery has decreased, and the speed of action slowed down, as a result of which the installation occurs longer. Therefore, you should fully charge the gadget before starting flashing.
  • SIM card is not defined after flashing. This is due to the deletion of information about the IMEI device, to restore which you can use data on the package or in the phone documentation and the special recovery program IMEI.

Depending on the case, we should formulate a problem and ask a question on the appropriate forum. In most cases, the problem will resolve reinstalling according to the instructions. Otherwise, you should roll back the system to the previous version as described in the previous paragraph. It is always worth keeping backup.

Replacement through a computer

Phone firmware methods using PC can be somewhat, depending on the model of the device and the processor installed on it. However, in any case, the user will need a high-quality USB cable, the best thing is that walked with the phone. Loss of compounds with a computer in the process of flashing will end for the smartphone deplorable, so you should not neglect this detail.

Devices on the MTK processor are stitched as follows:

  • Unpack the firmware archive into the folder on the C disk (in the name of the latter there should be no Cyrillic characters).
  • Run the SP Flash Tool program, click the Scatter-Loading key and indicate the path to the same file, which is located in the folder with the unpacked firmware.
  • Take a tick from the preloader string. This item is required: if something goes wrong during the firmware process, the workloader will allow you to restore the smartphone even from the “brick” state. If the file will be overwritten incorrectly, the user will have to spend considerable money to repair the phone.
  • Click on the download button.
  • Connect the phone off to the computer and are waiting for the end of the process, which will notify the appearance of a window with a green circle.
  • Disconnect the smartphone from the PC and include it.

The first launch can take 5-10 minutes, but not more. If the flashing has completed successfully, the device will boot with a new system.

Smartphone firmware on Spreadtrum is somewhat more difficult. To implement this procedure, it is necessary:

  • Download firmware file in format.PAC and move it to the root of the C disk (no need to unpack).
  • Open Research Download, click on the gear icon in the upper left corner and specify the path to the firmware. After that, the program will hang up for a while. this is normal.
  • Press the Play button by translating the flash drive to the device standby mode.
  • Turn off the phone, pull out the battery from it (if it is removable) and insert back.
  • Click the volume key and connect the smartphone to PC.
  • If the firmware started successfully, it should be waiting for her ending, that is, the inscriptions passed. The volume key is better not to let go until the process is completed. If the program gives an error either does not respond to the connection of the smartphone, you should make sure that all the necessary drivers are installed on the computer and visit the Developer Developer’s Research Download to find out the cause of the problem.
  • Upon completion of the firmware, click on the “Stop” button in the firmware and disconnect the phone from the computer. If the battery is removable, it is removed, insert back and include the device.

Smartphones for which special utilities are developed (Samsung, HTC, LG and T. D. ), flash according to the instructions attached to a specific program.

CWM Recovery or TWRP Installation

Not necessarily install “recovery” on “Android” through a computer, most often, on the contrary, it is easier to take advantage of the stock. Everything you need to do is download the necessary file, again in the archive with the expansion of ZIP, and place it on the outer flash card of the smartphone.

After that, entering the Stock “Recovery, you need to select the” Apply Update From External Storage “item and in the list that opens, select the very file with custom” recovery “. After confirming the selection, the installation process will begin, after which the device will be offered to reboot. The process is completed.

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