Installing the camera
The IP camera is connected directly to the computer through a connection. This method of connecting an IP camera, in which power is supplied over a twisted pair, is familiar to everyone, because they connect Wi-Fi routers, as well as a direct wired Internet connection, set-top boxes and many other various hardware. If it is necessary to connect two or more surveillance devices to the computer, then the power supply of the IP camera via twisted pair occurs in the same way only using a router.
Each device has its own IP address, which must be found out in order to connect to a personal computer. There are special programs that help determine the IP address of each device individually. Also, usually bundled with the camera should be an installation disk, which contains device drivers and special programs.
After you find out the IP address, you should change it using standard or downloaded programs, since your local address must match the local network address. It is possible to change the IP address via LAN. To do this, you need to go to its properties and select the Internet protocol. In the “IP address” window, enter the Updated addresses, and in the “Default gateway” window, enter the camera address.
After that, access to the device can be obtained by registering its address in the browser. When you go to the device’s IP address, you can immediately connect to it and see the image. This simple method is used by everyone who wants to see their own webcam from the monitor screen. In addition to the fact that you can record from an IP camera to a computer, it is possible to provide a connection to a recorder for an IP surveillance camera.
How to set up and connect an IP camera to a computer
- Installing the camera
- The process of connecting a camera that has a Wi-Fi interface
- How to connect an IP surveillance camera without a computer
- Internet monitoring
- On this topic
The use of IP cameras is popular today. They are installed in public facilities, mainly to capture various images. Each device has an internal web server, and it can fully function with Internet networks using a Wi-Fi connection or WAN or LAN networks. Each device has its own IP address, which can be used to display images on the screen of any personal computer that has access to the Internet. It is not necessary to install special software to view images, a browser is enough.
In addition to standard image transmission, some devices have additional functions:
- Sound playback;
- The ability to transmit voice messages through the built-in speaker;
- Installed motion sensors, night vision and more;
- Possibility of email notification.
Cameras are used Not only for the safety of the surrounding citizens, they are also installed in various work sites, such as mines. It so happens that observation serves for the cultural familiarization of people with the territory.
Since most people switched to surveillance, the question arose seriously about how to connect an IP camera to a computer directly. Of course, users who are poorly versed in computers will NOT be able to connect the camera immediately, but those who communicate with the computer on “you” will certainly be able to do this.
How to connect an IP surveillance camera without a computer
It is also possible to use the connection without the particIPation of a personal computer. For this, a special recorder and a data storage disk are used, in which the recording from the IP camera is located. All this is connected to the monitor directly and displayed on the screen.
This method is used only if the hard disk, recorder and cameras were purchased from the same manufacturer. This is feasible because different manufacturers may NOT be compatible with each other and therefore can cause you a lot of problems when connecting. And it is not a fact that the connection will have a successful result.
The process of connecting a camera that has a Wi-Fi interface
To accomplish this task, you must perform the following steps:
- First, you need to install the camera in the right place so that the area is viewed completely, and not having dead spots.
- Roe’s power supply for IP cameras is supplied by a specially designed adapter. After connecting the camera, the lights on the device light up, which notify that the device is connected to power.
- On a personal computer, you must install all existing drivers and programs that came with the device.
- In the standard program, you need to change the IP-address so that the first 3 digits are exactly the same as in the local network of your computer. The fourth digit should be different. After that, the port number is set.
- When purchasing an IP camera, the documents must contain a login and password, which must be entered after making all the settings in the browser of a personal computer in order to have full access to the image in real time.
- It is necessary after all this GoPro known wireless network setup.
- After that, it is worth confirming the filled in data and setting up Wi-Fi access.
- At the end, it is worth restarting the computer and the device.
After all the actions taken, the connection should work and be displayed in the browser of the personal computer.
Connecting multIPle cameras requires a router. The router has its own input for connecting to the Internet network and many inputs for connecting IP cameras. It is configured in exactly the same way, the only difference is that instead of one address, many are prescribed, since each device has its own unique address, and you need to register it to access the device. Each camera has a unique port number and fourth digits Must be different.
Providing power to the IP camera is the key to smooth and successful operation. For this, the IP camera technology PoE connection is used. The PoE IP camera can directly connect to the power supply and provide uninterrupted monitoring of the site. The power supply for IP cameras provides power, sometimes a splitter is used to connect to connect the camera through the PoE injector for IP cameras. An injector is needed to connect a camera with an IP address to the unit if it does not have a PoE connection. In this case, the injector acts as a conductor. There are cameras with built-in PoE that do NOT require an injector to be connected to. The multichannel injector uses the connection of all cameras to it and provides them with uninterrupted power supply due to the fact that a PoE power supply for IP cameras is connected to it.
You should NOT contact specialized centers for connecting IP cameras to a personal computer, because all this can be done independently, usually by a user who knows how to manage the operating system. Connection does not require special knowledge, you can learn it in a matter of minutes. The main thing is to find the necessary information on the Internet, study uninterruptible power supplies, find out the type of camera, decide whether you need a multi-channel injector and splitter. After the equIPment is fully purchased and connected using the “twisted pair” type of wires, you can start setting up the equIPment.
How to find out the IP
The owner can easily find out the IP of his camera in several ways:
- From the device label, if these numbers are indicated on it.
- From instructions.
- Using the program on the mentioned disk.
- If you have a software disc, download a suitable utility on the Internet (for this, it is advisable to go to the manufacturer’s website).
The correct way to find out the LAN IP behind a laptop (computer):
- Pressing Windows R keys to open command term.
- Enter the text cmd into it, click OK.
- In the black window that appears, enter IPconfig, press Enter.
The system will display all the required numbers. We recommend writing them down on paper.
Installing one IP camera
Step-by-step aLGorithm on how to connect an IP camera to a computer without a router:
- Find out the IP addresses of the camera.
- Find out the IP of the local network.
- Install the webcam, connect the power supply, connect the IP camera to the computer with a crossover cable. Make sure that the lights on the device come on to confirm that the connection is correct.
- Insert the disk with the web camera software with the connection and configuration programs into the drive and start.
- Change camera address.
- Register a port for the camera.
- Disable AI camera and restart computer.
Choice of cables
The choice in favor of Chinese cameras that support Power over Ethernet (PoE for short) technology allows you to establish power supply using Ethernet cables, which are also called “twisted pairs”. It is very convenient and profitable, because each IP camera does not need a separate socket.
Twisted pairs are divided into 9 categories.
|CAT1||0.1||For audio transmission|
|CAT2||1||2 pairs of conductors, still used in telephone networks, not used in monitoring systems|
|CAT3||sixteen||4-pair, used as Ethernet cable, NOT more than 100 meters|
|CAT4||20||4-pair, used in token ring networks, currently not used|
|CAT5||100||4-pair, for connecting local area networks (LAN) and telephone lines|
|CAT5e||125||4-pair, the most common cable for computer networks|
|CAT6||250||4-pair, for LAN|
|CAT6a||500||4-pair unshielded, for high-speed LANs|
|CAT7||700||4-pair, shielded, for high speed LANs|
There are also three types of on-site Ethernet cables, which are easily distinguished by the color of the outer sheath of the cable.
|Orange||In rooms with increased fire safety requirements|
You should also distinguish between twisted pairs for shielding, that is, protection against interference:
- UTP. without shielding.
- FTP. with foil shielding.
- STP. copper braided and foil sheathed.
If no strong interference is observed at the location of the IP cameras, it is recommended to lay UTP cables, and those that do not require grounding, are easy to install and at the same time cost less than the second.
It remains to highlight two options for the twisted pair for crimping the connector:
- Straight-through cable. to connect the NIC port to the router.
- Crossover cable. for connecting two network cards.
To connect to a computer, a router needs a direct one. To connect to the camera, if one will be applied. cross.
Connecting multIPle cameras
Instructions on how to connect an IP camera to a computer, if there are two or more of them, and does not differ in complexity. The more time you need to spend, the more devices are needed for the surveillance system.
Before connecting to a laptop or computer and configuring, you should:
- Determine the goals of control. only monitoring the territory or identifying persons guilty of illegal entry into the facility.
- Plan the location of IP cameras, covering all surveillance areas in accordance with the tasks.
- Install the required number of web cameras in the right places. Important: devices should be placed in such a way that bright light from spotlights, direct sunlight, etc. does not enter the lens, and also minimize the likelihood of damage to cameras.
- Connect devices to power supply.
The power source can be a router (router, switch) if you connect cameras to it via LAN ports.
The abbreviation LAN stands for Local Area Network, in Russian. LAN (local area network). All cameras are connected in twisted pairs to the router via LAN ports, and the router / switch is connected to the computer with a straight cable.
To properly connect IP cameras via Wi Fi, you must:
- Enter the wireless network access data in the webcam setup program.
- Configure Wi-Fi interface in Windows.
- Disable cameras and restart your computer.
Otherwise, the setup process is the same as for using one camera.
How to connect an IP camera to a computer. detailed instructions
Installing a modern surveillance system on your own, you should ensure its functioning, Having figured out how to connect an IP camera to a computer and correctly configure the equIPment. Different connection methods and modern control technologies, their use step by step. the topic of this article.
How to change IP addresses
The need to change the webcam address is easy to prove. until this is done, the user is doomed to complain that the computer does not see the device.
You can change the numbers to the camera:
- Using the program (utility) from the manufacturer. from a disk or website. through which they can be recognized.
- Through the device web interface.
A utility from the aforementioned Chinese company Hikvision is called SADP. If you bought a camera from another company, the instructions for the device or the menu of the supplied software disc will help you find the program you need.
How to change IP through the webcam interface step by step:
- Open Control Panel, go to Network and Internet. Network Control Center.
- In the line “Connections” select “Local network” or “Ethernet”.
- In the window that appears, they will call “Properties”. “IP Protocol version 4 IPv4”.
- Select the properties of the protocol and register the IP address of the IP of the local network as the IP address, and the new IP web cameras invented by the user in the “Default gateway”.
- Save settings and exit.
- Open a browser, set a new IP camera in the search bar. If the previous steps were taken the right way, the login and password will be invited.
- Enter the login with the password from the instructions. Go to the “Network” tab.
- Register the same new IP camera, standard subnet mask, IP modem or router in the “gateway” field and the same numbers in the “DNS IP addresses” field.
- Register the port number, changing the default value “80”, for example, to “801”.
- Save settings and reboot web camera.
Before installing several units or dozens of cameras at the facility, this procedure must be done with all. Each should be assigned a separate ai pi addresses with unique numbers after the aforementioned third point and for each write a port number.
A guide for connecting an IP camera to a computer will help you successfully cope with the task only if you have a complete set of equIPment that make up a single surveillance system, all elements of which are compatible.
If only one IP camera will be used to organize control, the set of system components is minimal:
- The actual IP camera.
- Power Supply.
- Hard disk for recorder.
- Hardware software disc.
In this case, connecting directly to a computer or laptop and the initial setup of the camera is much easier. But the recorder and X series camera of one GoPro are preferred, be it the Chinese company Hikvision or another.
It is also recommended to include a GSM informer in the surveillance system. a device that gives an alarm by a call or SMS.
You don’t need a special computer program to view cameras, you can enter their web interface through a regular browser. IP cameras, in fact, are designed to transmit data in a format to the network, so you need to view the Internet with a good quality connection. A static IP address is also required. If you need to change the dynamic IP to the static one, you should contact the provider.
Installation and use of IP cameras with Wi-Fi interface requires a laptop or stationary computer with a working Wi-Fi adapter.
Connecting the IP camera to the recorder
Next, the IP camera must be connected to the recorder.
This procedure consists of the following sequence of actions:
- The recorder is connected to the modem.
- The web addresses of the registrar are driven into the address bar of the browser.
- In the window that appears, enter the login and password from this device.
- The webcam is bound to the recorder in the configuration settings.
- Click “Save”.
- Web camera reboots.
If the surveillance system includes a considerable number of cameras, each one is tied to the recorder in the same way.
After connecting, you will also need to synchronize the operation of devices, which is performed in the browser. system settings. You should go to “Channel Management”. “Modes”, select a channel and add a device, set its search, and after waiting for it to complete, enter the password and save the settings.
How to connect an IP camera directly to a laptop?
Surveillance systems have become very popular in recent years. Organizing surveillance of your home, office, apartment or plot means securing your home or workplace. With the advancement of technology, analog cameras are becoming a thing of the past. Digital IP cameras offer high-quality images and are much simpler and more convenient to use, despite the fact that the cost of analog and IP devices is almost the same.
and more users began to try to figure out how to connect and configure devices on their own. The services of specialists will cost a lot, but resorting to them is not necessary, because you can connect the camera to a laptop and set up the interface yourself.
IP camera connection
You can connect an IP-camera to a laptop directly, but on condition that an equal device is involved. It is enough to have only a “twisted pair”. an Ethernet cable. If the IP-camera has such a connector, you should take a USB with a converter.
often, 2, 3, 4, up to 16 cameras are used in the surveillance system. Then the connection is made through a router, which is much more complicated. over, if you need remote access, which allows you to see what is happening in the surveillance area of the camera from anywhere by connecting to the Internet and entering the device address.
However, today you can buy IP-cameras equIPped with wi-fi technology. If a wireless module is working on the laptop, just turn on the camera. And in the browser, enter the device address.
If the selected camera is wired, then first of all it must be connected to the power supply and to the network. Then connect the device and laptop with a standard RG45 cable.
Below is a diagram of connecting an IP-camera to a laptop.
Then you need to find out the IP-address of the used IP-cameras. All devices have a unique address assigned by the manufacturer. You can find it in 3 ways:
- Installed the software that comes with the cameras;
- I downloaded the utility from the manufacturer’s website;
- In documents (in a box or label).
However, if you try to open it on the Internet without preliminary configuration, nothing will happen, since the laptop and the surveillance device operate on different subnets. This must be configured by assigning addresses to the laptop in the range 192.168.1.1. 192.168.1.254, but not the same as the camera’s address.
For example, let the addresses of the IP-camera be 192.168.1.1.
You can find out the laptop’s IP address as follows: on the Control Panel (control panel, you can call it by clicking start and typing control in the search), open the “Network and Sharing Center”. “Connections”, select the “Ethernet” section, then open the ” information “. String of IP addresses.
Change the IP-address of the laptop 192.168.1.2. (Since in our example the IP address of the camera is 192.168.1.1)
Open your browser. Now if you enter the specified address in the address period, the image from the camera will appear there. You will also need a password and login.
After starting, click: Tools. Internet Options. Security. There you should select the setting of the nodes of the site, in the line sites add a subnet in which the cameras will function. Can:
- Register the address as 192.168. ;
- Enter specific IP address of the camera.
In the security settings, you must also enable all permissions.
How to make an IP camera from a laptop
Many people want to organize surveillance of their own workplace and strive to install powerful IP-cameras for this, which must be connected through a router, recorder or capture camera. This is a reliable and high-quality method, but very expensive. Much easier to use laptop webcam.
You will need to register, after which a window will open with a list of connected devices.
The simplest option, and not allowing, however, to view the image on the network. creating an archive on the laptop itself. To do this, you should allocate at least 100 GB of space. you just need to define a folder on your computer and make sure that there is enough free space on your hard drive. If there are several cameras for the planned surveillance system, you can take care of buying a cloud service.
The setup is complete. The program will show a special window and a site where you can view the image from the IP-camera. Great way to keep an eye on your work area or babysit from the next room.
For remote GoPro viewing, you can download the application on Android. This will allow you to always be aware of what is happening, even from the phone.
Ivideon is NOT the only program that allows you to organize surveillance through a webcam. You can also use:
- Abelcam is a paid program that allows you to organize surveillance with one device for free (trial version). Supports all kinds of cameras. The interface for customization is pleasant and easy to understand.
- Axxon Next. allows you to organize monitoring from 16 cameras simultaneously. The disadvantage of a complex interface is that setting up will take time and patience. It is also not possible to connect high-definition cameras.
- Globoss is a program with a unique ability to use web and IP cameras at once. Only 2 devices can be used for free, in the licensed version a maximum of 12 connections are available. It is possible to organize remote monitoring.
Connecting the RF-LINK IP camera directly to a computer without using a recorder
Connecting the camera directly to a computer is most often used when local surveillance is required, in a home or office, sometimes even, for greater security, without access to the Internet. In this case, there is no particular difficulty in setting up, the camera is “plugged” into a free network port and “local” surveillance is ensured.
If you still need remote access to the camera and computer, the setup becomes somewhat more complicated.
What is required? Firstly, an additional network adapter to the computer (we are considering the option when you DO NOT want to buy a switch or switch, let’s say you have a bunch of network cards lying around, but it’s not clear where to adapt them).
Secondly, the correct setting of IP addressing in the camera and network adapters of the computer in order for all devices to get Internet access.
Connect the Internet to the first network card, nothing to the second. We make the Internet connection on the main network card public. To do this, right-click on the Internet connection and select the properties section. Then open the “Access” tab and put a tick on the item “Allow network users to use the Internet connection of this computer.
In the settings of the second connection, we will have a new network address 192.168.137.1, you can check this by looking at the properties of the network connection in the IP version 4 (TCP / IPv4).
Next, connect the camera to a free Ethernet port. Now our main task is to change the IP addresses in the camera, and this is quite easy to do using the program
Ajdevtools (the installation file is called IPSearch install full on disk). IP addresses should look like 192.168.137.XXX where XXX specifies the desired number from 2 to 254. Or, even easier, check the DHCP box, reboot the camera, and find its new address with the same program. We put this address in Internet Explorer and enter the admin panel. This completes the network setup, you can watch and work with other functions of the camera. A detailed descrIPtion of working with the admin panel is considered further.
Connecting the camera to a router or switch
The connection process is similar, except that the camera output is connected in this situation either to the LAN input of a switch or router.
When connecting the camera to a router or to a switch, the question often arises: “What if the camera is not identified or the IP address of the camera indicated on the box is in a different network segment and it is necessary to change the IP address of the camera?”.
For such situations, there are a huge number of tools that can be downloaded on the Internet, for example SADPtool. However, the disc supplied with the camera also contains all the necessary tools.
Pay attention to the composition of the disc, there are descrIPtions in English, as well as a client program for viewing surveillance cameras and a mobile client for IP cameras. Here you can also find the WEB config program for installing a plug-in in Internet Explorer that allows you to work with the camera’s administrative panel. Programs for finding cameras on the network that we need are also available here. Of the two programs on the disk, it is better to install SearchTools_install_full. It is this program that will allow you to edit the IP address and some other settings of the IP camera. Also, if the connection is successful, it can turn on the camera preview window.
After installation, the following shortcut will appear on the desktop:
A couple of clicks on the shortcuts will launch our program.
Here you can change the IP address of the camera, enable or disable DHCP, and even check if the camera starts with a new IP address.
The main menu is called when you check the box on the camera and press the right mouse button.
There are a lot of functions up to rebooting, flashing and resetting the camera to factory settings. It makes no sense to analyze all the functions here, because in most cases the main goal that this program performs is to search for a camera on the network and configure IP addressing for further work.
So the IP addressing is configured. Now we can open the Internet Explorer browser and enter the IP cameras in the address term.
If the address is correct and the IP addressing is configured correctly, then you get to the invitation page. Password. “123456” Login “admin”.
Why Internet Explorer? The fact is that almost all the latest versions of the browsers Chrome, Mozilla and many others, and do not support some of the functions on the basis of which most of these online cabinets are created and created. So here either look for an older version that supports these features, or just use IE. Of course, over time, some cameras have new firmware, which allows you to work in other browsers, but today Internet Explorer is universal in this regard.
After loading the working window, a message may appear asking you to download the plugin for further work. We can download, or we can install from the disk supplied with the camera. The plugin is called Webconfig. And only after installing it, we will finally be able to see live from the camera.
In the “Live” section you can View. And thanks to the shortcut buttons on the bottom panel, enable recording. Take screenshots, record audio if the camera has a microphone. Also on the right panel is the control of PTZ elements and motorized lenses, focus, zoom and iris control.
How to properly connect and configure the RF-LINK IP camera
IP camera. a camera connected to devices using an RJ-45 connector over a local network. The word IP in the title means that the camera has its own IP address and can be positioned in the local network and in the Internet as an independent device. IP cameras are powered in three ways:
On a separate cable using a power supply;
Using POE technology via data cable, via POE device (POE recorder, POE switch), if the camera supports POE technology;
Combo connection when the camera has an internal POE adapter and the ability to connect the power supply separately (as in the picture).
Sometimes power can be supplied to the camera without POE using external (external POE) devices such as POE injector.
The 3rd (combined and universal connection method) is implemented in RF-LINK IP cameras.
The IP camera can be connected directly to a computer, to a local network through a switch, to a router or to a recorder. over, in addition to recorders, which are most often used to connect IP cameras, classic NVR (Network Recorder), sometimes hybrid recorders, so-called XVR, are used, which support both IP and AHD cameras.
Cameras are connected to the NVR recorder both directly and through a connection to a local network, using a switch or switch.
To the XVR recorder, where the main ones are AHD cameras, which are connected directly, IP cameras are connected only through a local network, through a switch or switch.
Camera admin panel interface
Basic camera settings are located in the configuration section. The first item is the image settings.
Let’s analyze them in more detail.
Brightness, contrast, saturation, sharpness. these settings are unlikely to cause any difficulty for anyone. This is followed by the abbreviation “BLC” (Back Light Compensation). Backlight Compensation is a feature that fixes exactly the problem for which it got its name. Any amateur photographer knows what it is. When the background is bright, objects in the image become darker and less distinct. When you turn on the BLC. The iris, camera shutter, and auto gain are adjusted to compensate for this glare and make other objects more visible. Using the slider, you can select the required BLC level for a given moment and place. An almost similar function is “HLC” (HighLight Compensation) backlight compensation, or literally, bright light compensation. The essence is almost the same, it works as a filter, which is able to “darken” too bright light sources and “show” overexposed objects.
2D DNR, 3D DNR. These are, in fact, two kinds of one function, just “3D DNR” is a more advanced option. DNR stands for Dynamic Noise Reduction. dynamic noise reduction. Dynamic Noise Cancellation, a very useful feature that will help when extraneous noise appears on. Associated with all kinds of electronic interference from working devices, poor-quality connections, internal interference of the surveillance equIPment itself.
White Balance. The most important parameter for initial camera setup. Usually it is adjusted automatically, but very often it happens that the color gamut is greatly distorted in the room due to multi-colored blinds, curtains, walls painted in a certain color, various light sources, in this case, adjusting the white balance will help. The sliders are used as adjustment (red, green, blue).
FlIP Vertical functions. FlIP Horizontal and Rotate. Service functions do NOT require explanation and special settings. But here is the function “Anti-fog”, very, very interesting. This function allows you to adjust the image in this way. To compensate for the effect of fog, steam or smoke on the image quality, and thus allow you to see any details in adverse conditions of visibility. In fact, this happens with the help of Special programs for digital image processing.
The “WDR”. Wide Dynamic Range function is different, the wide dynamic range function. WDR allows you to improve the image in the event that objects or a room are unevenly lit and both darkened and overexposed areas are observed. over, WDR can be either hardware (with a processor built into the camera’s chIPset) or software WDR (processing is carried out using software).
Cameras with hardware WDR are usually more expensive and are claimed to be a standalone feature. Image processing occurs due to the fact that the camera takes several frames with different shutter speeds over a certain period of time and Analyzing them makes up a sort of averaged picture compensating for the “damaged” image fragments, thanks to the obtained frames with “unspoiled” fragments due to a reduced or increased exposure. After all, as we remember, “” is a stream of changing pictures, like on a film strIP. Thus, the WDR function works like a restorer, we cut out a good image from one frame and replace the damaged one with it in another frame. In the admin panel of our camera, the usual slider from the minimum to the maximum value is used to adjust WDR.
Next is the “Night Shutter Mode” function and the “Day Shutter Mode” function. In automatic mode, you do not need to configure anything, but you can enter manual mode if necessary. The shutter speed is adjusted in both cases depending on the lighting conditions. In fact, this is a night and day exposure is indicated in seconds and is adjusted locally, depending on the illumination. In fact, this is usually done if the image is either too dark or too bright.
Function “IRCut”. adjusts the operation of the IR filter at night or during the day. IT can be configured automatically or manually, even set up a schedule for on and off.
IR Color is a small addition to IRCut. The need to turn it on or off depends on the sensor model, not all matrices are capable of working in the dark in Color mode, but sometimes even if the camera works in Color mode in the dark, it is better to switch it to black and white mode to get a clearer image and reduce noise.
OSD menu of the administrative panel.
Here you can enable or disable the captions and indicators on the image coming from the IP camera to the screen. In addition to an arbitrary inscrIPtion. You can also enable display of information about time and date, enable display of information about resolution and bitrate
Customize Title menu. Customize custom title on the image.
ROI (Region of Interest) function. Allows you to configure areas of high interest to save disk space and to reduce the amount of information transferred. When this function is enabled, only the areas indicated on the diagram will be transmitted in maximum resolution
The privacy mask, on the contrary, will exclude from the recording a certain area in the room where we do NOT want to record any information.
The next section of the menu “”.
You can configure the used H.264 or H.265 codec and the resolution of the recorded. The bitrate type is used here in two kinds CBR and VBR. CBR. Constant BitRate, VBR. Variable BitRate. In the first case, the image is written “uneconomical” as it is. In the second case, if no events occur. Some frames are skIPped and, accordingly, much less space on the hard disk is consumed.
Menu item “Audio”. Selecting an audio codec if there are audio devices connected to the camera and adjusting the volume.
Menu item “Network”. “Basic”, IP addressing settings for working on the Internet and a local network.
This is perhaps one of the most important configuration sections. It is here that the IP addresses of the camera are indicated or DHCP is turned on for automatic configuration of the camera. The Internet gateway of the local network is also registered here, through which the camera will access the Internet.
Menu “Network” submenu “Service ports”. Configuring ports used for different streaming protocols. Here you can also enable or disable protocol ports. Which are NOT intended to be used with the camera. For example, the HIK protocol is a protocol compatible with the Hikvision registrar and it happens that it does not always work correctly with compatible devices, then you can turn it off simply by unchecking the HIK box. Authentication modes are also configured here.
Section “P2P” of the “Network” menu. Configuring access to the camera from mobile devices. We’ll cover this feature in more detail in a separate article. To connect to a P2P network, here it is enough to check the “enable” item and select the type of cloud. You can also scan the QR code if you have one and get a program on your phone that will connect the camera to your phone. By default, the DANALE program is used, which by the way is included with the camera.
Section “SMTP”. setting up the mail server for sending photos or mail. Here, the setup is pretty simple. Specify the mail servers, which can be obtained from the provider, we enter the login and password. Then, in the schedule, indicate to which address we will send the photo and in what cases.
The “FTP” section is where we configure the FTP server name, access port, and authorization data. You also need to specify the folder where the data for sending is stored.
“RTMP”. setting for viewing the camera on the Internet using the RTMP protocol. Specify the server, port and stream ID and receive broadcasting to your computer or phone in a program that supports the RTMP protocol.
The “PTZ” section allows you to configure the protocols and data transmission rate for the correct operation of Pan Tilt Zoom cameras. We usually leave the default settings.
“Storage” allows you to specify external storage media, including network.
Schedule Recording Menu. Setting whether to enable or disable recording depending on the time and day of the week. It is set up very simply, especially nothing can be said about this item, except that after setting it up, do not forget to press the save button.
The System menu contains basic system settings such as managing passwords and users, as well as setting the interface language, time and date, resetting to factory settings, rebooting, flashing and updating the camera.
You can get acquainted with the firmware version of the device in the “Information” menu.
In the top menu there is a section “Storage”. You can specify storage paths and photos, both on external and local devices.
Alarm menu. In fact, the incident log is filled only when the “Events” for which the alarm is triggered are configured. Depending on the camera model, motion sensors, perimeter protection or smart sensors, for example, “Difficult behind the object in the frame”, are configured here. The settings are quite simple, usually the parameters of the photo are indicated and sent to the mail and FTP, the work schedule, as well as sound effects to trigger the alarm. Also, do not forget to specify the area of event detection on the screen in order to track specific areas.
Almost all RF-LINK IP cameras have an online interface, the functionality may sometimes differ slightly.
If you have any questions about setting up IP cameras, our specialists will always be happy to help and answer your questions.
Connect the IP camera directly directly to the computer without a router
This type of connection is possible and sometimes used if you only need to connect one camera to a PC, but it is considered NOT professional. In the age of modern technology, it is much more convenient to use a switch or router.
It is easy to connect the IP camera to the computer directly.
Consider the connection diagram.
By default, IP cameras have so-called IP addresses, which are assigned by the manufacturer. We open the documentation and find out the IP, port, username and password.
For understanding, let’s assume that into the cameras:
- IP addresses. 192.168.22.1;
- Port. 80;
- Login. Admin;
- Password. Empty.
To start the camera, you need to dial the IP of the computer and the camera into one subnet.
We know that IP cameras are 192.168.22.1, assign PC IP addresses one more than 192.168.22.2 with mask: 255.255.255.0.
Lower right corner of the computer, click on two computers or the antenna icon, then the Network and Sharing Center.
Next, on the left, click “change adapter parameters”.
We select the active adapter. Click the right mouse button.-Properties.
In the window that opens, select the IPV4 protocol and enter our IP 192.168.22.2, mask 255.255.255.0.
The mask will be created automatically, then we also press “Add” and “OK” in the remaining windows.
You can change IP cameras using a special program or in the web interface.
Connecting using a switch
Consider a connection diagram to a computer through a switch.
As you can see in the figure, all devices are connected to the network switch.
With this connection option, you can connect many more IP cameras than in the previous method.
All devices must be on the same subnet.
- IP camera. Address 192.168.22.1, mask 255.255.255.0.
- Switch. Address 192.168.22.3, mask 255.255.255.0.
- PC. Address 192.168.22.2, mask 255.255.255.0.
Connect the IP camera using twisted pair
To connect a digital surveillance camera, you must first prepare the cables. Usually, an unshielded UTP cable of category 5 is suitable, popularly “twisted pair”.
Consider the power supply of the surveillance camera, at least three options are possible:
- Poе (Power over Ethernet). Power is transmitted via an Ethernet cable, through a special switch.
- There is an outlet near the camera, power is supplied through the power adapter.
- Power is transmitted through a twisted pair, you must first strIP the wires and connect through a special adapter.
Consider a pinout without power over Ethernet.
Depending on the connection of the digital surveillance camera, the twisted pair is crimped in different ways.
We will use two options for crimping the rj45 connector (without power):
- Through. Crimp option 568A. 568B;
- Straight. We will use 568B- 568B.
The first option is suitable if there is only one digital camera and the connection will be carried out directly to the PC without additional devices.
Pinout for connecting two devices. IP camera and PC.
The second option is suitable for all other cases, if the camera will be connected through a switch, router or recorder.
Pinout for connecting through a switch
Depending on the pinout scheme, you first need to arrange the wires in this order (do not forget to straighten them) according to the “Through” or “Straight”.
Connecting an IP Camera to a Computer
An IP camera is a complex technical device, so the process of connecting it to a computer requires skills and knowledge. You can connect using a twisted pair, using only a computer directly or together with a switch. These methods will be discussed in the article.
What to do next?
When a digital surveillance camera is connected, the IP address is configured. It remains to install the control program (usually included with the camera) from the manufacturer on a personal computer. She will manage the recording
We look at the connection of the IP camera to the computer.
Via a router or directly
One of the easiest ways to connect the camera is with a LAN cable. In this case, the patch cord is installed in the Corresponding socket on the router, after which the lamp on the device should light up. It is also possible to connect the camera directly to the network card of the computer. The subsequent steps will be similar for both methods.
If there are several cameras, then each of them must be connected to the router. In the case of a computer, the communicator is initially connected to the LAN port. The next step will be to configure the equIPment, namely to assign it the required IP address.
This is the default for every model and needs to be synchronized with a specific network. Dedicated software is used to assign an address to an Axis camera. The Axis IP Utility and Axis Camera Management programs are distributed free of charge and are included on the included disc. You can also download them on the official website of the company.
Applications automatically detect connected cameras and assign them IP addresses. You can assign it manually if required. Axis Camera Management is also suitable for deploying and monitoring large surveillance networks. In this case, the address is assigned from a predefined range.
The next step is to set a password. This is required to gain access to a specific camera and to protect the footage. The data is also set through the original applications. For Axis cameras, use the Configure Root Password window that opens when the device is first started. You can use both a regular connection and encrypted ones. The second option is more reliable.
After these steps, the IP camera is ready for use. The default can be returned to the factory settings. Using a PC, it is possible to adjust focus, exposure, zoom and other parameters. And, of course, it allows you to view the footage online.
Connecting an IP Camera to a Computer
High resolution shooting, picture detail and stable data transfer rates are the reasons why IP cameras are replacing analog recording devices. Centralized control over the devices is carried out through a personal computer. Intuitive web interface allows continuous monitoring of system status and control of individual elements.
Consider the features of connecting an IP camera to a computer using the example of equIPment from Axis. First of all, you should decide on the type of connection. Signals can be transmitted both over a local network and via wired Internet or Wi-Fi. The connection method will be special for each of THESE cases.
To get access to the camera via the global network, you need to configure the router itself. First of all, the router must understand which address corresponds to each device. Only in this case will he be able to transmit the correct image to the screen. The required parameters are located in the “Virtual Server” tab, where the data of each device is registered. These are not only the original IP addresses, but also the ports, if any.
The advantage of this method is that it allows you to control the surveillance network from anywhere in the world. To connect, just use any device with Internet access. Cameras must be assigned a static name provided by private providers for free or for a fee.
Before using the devices, their functionality is checked. To do this, you need to open your browser and paste the original IP addresses into the address bar. For local networks with the introduction of only a LAN cable, this will be enough.