How to connect an IP camera to a router
A modern surveillance system should not only broadcast from cameras to a local monitor, but also make it possible to access data remotely. This requires an internet connection and a network-capable camera. The provider’s network cable can be passed directly to the IP camera, but this is far from always applicable or convenient (and even impossible if the camera is Wi-Fi, and in many residential and commercial premises Internet access is provided by a router. IP cameras via a router.
From local network
After completing the settings, a regular IP camera is immediately ready to stream to the network. You can connect in the following ways:
- Go to the web interface;
- Bring the device into one of the supported surveillance programs, relatives or third parties. At the same time, it is desirable that the device supports the ONVIF protocol, this will significantly expand the list of acceptable software. In addition, it adds additional functions such as recording to hard disk, archive, and more;
- Using a media player, if both it and the camera support broadcast protocols (e.g. RTSP).
Connecting PoE Cameras
Cameras powered by Ethernet receive electricity without an outlet, through a wired network connector. If the router does not have PoE support, then it will not work to power such a device from It.
But this problem has a solution: special PoE splitters, which plug into an outlet and have two RJ-45 connectors input for internet cable and exit, through which the gadget receives power and conducts network exchange.
Setting the IP address
In order for the signal source and the routing device to work in the same computer network, it is necessary to register them with a single IP address. General method of how to connect an IP camera to a router:
- Find out what addressing the router gives to the LAN interface (usually an address from the range 192.168.1.Xxx, 192.168.0.Xxx)
- Assign an IP camera from the appropriate range.
From the internet directly
To see a picture from a camera installed and connected via a router via the Internet, the following conditions must be met:
- Permanent white IP address;
- Thrown before signal source open port on router.
The port is recognized and, if necessary, changed in the camera’s web interface. On the router, you should configure the firewall rules so that all connections to the external IP address and this port were thrown at the camera. In professional terminology, this is called Port Forwarding; in the router menus, this function is sometimes placed on a tab with this name. In TP-Link devices, for example, the option is named Virtual servers.
If everything is done correctly, then the gadget and viewing data from it will become available via a link of the form:
Connection via router and cloud server
Some cameras are natively supported cloud from the developer. So, for example, it is very easy to set up a Hikvision camera: remote access, recording and viewing of data can be organized through the proprietary Hik-Connect service. But popular cloud services allow users to plug almost any gadgets into them, as long as they support the required protocols. Among the most popular are RSTP and ONVIF.
Let’s look at how to set up a connection using the Angelcam service as an example.
First you need to register an account at https://my.Angelcam.com/. This is done by an ordinary couple mail-password, or using authorization via social networks.
Next, the site will offer to connect the camera:
In general, the choice should be stopped on Regular IP Camera.
Here you can select a device from the list of supported ones, or simply add it manually. The process indicates:
- External IP addresses;
- If the device is protected by a username and password, the corresponding check mark and credentials are entered;
- If you need to manually specify the port, check Set Port Manually and enter the previously specified network port number.
Next, just click Detect camera, and, provided the settings are correct, the camera will be connected to the service.
Others are connected in a similar way. clouds. In some cases, for example, with smart devices Xiaomi, the process is simplified to launch the application and scan the QR code, although when working through a router, forwarding of network ports is usually required for normal operation.
So, the device is installed and ready to use. The stream of the configured camera can be received directly from the local network (via wire and Wi-Fi), via the Internet or through specialized cloud services.
Depending on the camera model and the functionality it supports, there are two options for receiving data from the device:
- Through a router and a third-party or manufacturer’s own Cloud service;
- Directly through port forwarding.
A router for a camera is suitable for almost any. To access from an external network, it must support port forwarding (it will be discussed below) and have an Internet connection.
Many wired devices have manufacturer-specific default IP addresses that are listed in the instructions. Before connecting such a camera to a router for initial configuration, it will need to be directly connected to a PC / laptop with an RJ-45 Internet cable and set the correct address.
After that (Windows) go to Control Panel, find in it Network and Sharing Center, open it and go to item Change adapter settings. A list of active and disabled interfaces will be displayed. If the physical connection is successful, there will be an icon of the active network connection.
Next, you need information about the default camera address. Suppose it is 192.168.1.108, it is usually used in popular and inexpensive Dahua gadgets. Right click on the connection icon, select Properties, to find Internet Protocol TCP / IPv4 and press the button under it Properties. In the dialog that appears, viewing and configuring IP addressing.
So, the default device addresses are 192.168.1.108. Specify the following information in the network settings for your computer:
- The IP addresses of the PC are 192.168.1.100. As you can see, it is in the same range as the connected device, this is an extremely important requirement;
- The subnet mask is set to 255.255.255.0. In most cases, either this is used for local subnets;
- Default gateway. equal to the default camera address.
Now you need to apply the changes. If the settings are correct, you can access the camera (192.168.1.108) using any browser. This will open the web interface (usually access to it is closed with a password, also contained in the instructions). In it, you should find the network parameters menu of the camera and enter the values there, corresponding to the internal network addressing given by the router. For example, if the IP of the LAN interface of the router is 192.168.1.1, then the camera can be assigned one of the range 192.168.1.2 254.
When the settings are applied, you can disconnect the camera from the PC and connect it to the router, now it will become available from the internal network through it.
The Wi-Fi configuration on the camera is in many ways similar, only together with the settings of the camera’s LAN interface, you need to go to the corresponding tab of the web page and enter / select the SSID and Assigned wireless password there. After that, the gadget will become available by air.
The specific way to connect an IP camera via a router with Wi-Fi is different for different manufacturers and modifications. But you will need to specify the key and SSID in almost any case, with the exception of a simplified procedure using WPS technology.
Features of IP cameras
If we do not consider the functionality of devices, all digital IP models can be divided into several large significant groups according to the data transmission aLGorithm and the level of remote access provided.
- USB products with cable. Such devices DO NOT require configuration, are used in a bundle with the proposed manufacturer or third-party software.
- Devices that transfer data via an Ethernet cable. Such an IP camera can be connected either directly to the network card of a computer or laptop, or to a router.
- Wireless models. Such devices can act both as independent points with a unique access method, and as part of a certain infrastructure after integration with a router.
Depending on the wishes of the owner and the functionality provided by the camera, various schemes of access to the stream are configured.
User can view the broadcast data using a smartphone, computer or laptop.
Setting up for a router for remotely GoPro viewing of cameras
Using a central router is the most common way to organize a surveillance network. In this case, cameras can be both wired and wireless.
In order to make the process of connecting several devices into a single network and further configuration simple and understandable, you need to do several preparatory operations:
- Find out in the settings of the router its IP addresses, which will be a gateway for cameras (or an access point for wireless models);
- Find out the type of addressing of the connected devices (dynamic or static)
- In accordance with the received data, carry out the initial configuration of the cameras, register the IP. With dynamic addressing of the router (DHCP enabled), the option to obtain the address automatically is set in the connected devices. With static. different IPs are selected, differing from the router by the fourth digit and NOT intersecting with other devices connected to it.
After the work done, it is necessary to mount the cameras and for wired ones. connect them with network cables.
Router with dynamic addressing of attached devices, for convenient orientation and stable mechanics of accessing cameras, you should make a binding.
This is done in the appropriate section of the settings. How exactly. it is better to find out from the documentation of a particular router.
In order for the cameras to be accessed always by one IP, you need to fix the resulting combinations in the settings after connecting the devices.
In this case, even after turning off and turning on the power of SEPARATE points, their address will not change.
In a router with static addressing and accurately registered IP of each camera. nothing needs to be done.
You can go directly to the settings, allowing you to conveniently access the stream of each point.
To do this, you need to find the port forwarding block. There is such a sector of settings in every modern router.
- Port number;
- The IP addresses of the camera to which it will be linked;
- If necessary, the port number on which the stream is broadcast.
After setting up port forwarding, you can contact any camera by typing in the browser “http: // router IP: port number assigned to the device.
Also, most recording and monitoring programs support this type of settings for receiving a stream.
Connecting an IP camera to a computer: a simple scheme of actions
The reason is that the instructions offered by the manufacturer, and do not take into account the existing reality of setting up a home or office network segment.
However, making everything simple and connecting the IP camera correctly is not difficult.
ALGorithm of actions for connecting an IP camera to a computer
First, it is worth considering the simplest reference case: a computer or laptop was not configured to work within a local network, and their default settings were not changed. In this case, it is not difficult to make the IP surveillance camera the correct connection.
The aLGorithm of actions is as follows:
- From the sticker on the body of the device or from the documentation, you can recognize the Assigned factory IP addresses of the camera;
- In the settings of the computer’s network card, you must specify an address that differs from the camera in the fourth set of numbers (separated by dots)
- As a gateway in the computer settings, the first three groups of numbers indicate the camera data, and the fourth. one.
After saving the changes. you can connect a network cable to the port of the computer and laptop corresponding to the connector of the digital surveillance device.
All settings are made according to the manufacturer’s instructions, without any deviations in the spelling of the address or in the access modes.
This method is convenient for users who access the Internet from a computer or laptop via a wireless access point.
In this case, you can connect and configure in minutes to monitor and record, as well as quickly remove data from a device that writes a stream to a memory card.
However, this simple configuration method will not work if a router is used, which is engaged in forwarding and assigning IP addresses of devices attached to it.
In this case, after performing operations for direct connection to a surveillance device, users will NOT be able to access the Internet without restoring the initial settings of a computer or laptop.
Setting up and changing an IP camera with the implementation of the VEB interface
Almost all modern cameras allow setting parameters after connecting using a regular web browser.
Service engineers or someone who is constantly faced with the need for such an operation. carry a netbook and a network cable.
This makes it possible to quickly negotiate settings to gain access to device settings.
Mechanics, how to connect an IP camera Wi-Fi. will allow you to do everything using a smartphone.
You need to perform the following operations:
- Look in the documentation or on the stickers on the case for the name of the access point (camera transmitter)
- It also contains the username, default password, and device IP addresses;
- A connection is made to the access point, a name and password are entered;
- A web browser is launched on the smartphone, after which the IP is entered in the address period to access the settings.
This option allows you to view the flow even without changing any data.
However, to do this from anywhere in the world or from within a network infrastructure isolated from the outside world, you will need to assign IP addresses to the observation point.
This is done in several ways:
- In the case of an isolated network structure. the IP addresses of the camera must be in the used range. The easiest way is to contact the system administrator and outline the task at hand. He will allocate one of the free addresses, which is entered in the device settings;
- For access from the Internet, it is most convenient to assign a dynamic name to the camera. To do this, a name service is prescribed in the settings, many of them are free. After assigning a unique identifier to the device, it will be possible to access it and receive a stream from anywhere in the world.
Setting up the IP model connected by the manual is done in a slightly different way, so engineers prefer to do it using a separate laptop or netbook. The addressing negotiation method is described above in the method of direct connection of a computer and a digital monitoring device.
Further actions of the user are identical to those described in the documentation for the device: entering the IP into the browser line, if necessary, dialing a name and password, gaining access to the settings.
In conclusion, it should be mentioned in the cameras working with cloud services from the manufacturer. Most of THESE devices are wireless.
To conveniently access the stream, the user only needs to configure the camera in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and register it in the cloud service.
After that, having access to the Internet, you can not only watch broadcasts in real time, but also work with the archive and even (from some manufacturers) receive the functions of a software motion detector, schedule recording, mailing is notified when a certain event occurs.
Connecting to IP Camera via Cloud Server
Enter the device menu (IP camera or DVR) and configure the network interface. In princIPle, to connect an IP camera through a router, you can limit yourself to enabling the receIPt of settings automatically from the DHCP server configured in the router (if it is of course configured =)). But I would not consider this possibility, since without additional settings of the router there is a risk of changing the IP address of the device automatically, which is undesirable, since in this case the device will be guaranteed lost system.
If the connection to the device is via the Internet, and not in the local network (including via Wi-Fi) and the local IP address is not used, then you can put a kryzhik opposite DHCP On in the menu item Net recorder or camera.
But it is better if our recording is made on a PC, or a PC with installed software is used as an additional workplace of the system.
So, let’s go back to connecting the IP camera to the computer via a router. The version with the PC available in the system, which is used for recording or as a monitor.
We need to connect the surveillance system to a common network, which in turn is connected to a router. In addition, you need to make sure that all connected devices are within the same subnet range and each has a unique IP address. Our next steps are as follows.
Initially, you must enter the correct gateway and DNS server address. As a rule, by default the router (router) has the first address in the used subnet (with some exceptions, for example, a MikroTik router breaks out of this rule, but this is generally a rather complicated device for a beginner in the settings). That is, we have the address of the router 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 (this address can be found in the instructions for the router, or, if there is a PC connected to this network, in the menu item state. intelligence in the properties of the network adapter) enter equals from THESE values into the item Gateway of the registrar or camera in the menu item Net. Proceed in the same way with point First DNS, in step Secondary DNS set the value to 188.8.131.52.
Then, saving the settings by pressing OK and go to the menu item Network Services devices to make sure Cloud Service is enabled.
We leave this menu and go to the item Information, where we select the item “Version” and we see the following:
We are interested in the string Serial No. (or Serial ID, Cloud ID depending on the type of device). It is represented as an alphanumeric value, example: 3CCDE2C48A63CDDE
We write it down, it is this that we will use to connect to the system.
In fact, everything has been done and it remains to add the devices to the software that will be used for remote work with the system, for example, software CMS, let’s use his example and continue.
Selecting a menu item Devices, create an area with an arbitrary name in the list and select the item Add device. We are interested in the item Cloud, put a kryzhik opposite it and enter the following values in the fields that appear below.
In line Name arbitrarily name the device to be added, in the string Serial ID we enter the values that we recorded, took them from the device, in time Login and Password enter the default values (if they did NOT change, of course, if we change our own) admin-for Login, value Password leave it blank and press the button Add to
We considered further work with the added device last time, and since there are differences, we will not return to it.
Connecting an IP camera to a pc
If you do not remember your password, then enter your email and you will receive a login link. After authorization, enter your new password in the profile settings.
For remote access to the surveillance system, we need to have some kind of Internet channel, ideally it is good if it is a wired connection to the provider’s equIPment. As a rule, between the equIPment of the provider, from which the wire comes to us, and our internal network, to which the personal computer is connected, there is a device called a router, or router. The task of this device is to separate the external and internal networks and create certain access rules from one network to another. Let’s consider connecting an IP camera through a router in stages. We will proceed from the fact that the camera is connected, configured and added to the device, about this here.
There are two options for solving the problem:
First option. This is a connection through Cloud servers when it is impossible to get a static IP address. In implementation, it is the simplest, here you just need to configure the addresses.
Option two is preferable. Availability dedicated by GoPro white, static IP address. This option will allow us to be independent of cloud servers, the path to Which lies, in my case, at least half the country and a lot of providers, which ultimately affects the connection speed with the equIPment as a whole.
Connecting IP cameras via a router using a static IP address
Now let’s consider the option with the introduction of static IP, which we received from the provider.
Initially, we configure the network interface in the same way as described above, there are differences in this paragraph. Next, we are interested in the values of the ports in the network settings of the device. By default, we have two main ports, this is the 80th HTTP port and TCP port 34567.
I will warn you right away that to ensure the network security of the device, I strongly discourage using the HTTP port at all, regardless of whether the port value has changed or not. Therefore, we forget about it and change port 34567 to any other, for example, 56789 or 24242. The fact is that port 34567 is quite compromised, due to the fact that it is widely used in surveillance systems, and it is this port that is used by an attacker to attack a device. So, instead of 34567 we enter our value and remember or write it down.
At this point, the configuration can be considered complete, and then we have to create a rule in the router and dwell on the common and inexpensive routers of the Tp-Link company, and it is just at hand =), let’s get started.
Connecting an IP camera via a Tp-Link router
In the address bar of any browser, enter the address of the Tp-Link router and in the window that appears, enter the login and password to enter the device menu (by default, as a rule, password: admin, login: admin).
After entering the device menu, click on the line redirection and select the item virtual servers and press the button add.
And it gets here:
Here we need to create our own rule. In field service port we enter the port number with which we replaced 34567 in the recorder (if replaced of course), for example, let it be 24242. It is by this port number that we will refer to the surveillance system, so it would be nice to remember or write it down. Then in the field IP addresses enter the value of the IP address that we specified in the network settings of the camera or recorder, for example, 192.168.0.5 (it is for the device with this address that we create a rule).
In field protocol select the TCP value (this protocol is used by the system), in the field state the default value is Included, we leave it as it is or change it if there is a different value. Field Standard service port we are not interested, so click Save
And we see the added rule:
This completes the configuration of the router, it remains to add an IP camera or recorder (hereinafter referred to as the device) to the software on the PC from which we will access the remote system.
- To connect an IP camera via a router Install and run the CMS program;
- Go to the menu item for adding devices, arbitrarily name it;
- In field IP addresses specify the value of the static IP address that the provider gave us;
- In field Port specify the port number with which we replaced the standard 34567 (in our example it was port 24242)
- Into the fields Name and Password enter the values from the device (by default the name is admin, the password field is left blank) and press the button Add device;
If everything was done correctly, the device with the created name will appear in the list of devices and you can start working with it.
Connecting via a router
Immediately before you start connecting the wi-fi camera to a computer, you need to familiarize yourself with the existing device model and the important points of the process. One of them is represented by Tincture of equIPment for SOFTOVAYA integration, which is impossible without changing the virtual address.
How to connect a wi-fi camera to a computer via a router? When familiarizing yourself with the device, you should pay attention to its IP-address, which looks like this 192.168.0.1, but basically it will have different numerical values. You can find it on the box, the back of the equIPment, or in the instructions.
After that, connect the camera to the computer via wi-fi. To do this, go to any browser and open the page with the IP number. In most cases, nothing will happen, and the Page will not open, which indicates that the domain mismatch prevents the software from docking.
You can solve this problem by visiting Control Panel, which is in the menu Start. Next, the tab opens “Network and Sharing Management, and already in the dialog box that opens, you need to click on the hyperlink of the wireless network connection.
When the next window appears, click on the button Intelligence. The user will see all the characteristics of the current connection, and the most important of them Default gateway, having an IP address. Next, the driver with the software is installed, and the application is launched.
How to set up IP addresses on a computer:
- IP address: where we enter the data of the tracking device;
- Mask: the subnet mask always remains the default 255.255.255.0;
- Gateway: this is the valid data of the router.
Once all the cells are filled, the user will be able to see the images from the existing device. It should be understood that such integration is possible only in the case of devices that have a built-in wi-fi adapter that allows them to perceive the signal and integrate with the router’s network. To make sure of this, you should read the instructions or see the Corresponding logo on the box.
Connecting a wi-fi camera to a computer in 2 ways
One of the most important questions in creating a security system at home or premises is how to connect a wi-fi camera to a computer. You can do this yourself. After studying the detailed instructions.
Connecting without a router
An important point is how to connect a wi-fi camera to a computer without a router, which requires the user to directly connect the device to the switch. To do this, you can use a UTP cable, one end of which connects to the device and the other to the router. After that, you will need to determine the data of the gateways of the router connected to the PC.
How to connect a wi-fi camera to a computer without a router? To do this, GoPro needs to go through the same operation as when you need to connect the camera to a computer via wi-fi. AT Control panels item is selected Network and Sharing Management, but already in it you will need to select an item LAN connection. In the window that opens, you can also open Intelligence, where and the required values will be indicated. Next, the drivers are installed on the PC, and the application opens.